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Electronic Toll Tax collection system in india

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Electronic Toll collection system in india using RFID Tag

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Electronic Toll Tax collection system in india

  1. 1. SUBMITTED BY. DEEPAK CHOUHAN 0828EC15MT22 DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore(M.P) Patel college Of Science & Technology ,Indore (M.P.)
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Introduction  Types of Toll Collection system  What is ETC system?  Technology behind ETC system  Component of ETC system  RFID tags  Types of RFID Tags  RFID reader  How does RFID Reader Works?  Working of ETC system  Benefits of ETC system  Application  Limitation of ETC system  Future scope of ETC system in India  Conclusion  References DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Nowadays in this world all are very busy with their tight schedules. Men have no time to spare. The collection of tolls on toll plaza is a time consuming process due to traffic congestion and it causes inconvenience to the public.  Thus we have thought of Electronic toll collection system. Here the priority is for time and efficiency. The need for manual toll based system is completely reduced in this method and the tolling system works through RFID technology. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  4. 4. TYPES OF TOLL COLLECTION SYSTEM?  Existing system  Proposed system DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  5. 5. EXISTING SYSTEM  All vehicle has to stop at toll plaza along the highway to pay the toll, one person collect the money and issue a receipt, after which gate is opened either mechanically or electronically for the driver to get through the toll plaza. Another is smart card system in which driver show a smart card to access the data to the system installed on toll plaza to pass. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  6. 6. Fig. A Existing Toll collection system DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  7. 7. DRAW BACK OF EXISTING SYSTEM  This type of system for collecting toll tax is time consuming method; there is long queue of vehicle at toll plaza chances of escaping the payment of toll tax. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  8. 8. PROPOSED SYSTEM  This type system is simple in construction; provide automatic toll collection and vehicle theft detection. Using RFID Tag.  Electronic Toll Collection is the good example of this type of system. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  9. 9. Fig. B Proposed Toll Collection System DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  10. 10. ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION SYSTEM  ETCS is an Electronic toll collection system that will allow user to make the payment of highway tolls automatically. In this we do the identification with the help of radio frequency. A vehicle will hold an RFID tag. This tag is nothing but unique identification number assigned.  This system is capable of determining if the car is registered or not, and then informing the authorities of toll payment violations, debits, and participating accounts. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  11. 11. TECHNOLOGY BEHIND THE ETC SYSTEM  An ETC system commonly utilizes radio frequency identification (RFID) technology .  RFID stands for Radio‐Frequency Identification  RFID is an automated data-capture technology that can be used to electronically identify, track & store information contained on a RFIDtag. RFID technology was first introduced in 1948. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  12. 12. COMPONENT OF ETC SYSTEM  Hardware RFID Tag RFID Reader GSM Module Stepper Motor LCD Microcontroller  Software/Language Express PCB Keil µvision Net beans DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  13. 13. RFID TAG  An RFID tag, or transponder, consists of a chip and an antenna. A chip can store a unique serial number or other information based on the tag’s type of memory, which can be read-only, read-write, or write once read-many(WORM).  A chip that transmits and receives radio waves is called Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  14. 14. Fig. C RFID Tag DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  15. 15. TYPES OF RFID TAGS  Active RFID Tag  Passive RFID Tag DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  16. 16. RFID READER  A reader uses its own antenna to communicate with the tag,  Readers can process multiple items at once, allowing for increased read processing times. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  17. 17. HOW DOES RFID READER WORKS  The reader puts radio frequency signals in a relatively short range for activation of tag and read and writes data into it. When this tag comes in electromagnetic zone it detects the activation signal from reader. Then the tag transmitting information to the reader and then it is sent to microcontroller which is then interfaced with net beans and jdk java kit for toll reduction from customers account. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  18. 18. HOW DOES RFID READER WORKS DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  19. 19. WORKING OF ETC SYSTEM DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  20. 20. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  21. 21. BENEFITS OF ETC SYSTEM  RFID tag cannot be cloned, so cannot be cheated.  Very efficient saving of time.  Wastage of money reduced.  Consumption of fuel is reduced.  Pollution is reduced to a large extent.  Speedy transport.  Less congestion on the roadways.  Comparatively less maintenance cost DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  22. 22. APPLICATIONS  Automated Vehicle Identification.  Automated Vehicle Classification.  Transaction Processing (Toll Calculation).  Can be used to trace the vehicle if this system is centralized.  Parking system. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  23. 23. LIMITATION OF ETC SYSTEM  Load sensing for long length vehicle becomes critical.  If RFID fails whole system fails. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  24. 24. FUTURE SCOPE OF ETC SYSTEM IN INDIA  Designed a system to give complete solution for traffic and transport related problems such as Toll gate control , traffic signal control, traffic rules violation control, parking.  Compare to normal manually system is better and in this we can further to implementing to every vehicle owner having the one tag that tag is contain total information of vehicle. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  25. 25. FASTAG  NHAI has rolled out program for Electronic Toll Collection on Toll Plazas on National Highways to be called FASTag.  FASTag is a device that employs Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology for making toll payments directly from the prepaid account linked to it DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  26. 26. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  27. 27. CONCLUSION  Electronic toll collection using RFID technology. RFID is a highly stable and reliable technology. The RFID automatically detect the identities of the vehicles, reading items in motion and tracking of the vehicles can be done accurate. With the elimination of human interaction in the entire toll collection process and also reduction of time at toll plaza, we can create a better ETC system to be implemented.  By doing automation of toll plaza we can have the best solution over money loss at toll plaza by reducing the man power required for collection of money and also can reduce the traffic indirectly resulting in reduction of time at toll plaza. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  28. 28. REFERENCES  www.google.com/image/Electronictoll collection  www.iosrjournals.org  www.jatit.org  www.thalesgroup.com/transport DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  29. 29. SUBMITTED BY. DEEPAK CHOUHAN M.Tech II year III Sem 0828EC15MT22 DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)
  30. 30. DeepakChouhanM.tech(VLSI).Indore (M.P)