A FIFTH MODE OF TRANSPORTATION
Department Of Civil Engineering
Hi-Tech College of Engineering, Bhubaneswar
THEN , NOW
WHAT IS HYPERLOOP
COMPONENTS OF HYPERLOOOP
HYPERLOOP PROJECT IN INDIA
Hyperloop is a proposed mode of passenger and freight transportation that
propels a pod-like vehicle through a near-vacuum tube at more than airline
speed. The alpha version of the proposal published on the SpaceX website,
describes claims of the design of the system, as well as its function.
The concept of high-speed travel in tubes has been around for decades, but
there has been a resurgence in interest in pneumatic tube transportation
systems since the concept was reintroduced, using updated technologies,
by Elon Musk after 2012.
5. WHOSE IDEA ?
The Hyperloop was proposed by Elon
He is also the owner and CEO of
Pay-Pal, Tesla motors and Space-X.
6. THEN , NOW
Hyperloop concept was invented and designed in 1812 by the British Mechanical
Engineer George Wenger .
The concept of Hyperloop is now developed and redesigned by the billionaire Elon
in 2012 .
While the term Hyperloop is in some countries a registered trademark of the Space
Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX) for the high speed transportation of
passengers and goods in partially evacuated tubes, the Hyperloop concept has been
explicitly open-sourced by Musk and SpaceX, and others have been encouraged to
take the ideas and further develop them.
7. WHAT IS HYPERLOOP ?
Existing conventional modes of transportation of people consists of four
unique types: rail, road, water, and air. These modes of transport tend to be
either relatively slow (i.e., road and water), expensive (i.e., air), or a
combination of relatively slow and expensive .
It is the fifth mode generation of transportation .
Hyperloop is a new mode of transport that seeks to change this paradigm by
being both fast and inexpensive for people and goods.
Hyperloop consists of a low pressure tube with capsules that are transported
at both low and high speeds throughout the length of the tube .
The tube is made of steel. Two tubes will be welded together in a side by side
configuration to allow the capsules to travel both directions.
Pylons are placed every 100 ft. (30 m) to support the tube.
Solar arrays will cover the top of the tubes in order to provide power to the
Tubes are made by the new material ‘ VIBRANIUM ‘
Sealed capsules carrying 28 passengers each that travel along the interior of
A larger system has also been sized that allows transport of 3 full size
automobiles with passengers to travel in the capsule.
The capsules are supported via air bearings that operate using a compressed
air reservoir and aerodynamic lift .
Linear accelerations are constructed along the length of the tube at various
locations to accelerate the capsule.
Stators are located on the capsules via the linear acceleration.
The propulsion system has these basic requirements:
1. Accelerate the capsule from 0 to 300 mph (480 kph) for relatively low speed
travel in urban areas.
2. Maintain the capsule at 300 mph (480 kph) as necessary, including during
ascents over the mountains surroundings.
Height : 3.66 ft. ( 1.1 m )
Width : 4.50 ft. ( 1.35m )
Passengers : 24-30
Speed : 760MPH ( 1236KPH)
The doors on each side will open in a gullwing (or possibly
sliding) manner to allow easy access during loading and
The luggage compartment will be at the front or rear of the
12. WORKING PRINCIPLES OF HYPERLOOP:
Hyperloop consists of a low pressure tube with capsules that are transported at
both low and high speeds throughout the length of the tube. The capsules are
supported on a cushion of air, featuring pressurized air and aerodynamic lift.
The capsules are accelerated via a magnetic linear accelerator affixed at various
stations on the low pressure tube with rotors contained in each capsule.
Passengers may enter and exit Hyperloop at stations located either at the ends
of the tube, or branches along the tube length the capsule is designed for a
maximum speed of 700mph. Linear motors spaced every 70 miles give the
capsule its initial push, provide a periodic acceleration boost, and are used to
stop the vehicle at the end of the trip. The combined length of the motors is
about 1% of the tube length, so for most of the journey, the capsule is coasting.
13. Even though the air pressure in the tube is very low, a capsule
traveling at 700mph will cause significant air pressure at the nose
of the vehicle, which must be considered in the design. Since the
tube has a larger cross-section than the capsule, some air flows
around the vehicle. Even so, compressor fans that actively transfer
air from the front to the rear of the capsule must be installed.
Solar panels installed on top of the tubes provide power for the
linear motors. In addition, energy is recaptured when capsules are
14. Hyperloop In India:
Hyperloop Transportation Technologies(HTT) signed an
agreement with Andhra Pradesh government to build a connecting
road between Vijayawada to Amaravati.
The memorandum of Understanding(MoU) that HTT, an
American research firm, has signed with the Andhra Pradesh
Economic Development Board(APEDB) is a first of its kind
Low cost than high speed trains
High speed than all other transportation methods
Immune to weather
Sustainable self powering
As it has number of advantages it will very helpful for
transport public as well as goods in a very short time ( at
top speed of 1220 kmph) and also in low cost.
It is new concept so there is some future work will be
required for development of this project.