Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Future soldier

2.731 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

The presentation contain some information about beginnings and development of future soldier's concepts.

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

Future soldier

  1. 1. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCESTHE 21st CENTURY SOLDIER mjr mgr Dariusz BECMER Warszawa 21.09.2012
  2. 2. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier1. The Beginnings.2. The determinants of changes in soldier’s equipment.3. Soldier concept of selected NATO member country.4. Summary.
  3. 3. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier - beginnings1984 – British Army Equipment Exhibition in Aldershot: Assumptions:Combat suit – made from breathable fabric protecting against environment (and CBR) with electrical warming system;Boots – protect against small mines;Helmet – equipped with laser rangefinder, image intensifier, camcorder and display;Weapon:– light machine gun with grenade launcher;– two small rocket launchers (at backpack);
  4. 4. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier - beginnings1990 – Department of US Army created projekt SIPE (Soldier Integrated Protective Ensemble). This is one of elements SMP (Soldier Modernization Plan).
  5. 5. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCESThe SIPE system was composed of the following subsystems and components: Integrated headgear subsystem - IHS – helmet with display (HMD-helmet mounted display), which had connection with the thermal sight on the weapon; earphones; mikrophone; the HMD and communications of the IHS were controlled by the helmet control unit (HCU). Advanced clothing subsystem - ACS – clothing with the microclimate conditioning, the load bearing component
  6. 6. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Weapon subsystem - WSS – M16A2, with prototype of the thermal sight, laser aiming light, long range hearing device; Microclimate conditioning subsystem - MCC – consisted of blower providing cool air through Active Cooling Vest (ACV) to upper parts of body; Individual soldier computer –carried in the LBC; provided the soldier ability to use GPS, digital mapping for navigation, position location and route planning, had connection with video- and thermal-camera.
  7. 7. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier - beginnings1994 – 14 NATO member countries signed treaty and created LG/WG/3 (Land Group 3/Working Group 3).NEW APPROACH: The soldier equipment is not treated, as a certain amount of autonomous elements, but as The ENTIRETY – one SYSTEM.Group LG/WG/3 had distinguished five basic elements of the soldier system.
  8. 8. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier concept - elements: C4I: (command, control, comunication, computer, information) LETHALITY MOBILITY (uniform, (navigation, size camouflage, and weigth ofballistic protection) equipment) FIRE LOGISTIC EFFECTIVNESS: (maintenance, (development of feeding, power weapon and sights) supply)
  9. 9. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier - beginnings2000 – LG3/WG3 was changed in topical group NAATG TG/1 SSI (NATO Army Armaments Group, Topical Group I, Soldier System Interoperability).Tasks:• creation of conditions to interoperability national systems;• to determine the level, at which interoperability is real;• simplification of information exchange between different projects through creation data base;• standardization procedures of tests and assessments of soldier equipment;• implementation STANAGs to provide appropriate level of standardization;• searching possibilities to adjust certain subsystems or components in different projects.
  10. 10. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier - beginnings2003 – creation Soldier Systems StandarizationIndustrial Working Group.Main task: to raise level of standardization of systems implemented by NATO member countries.
  11. 11. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKOMILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier Determinants of changes in soldiers equipment
  12. 12. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier Determinants of changes• breakdown bipolar world and appearance of new threats (terrorism, proliferation of mass destruction weapon, international crime, migration without control, economic crises, religion and ethnic conflicts, ecologic and elemental disasters, big scale catastrophes and technical failures)• changes of modern battlefield (asymmetric operations; acceptable losses’ level, operations mainly in urban terain);• development of information and communication technology;• creation concept of Network Centric Warfare;• the new rule armed forces – wilder spectrum of operations.
  13. 13. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKOMILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES US Joint Vision 2020
  14. 14. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier Range of military operation• large scale combat operation;• peace support operation (conflict prevention, peace enforcement, peacebuilding, peacemaking, peacekeeping);• humanitarian operation;• counterterrorism and counterinsurgency;• counterdrug;• show of force/ raid/ strike;• nation assistance;• protection of shipping;• civil authorities support.
  15. 15. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century SoldierSoldier concept of selected NATO member country
  16. 16. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKOMILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier Land Warrior
  17. 17. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Land Warrior – Stryker InteroperableHelmet Subsystem - HSS CA – eyepiece bolted to the helmet acts as a Afull-color computer interface;B – mikrophon; B FC – over-the-ear headphones; DSoldier Control Unit -SCU ED – a computer "mouse"; used to toggle Gamong screens in the eyepieceWeapon Subsystem - WSSrifle 5,56 mm M-4E – A laser rangefinder;F – thermal sight;G – videodigital camera.
