Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Die SlideShare-Präsentation wird heruntergeladen. ×

Baltic SCOPE stakeholder workshop on ENVIRONMENT *

Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Wird geladen in …3
×

Hier ansehen

1 von 16 Anzeige

Baltic SCOPE stakeholder workshop on ENVIRONMENT *

Herunterladen, um offline zu lesen

Baltic SCOPE workshop discussion on ENVIRONMENT at Baltic SCOPE Central Baltic case (involving Latvia, Estonia and Sweden) stakeholder conference on 31 May - 1 June 2016 in Jurmala, LATVIA

Read more on: www.balticscope.eu

* The information presented is the working exercise on the cross-border maritime spatial planning discussions and can not be treated as the official opinion of the European Commission and the Member States involved in the consortium of the Baltic SCOPE project.

Baltic SCOPE workshop discussion on ENVIRONMENT at Baltic SCOPE Central Baltic case (involving Latvia, Estonia and Sweden) stakeholder conference on 31 May - 1 June 2016 in Jurmala, LATVIA

Read more on: www.balticscope.eu

* The information presented is the working exercise on the cross-border maritime spatial planning discussions and can not be treated as the official opinion of the European Commission and the Member States involved in the consortium of the Baltic SCOPE project.

Anzeige
Anzeige

Weitere Verwandte Inhalte

Diashows für Sie (20)

Andere mochten auch (14)

Anzeige

Ähnlich wie Baltic SCOPE stakeholder workshop on ENVIRONMENT * (20)

Weitere von Pan Baltic Scope / Baltic SCOPE (20)

Anzeige

Aktuellste (20)

