Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Die SlideShare-Präsentation wird heruntergeladen. ×

Understanding of Physiology of Respiration in Ayurveda

Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Wird geladen in …3
×

Hier ansehen

1 von 18 Anzeige

Weitere Verwandte Inhalte

Diashows für Sie (19)

Ähnlich wie Understanding of Physiology of Respiration in Ayurveda (20)

Anzeige

Weitere von Ayurveda Network, BHU (20)

Aktuellste (20)

Anzeige

Understanding of Physiology of Respiration in Ayurveda

  1. 1. Understanding of Physiology of Respiration in Ayurveda Dr. Vandana Verma Assistant Professor Department of Kriya Sharir, Faculty of Ayurveda, IMS, BHU, Varanasi, India
  2. 2. Shvashan prakriya:  The act of respiration is the physiological function (initiation and regulation of ventilation) of Prana vata and Udana vata.  Thus the word Pranavaha srotas means a channel or path through which the external air (prana vayu) enters into the body to sustain life.  Pranavaha srotas understood as respiratory system in context to Sthula srotas , since it take in the Prana vayu (air) as nutrient from external atmosphere through respiratory tract and its main functional contribution in body is to provide oxygen.
  3. 3. FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM  Upper respiratory tract - from nose to pharynx Mouth cavity (mukhavivara) Nose (nasika) Throat (kantha) Pharynx (grasanika) Larynx (swaryantra)  Lower respiratory tract- from pharynx to lungs Trachea (klomanadi) Bronchi (apasthambh) Lungs (phupphus) Anilayana ( bronchial tree branching as well as alveoli)
  4. 4. FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Conducting Zone-Rigid conduits for air to reach site of gas exchange -nose -nasal cavity -pharynx -larynx -trachea -bronchi
  5. 5. FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM  -Respiratory Zone- site of gas exchange -respiratory bronchioles
  6. 6. SHVASHAN PRAKRIYA : UkfHkLFk%izk.kiou%Li`’V~okg`RdeykUrjaA d.Bkr~cfgZfofuZ;kfr ikrqafo’.kqinke`re~A ihRokpkEcjih;w’kaiqujk;kfrosxr%A izh.k;Unsgef[kyatho;¥~tBjkuyaA ( Sha.Pu.5/48-49)  In this verse of Sharngadhara explains many important steps of respiratory system physiology, systematically, as follows:  External respiration  Internal respiration
  7. 7. Ventilatory Mechanism-(external respiration)  The word nabhi (umbilical region) in relation to ventilatory mechanism could be understood as the participation of diaphragm and abdominal muscles in the process of ventilation.  The direction of expiration from abdomen is in the upward direction, through chest and throat region.
  8. 8. Ventilatory Mechanism-(external respiration)  Nabhisthapranapavanh could be understood for supply of nutrients and oxygen from maternal circulation to foetus through umbilical cord in intrauterine life.
  9. 9.  Inspiration - Prana vayu situated in murdha (head, respiratory centres’) gives stimulation to all the muscles of respiration, for expansion. It also stimulates diaphragm and abdominal muscles. Due to its activity the chest cavity broadens and inspiration occurs (A.H.Su.12/5).  Expiration- Udana vayu is responsible for the process of expiration (S.Ni. 1/14)
  10. 10. Regulation of ventilation-  The activity of Inspiration is regulated by Prana vata  Main dwelling Site of Prana vata is Murdha (head)  Inspiratory and expiratory group of neurons are situated in Medulla and Pons.
  11. 11.  Regulation of ventilation-  The activity of Prana and Udana vata refers to nervous regulation of ventilation.
  12. 12.  Gaseous exchange- ‘Spristvahritakamalantaram’ word indicates the gaseous exchange at the alveoli, after that the impure air comes outside through the kanta (throat, nasophrynx). Here word ‘Hritakamalantar’ could be synonymous for lungs as amberpiyush word is used for oxygen.  In Sadyovrana prakaran Srikantadutta has considered phupphusa as raktadhara ( M.Ni. 43/5).  Udanavayuaadhrah Phuphusah ( Sha.Pu. 5/43)
  13. 13. Transportation of gases- In Pranavaha srotas , external prana dravya ( vayu/oxygen) is taken into blood by the lungs and then it is transported with Rasa-Rakta throughout the body via heart by the action of Vyana vata. ‘Pranha shonitam hi anuvartatae’(C.Su. 24/4).  f”kjk /keU;ks ukfHkLFkk% lokZ O;kI; fLFkrkLruqe~A iq’.kfUr pkfu”ka ok;ks% la;ksxkRloZ/kkrqfHk% AA (Sha.pu.5/47) ”kjhjizk.k;ksjso la;ksxknk;q#Pprs(Sha.pu.5/54) Sharngadhara explains dhatu-poshana or tissue nourishment through Vayu. Sira and dhamni (veins and arteries) arise from nabhi (heart) spread throughout the body and supply air to dhatus constantly and because of combination of vayu(air) and sharira (body) ayu (life) is existing.
  14. 14. Transportation of gases-  /keU;ks jlokfgH;ks /kefUrioua rukSA (Sha.pu.5/39). Dhamanis (arteries) carry rasa dhatu all over the body and fill it with air . All the above explanations suggest about the transportation of gases through circulation of blood and supply of oxygen to tissues.
  15. 15. Kshut(sneezing reflex)  Kshut (sneezing) is the sound produced in the nose by upward movement of prana and udana vayu and kapha in the head ( Sha.Pu. 6/27-28).  This description could be understood as sneezing reflex for clearance of upper respiratory tract.
  16. 16. Measures to establish breathing ( Pranapratyagaman): Prana – breath Pratyagaman- establishment  In Sharirsthan Charak has given various measures for resuscitation of just new born baby for establishment of respiration like - - striking of stones near the ears of child, - sprinkling of hot and cold water on face, - if does not gain vitality then the child should be fanned with a fan prepared with straps of bamboo (C. Sha. 8/42)40.  All these measures indicate the description of artificial respiration.
  17. 17. THANKS

×