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Internet of Things

How the Next Evolution of the Internet is changing everything.

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Internet of Things

  1. 1. The Internet of ThingsThe Next Evolution Of The Internet<br />Dave Evans<br />Cisco Chief Futurist<br />Chief Technologist, Internet Business Solutions Group (IBSG)<br />
  2. 2. Internet of Things—Everything Is Getting Connected<br />Q. What do cows, shoes and trees have in common?<br /><ul><li>A. They are all part of the Internet of Things</li></li></ul><li>The WWW Has Gone Through Four Distinct Evolutions…<br />Social Web<br />Transactional Web<br />Brochure Web<br />Academia<br />
  3. 3. But What about the Internet?<br />IoT<br /><ul><li>Standardization on IP
  4. 4. Larger / pervasive
  5. 5. More secure
  6. 6. People-centric
  7. 7. But fundamentally the same? </li></li></ul><li>The Internet of Things<br /><ul><li>Represents the first true evolution of the Internet
  8. 8. Why?
  9. 9. More mobile than fixed
  10. 10. New architecture models
  11. 11. New protocol (IPv6)
  12. 12. Sensor-laden
  13. 13. More machines than people</li></li></ul><li>Bandwidth<br />Internet Growth<br /><ul><li>The Internet will double in size every 5.32 years.</li></ul>Internet map as of 16th January 2009<br />Source: Cisco IBSG, 2006-2011, Guo-Qing Zhang New Journal of Physics, Guardian UK..; Internet Mapping Project, Bell Labs/Lumeta Corporation, 2009<br />
  14. 14. The Internet Will Extend to Billions of New Devices<br />Users<br />Today'sInternet<br />500<br />Computers<br />Phones<br />1,500<br />Extended Internet<br />Mobile Assets<br />350<br />As IP becomes pervasive, devices that do not exist today will be connected to the Internet<br />Static Assets<br />375<br />Controllers<br />500<br />750<br />Smart Sensors<br />Microprocessors and Microcontrollers<br />35,000<br />Source: Harbor Research, Inc.; Forrester Research, Inc.; Cisco IBSG, 2006-2011<br />
  15. 15. The Internet of Things Is Already Here<br />World Population<br />7.6 Billion<br />6.3 Billion<br />6.8 Billion<br />7.2 Billion<br />ConnectedDevices<br />50 Billion<br />500 Million<br />12.5 Billion<br />25 Billion<br />More connected devices than people<br />Connected Devices per Person<br />6.58<br />0.08<br />1.84<br />3.47<br />2003<br />2010<br />2015<br />2020<br />Source: Cisco IBSG, 2011<br />
  16. 16. 50 Billion and Beyond…?<br />February2011<br />1x1x1mm computer.<br />Features an ultra-low-power microprocessor, pressure sensor, memory, thin-film battery, solar cell and wireless radio with an antenna.<br />March 2011<br />1 x 1 x 1 mm camera the size of a grain of salt<br />Actualsize of devices<br />Source: Cisco IBSG, 2011, University of Michigan, Fraunhofer<br />
  17. 17. Billions of New Internet InhabitantsWireless and Sensors Will Be Everywhere<br /><ul><li>90% of global population has wireless connectivity. ~5B Mobile subscriptions in 2010
  18. 18. 100,000 phone masts erected annually
  19. 19. 294 million consumer electronics devices with Wi-Fi shipped in 2007—1 billion by 2012
  20. 20. Billion of smart dust / sensors:
  21. 21. Cisco 2009: Planetary Skin—integrate sensors on land, in sea, in air, and in space to help make it possible to see the “whole picture” when it comes to the effects to and changes in the environment
  22. 22. HP 2010—“Central Nervous System for the Earth” CeNSE. 10-year mission to embed up to a trillion push-pin-sized nanoscale sensors and actuators around the globe</li></ul>WAN<br />(Wide Area Network)<br />MAN<br />(Metropolitan Area Network)<br />LAN<br />(Local Area Network)<br />PAN<br />(Personal Area Network)<br />Source: Cisco IBSG, UN: International Telecommunications Union, Real-Aliens.Com 2006-2011<br />
  23. 23. IPv6: Connectivity Without Meaningful Limits<br /><ul><li>Current Internet address limitation: 4 billion addresses</li></ul>As of February 2011, IPv4 addresses exhausted. (No IPv4 addresses remain unallocated.)<br /><ul><li>Internet address limitation under IPv6: (2^128)</li></ul>340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 addresses<br />4.8 trillion addresses for every star in the known universe<br />100 addresses for every atom on the surface of the earth.*<br />52 thousand trillion trillion addresses per person<br />(The number of stars in the known universe is estimated to be 70 sextillion (7*^22)<br />Source: Cisco IBSG, 2006-2011, *Steve Leibson, Computer History Museum, CNN<br />
  24. 24. Information<br />The “Zettaflood” is just the Beginning of the IoT Traffic.<br /><ul><li>Total IP Traffic on the global Internet:
  25. 25. 2003 – 1.8 Petabytes
  26. 26. 2007 - 161 Exabytes
  27. 27. 2009 - 487 Exabytes
  28. 28. 2010 - ½ Zettabyte
  29. 29. 2011—1 ZettaByte(540,000Xincrease from 2003)
  30. 30. Expected to double over the next 18 months
  31. 31. 2012 - 91% expected to be video traffic</li></ul>½ Zetabyte: Equivalent to a stack of books stretching from Earth to Pluto 10 times (36 Billion miles)<br />A Zettabyte is a billion terabytes (250 billion DVDs)<br />“By 2011, 20 typical households will generate more traffic than the entire Internet did in 2008.”<br /> Jim Cicconi, VP, AT&T<br />Source: Cisco IBSG, 2006-2011, VentureBeat, IDC, C|Net, The Guardian, U.K.<br />
  32. 32. Information<br />Turning Data into Wisdom<br />
  33. 33. New Internet Inhabitants<br />What do cows, shoes and trees have in common?<br />This tree has 3,000 followers —do you?<br />
  34. 34. To view additional IBSG Innovations Solutions click here: http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/innov/index.html<br />@DaveTheFuturist<br />