Baltic SCOPE stakeholder workshop on ENVIRONMENT *

  1. 1. Introduction to environmental sector within the CBC: findings of the Baltic Scope project Anda Ruskule Jūrmala, 31 May, 2016
  2. 2. Objectives for environment in MSP Requirements of the sector – maintenance of resilient marine ecosystem and services it provides – achievement of good environmental status (GES) of marine waters; Approaches for addressing environment in MSP – Assessing and improving coherence MPA network – Integration of the MSFD objectives in MSP – Increasing knowledge and understanding of interactions between marine ecosystem and human activities Application of ecosystem based approach
  3. 3. • Latvia: – 7 MPAs designated, covering 33 % of territorial waters and 1 % in EEZ (in total 15% of Latvian marine waters) – claim from EC to designated sufficient area of Natura 2000 sites within EEZ – 5 investigation areas for potential designation of MPAs proposed by the MSP • Estonia: – 45% of Natura 2000 sites are marine areas, however only few offshore sites – PoM foresees review of the existing MPA network and establish new MPAs in EEZ – preliminary investigations were carried out and two possible areas are considered as potential MPAs for protection of reef habitats • Sweden: – MPA network includes 1 national park, 42 nature reserve and 315 Natura 2000 areas, covering 7.7 % of the marine area – the national goal is set to increase MPA network to10% of all marine areas by 2020 – County Administrative Boards have an important role in designation of MPAs – one potential N2000 area suggested for protection of the Harbour Porpoise Coherence of the MPA network in CBC: current situation & development perspectives
  4. 4. Areas proposed for enlargement of MPA network in Sweden and Latvia:
  5. 5. MPA network in the CBC: existing and potential protected areas
  6. 6. Implementation of MSFD: – PoM has strong focuss on three descriptors - alien species (D2), eutrophication (D5) and marine litter (D10); – Spatial measures apply for descriptor - biological diversity (D1) including surveys and assessment of the potential MPAs in Latvian EEZ Implementation of EBA in MSP: – link to the GES objectives and indicators established through assessment of possible impacts of alternative scenarios, SEA process and proposals for monitoring of MSP implementation – Spatial impacts assessed in relation to different components of marine ecosystem and provision of ecosystem services » Impact matrix developed for assessment of sensitivity of species and habitats against different sea uses, ensuring precautionary principle and mitigation of negative impacts Integration with MSFD objectives and implementation of EBA: current situation & development perspectives- LATVIA
  7. 7. Integration with MSFD objectives: – the national MSFD processes coordinated with the MSP – both are carried out by SwAM – Important coordination topics are MPA development, data management, assessment of pressures from human activities – Achievement of GES is included in the Swedish Environmental objectives, which lays the basis for MSP Implementation of EBA in MSP: – Mapping of marine green infrastructure and identification of areas with high ecological values as an important step to develop the best knowledge and practice – identification of ecosystem services as part of impact assessment – a spatial cumulative assessment tool called Symphony to be used in MSP for understanding the current and future pressures on the marine environment and implementation of the precaution principle Integration with MSFD objectives and implementation of EBA: current situation & development perspectives- SWEDEN
  8. 8. Integration with MSFD objectives: – An integrated marine monitoring programme targeting the reporting recommendations on MSFD Article 11 has been compiled and relevant indicators of all descriptors have been established – The MSFD indicators provide knowledge on the environmental status and indicate environmental changes attributed to the MSP process as well as can guide the MSP process in order to achieve effective spatial planning for sustainable development Implementation of EBA in MSP: – To date no official document exists that explicitly targets the ecosystem based approach within the Estonian MSP. However, Estonian Planning Act states that one of the functions of MSP is to determine the measures required for the protection of marine environment – MSP will set criteria and future research that is needed in order to make decisions on marine use (including licencing) after the adoption of MSP, thus laying basis for precaution principle – MSP in Estonia will also include development of alternative scenarios; mitigation to be ensured through SEA process Integration with MSFD objectives and implementation of EBA: current situation & development perspectives- ESTONIA
  9. 9. 1) Ensuring coherence of the MPA network in the CBC area: • Mapping of areas of high ecologically value: – developing a common approach for benthic habitat mapping – defining common criteria for identification of areas of high ecological value – collection of the relevant data sets and/or performing of necessary field surveys • Assessing representativeness of habitat and species coverage within the existing MPA network – requires detailed knowledge on species and habitat distribution, which countries at the moment are lacking • Assessing connectivity of the existing MPA network within CBC and potential areas for designation of MPAs: – Identification of areas for ensuring connectivity - concept of “Blue corridors:  functional interconnection between the sites,  conditions for spreading of species. identification of potential areas for MPA designations Future needs & Recommendations for actions:
  10. 10. Standartised map on environmental values
  11. 11. Environmental values and MPA network
  12. 12. 2) Increasing knowledge and understanding of interactions between marine ecosystem and human activities : • Identification of MSFD descriptors and indicators that can applied for spatial assessment of impacts within MSP and related SEA and EIA procedures – Based on screening of the MSFD indicators in EE, LV and SE the following descriptors and criteria proposed as the most relevant: • descriptors biodiversity (D1) – habitat range, habitat quality, ecosystem structure; • sea floor integrity (D6) - physical damage and community state • introduction of energy, including underwater noise (D11) - Distribution in time and place of loud, low and mid frequency impulsive sounds and continuous low frequency sound Guidelines/criteria needed for impact assessment procedures Future needs & Recommendations for actions :
  13. 13. 2) Increasing knowledge and understanding of interactions between marine ecosystem and human activities : • Development of common approaches for assessing collective pressure of all human activities on marine environment: – Identification of threats from particular activities to different ecological features (e.g. habitats, birds, fish, mammals) – Assessing cumulative pressures from different sea uses at local level; – Assessing cumulative impacts from trans-boundary perspective taking into account developments at the different parts of the Baltic Sea and their overall impact to marine biodiversity » A need for common/standardised methodology » analytical tool – Symphony developed by SwAM for assessment of cumulative effects in MSP could be used as possible example Future needs & Recommendations for actions:
  14. 14. Example from the Harmony project showing the principle method Future needs & Recommendations for actions:
  15. 15. 2) Increasing knowledge and understanding of interactions between marine ecosystem and human activities : • Criteria for applying precautionary principle and setting limitations/restrictions to sea use activities within the MSP: ̶ general assessment of impacts of particular sea uses can be misleading, because the actual level of impact would depend on extend of the activity as well as particular technologies applied ̶ Therefore along with elaboration of methods or tool for assessment of cumulative pressures, more precise criteria or procedures for application of the precaution principle shall be developed Future needs & Recommendations for actions
  16. 16. Thank you!

×