  18. 18. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Land Warrior – Stryker InteroperableComputer Subsystem - CSSI – a computer runing the system;Navigation Subsystem - NSS)J – GPS to create maps, DRM (DeadReckoning Module);CommsNet Radio Subsystem - CNRSK – a multiband radio (K) for voice anddata communication;Power Source Subsystem - PSSH – a 12-hour lithium-ion battery pack
  19. 19. Land Warrior – Stryker Interoperable THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES What a soldier can see in helmet mounted display?1) Land Warriors boot screen;2) Location of friendly troops represented by blue icons on digital maps;
  20. 20. Land Warrior – Stryker Interoperable THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES What a soldier can see in helmet mounted display?3) A drop-down menu (3) — here, superimposed over a daytime video feed from the rifles camera;4) A menu provides mission updates and text-messaging capability;
  21. 21. Land Warrior – Stryker Interoperable THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES What a soldier can see in helmet mounted display?5) and 6) The weapons thermal sightallows soldiers to scout terrain andpotential targets at any time of day—or night.
  22. 22. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Land Warrior – Stryker Interoperable What a soldier can see in helmet mounted display?A digital sight lets soldiers aim at enemies without exposing themselves to danger.
  23. 23. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Personal Network Future XXI Battle Command Battalion/Brigade and Below (FBCB2) - US Network Centric system SCUPersonal Area Network (PAN) consist of:• SCU (soldier control unit)• computer,• radio,• electronic and electrooptical devicesmounted on weapon and helmet.• wires. Stryker Interoperable Vehicle Kit,
  24. 24. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Future Force Warrior •Headgear Subsystem •Combat Uniform Subsystem •Weapon Subsystem •Warfighter Physiological Status Monitor Subsystem •Microclimate Conditioning Subsystem •Power Subsystemliquid body armour – many pockets in egzoskeleton – made from light the uniform’s fabric being filled with composite elements mounted to magnetorheological fluid, which soldier’s legs and arms (thank to this consists of small iron particles solution increase overall lifting ability by suspended in silicon oil 25 to 35 percent)
  25. 25. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKOMILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Future Force Warrior
  26. 26. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Other programmes:1993 - FELIN (Fantassin a Equipement et Liaisons Integrees) - France.1994 - FIST (Future Integrated Soldier Technology ) – Great Britain1995 - IdZ - Infanterist der Zukunft. - German1995 - Land 125/Wundurra - Australia,1999 - Soldato Futuro – Italy;1999 - Combatiente Futuro - Spain.Canada (Soldier Information REQuirements Technology Demonstration,SIREQ-TD, Integrated Protectiwe Clothing and Eąuipment, IPCE),Singapur (Adwanced Manworn Combat System, AMCS),Nederlands (Dutch Digitised Soldier System, D2S2),Norway (NORwegian Modular Arctic Network Soldier, NORMANS),Sweden (MARKstrids Utrustad Soldat. MARCUS),Belgium (Combat Clothing and Equipment),Egypt (Egyptian Integrated Soldier System, IESS),Izrael (ACOG),RPA (African Warrior), and many others
  27. 27. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Other programmes:In Poland:2007 – creation initial operational requirements by General Staff for Advanced Individual Combat System called TYTAN, (confirmed in September 2006 by polish MoD);8 November 2010 – end of formulating assumption to project ISW TYTAN.
  28. 28. The elements of ISW Tytan:1 –composite helmet;2 – the ballistic protective vest(Maskpol);3 – uniform made from non-flammablefabric;4 – night or thermal vision device(Bumar Group);5 – elektrooptical sights (Bumar Group);6 – armheld control panel (WBElectronics);7 – radio (WB Electronics, Radmor);8 – CPU cooperated with BMS(Battlefield Management System) (WBElectronics);9 – new gas mask, better adjusted touse weapon and sights.
  29. 29. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier concept - SUMMARY: The purpose:• to provide soldier situational awareness (knowledgeabout area of responsibility, and location, activities andintentions of enemy as well as our forces) in full spectrumoperation;•to enhance soldier combatcapabilities and effectiveness;•to provide the highest levelprotection against bothenemy’s operations andenvironment.
  30. 30. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES The 21st Century Soldier concept - SUMMARY:The System provide the 21st soldier possibility of being partof battlefield network, which allows their exchange essential information and simultanously ensure survivability and lethality not only on modern battlefield, but also in full spectrum non-military operation.
  31. 31. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO MILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES References:• Becmer D., American Conception of Future Soldier - Land Warrior i Future Force Warrior, „Zeszyty Naukowe WSOWL” 2009, nr 1(151).• Becmer D., French Conception of Future Soldier , „Zeszyty Naukowe WSOWL” 2008, nr 3 (149).• Becmer D., German Conception of Future Soldier - Infanterist der Zukunft - Erweitertes System, „Zeszyty Naukowe WSOWL” 2008, nr 4 (150).• Bell K., Thales awarded stage one of FIST soldier systems contract, [online]. [dostęp: 08.09.2009]. Dostępny w Internecie: http://www.thalesgroup.com.• Bonsor K., How the Future Force Warrior Will Work, [online]. [dostęp: 13.02.2009]. Dostępny w Internecie: http://science.howstuffworks.com/ffw1.htm.• Dubiel A., Land Warrior w Iraku i Kongresie, [w:] „Raport-wto” 2007, nr 9.• Fiorenza N., Infanterist der Zukunft, [online]. [dostęp: 18.12.2009]. Dostępny w Internecie: http://www.aviationweek.com. My email: dbecmer@onet.eu Phone number: 717658294
  32. 32. THE TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKOMILITARY ACADEMY OF LAND FORCES Thank you for your attention Question ?

×