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Ancient Greece.pdf

  1. ANCIENT GREECE
  2. ● Flourished from the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE TIMELINE
  3. ● Existed in the Northeastern Mediterranean civilization ● Made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine ● Known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture ABOUT ANCIENT GREECE
  4. ● The climate generally featured hot summers and mild winters ● Because it was so hot, most people wore lightweight clothing throughout most of the year ● They would put on a cloak or wrap during the colder days of the winter months.
  5. ● People in ancient Greece wore exclusively white clothes ● Used natural dyes from shellfish, insects, and plants, to color fabric and clothing ● Made from rectangular fabric folded around the body with girdles, pins, and buttons ● Geometric key patterns called meanders were painted or block printed ANCIENT GREEK CLOTHING
  6. ● Fabrics were derived from the basic raw materials, animal, plant, or minerals, with its main wool, flax, leather, and silk ● Later, finer materials (mostly linen) were produced ● Draped dresses became more varied and elaborate ● A variety in draping was created by pleating
  7. ● Uncut, unsewn, pieces arranged on a person in different ways ● Primary garments were cloth squares, cylinders, or rectangles, wrapped or draped ● Fastened with pins, buttons, or brooches ● Ease of manipulating the cloth into a garment meant one could use a single piece of fabric multiple times to create different outfits
  8. ● Unlike many western looms, the loom used was a vertical called warp-weighted loom ● All the tools are made of baked clay ● Fabric is woven from the top of the loom toward the ground ● Bundles of warp threads are tied to hanging weights called loom weights which keep the threads taut LOOMS
  9. ● The Greek key pattern, also referred to as a “meander” or "fret” ● Symbolizes eternity ● It is a continuous line that folds back on itself replicating the Maeander River which is located in Turkey ● The motif is found abundantly in architecture and decorative arts from the Greek Empire KEY PATTERN
  10. ● Worn by men and women ● A belt was also worn with the chiton, called the zoster or girdle ● Doric chiton can be worn plain or with an overfold, draped and fastened at the shoulder by pins called fibula, or sewing, or by buttons. ● lonic chiton was draped without the fold and held in place from neck to wrist by several small pins or buttons CHITON
  11. ● People were made up of Dorians and Ionians; tribes who migrated from the north into Greece during the Mycenaean Era ● Unlike the austere and militaristic Dorians, the Ionians are renowned for their love of philosophy, art, democracy, and pleasure ● The Peloponnese was Dorian while the Attica Peninsula and the western coast of Asia Minor were populated by Ionians DORIANS AND IONIANS
  12. ● A larger outer garment worn as a long cape or cloak ● Consisted of a large rectangular material, that goes under the left arm and over the right shoulder ● Were often dyed in bright colors and covered with various designs that were either woven into the fabric or painted on HIMATION
  13. ● Consisted of a tubular shaped cloth — toutis was folded from the inside ● The top area of the tube usually gathered at the waist and the bottom area extended till the ankles ● The cloth on the upper area was brought underneath the left arm, secured with the help of tapes or pins on the right shoulder ● Common patterns included checks, flowers, waves or even stripes. ● When women wore the peplos, the arms were generally left bare PEPLOS
  14. ● A rectangular cloak or mantle of wool cloth ● Originally worn by soldiers, first as a loin cloth and then as an asymmetrical cloak ● Then absorbed into general use and possibly worn over the chiton ● Mostly worn over the left shoulder and fastened at the right side of the body and much of the front uncovered CHLAMYS
  15. ● Women wore a strophic under their garments, around the mid-portion of their body ● It was a wide band of wool or linen wrapped across the breasts and tied them in the back ● Men and women wore triangular loincloths, called perizoma, as underwear UNDERGARMENTS
  16. ● Clothing of the Greeks influenced the fashion sense of the Romans ● Pleating techniques of himation, were later used in Europe during the Renaissance for the capes and cloaks ● Ease of use and unisex aspect of Greek clothing made it instantly appealing to neighboring civilizations ● Garments were easily adaptable to various climates and cultures ● The basic forms of these clothes still function as models in fashion over 2,000 years after they were first created GREEK INFLUENCE
  17. ● Different colours symbolized different things in Greek fashion ● Commonly used colors were violet, green, grey, red, blue and white ● Clothing became more elaborate and more detailed as the century passed ● The colors became brighter, and new styles were developed COLOURS
  18. ● Kermes is a red dye derived from the dried bodies of the females of a scale insect ● The plant's roots are severed and mashed, then heated to produce the dye ● Tyrian purple is a pigment made from the mucus of Murex snail ● Woad, also called dyer's woad or glastum, herb in the mustard family, formerly grown as a source of the blue dye indigo
  19. ● Included a wide-brimmed hat called the petasos for men ● A peaked hat, sometimes with a flat brim, for women ● Men and women wore sandals, slippers, shoes, and boots ● Philosophers were famous for wearing a simple chiton, unornamented himation, and the most basic leather shoes ACCESSORIES
  20. ● There is evidence that ancient Greeks had necklaces, earrings, pins, pendants, armbands, thigh bands, bracelets, rings, wreaths, and other fancy hair ornaments ● Jewelry usually had pearls, gems or semiprecious gems ● Popular earring designs included: angels flying, such as Eros, Nike, and Ganymede carried up by the eagle of Zeus to Mount Olympus ● Jewelry was sometimes made as an offering to the gods. JEWELERY
  21. ● Pale or light skin was considered a status symbol for women ● Women used honey and olive oil to improve their skin ● They often used substances as a substitute for cosmetics for enhancing their looks ● Dark powder was dusted over the eyebrows and red powder was used over their lips ● Kohl was used to mark the eyes. ● Red, which was applied to lips, came from the ore ochre(natural clay) ● Henna was painted on nails and hands ● For a time, even connected eyebrows (the "unibrow") was in vogue MAKE-UP
  22. ● Hairstyles also changed over time ● In the early days of Greece, men normally wore their hair short and grew beards ● During the Hellenistic era, beards went out of style ● Long hair was typical for Greek women; only slave women would wear their hair short ● Women curled and braided their hair in early Greece ● Later the style was to tie their hair back or put it up into a bun ● Blonde hair was highly prized and people without blonde hair used a wash to make it appear blonde HAIR-DO
  23. ● Greek architecture is known for tall columns, intricate detail, symmetry, harmony, and balance ● Ancient Greek architecture has influenced many architectural styles of today ● Omnipresent in modern-day public buildings, such as parliament buildings, museums and even memorials ARCHITECTURE
  24. ● Greek troops seem to have assisted Chandragupta Maurya in founding the Mauryan Empire ● Like in Hindu mythology, Greek mythology has a god or a goddess for everything ● Greeks added value to Indian intellect and cultural heritage ● They influenced the Indian Science and astronomy ● Trade between the India and Greece flourished with silk, spices and gold being traded INDIA AND ANCIENT GREECE
  25. ● The drape patterns are revived by modern designers in evening gowns with elaborate pleats GREEK AND CONTEMPORARY FASHION
  26. One shoulder necklines of the Greek are truly a timeless trend
  27. ● Possibly the most recognizable logos that use a Greek Ancient motif is the brand Versace ● The logo of Versace is the head of a Greek mythological creature called Medousa
  28. ● London-based Greek fashion designer Mary Katrantzou keeps ancient Greek art alive with her collections ● She often uses Minoan priestesses or goddesses on her clothes
  29. ● The renowned fashion brand Chanel made a collection inspired by ancient Greek art called Chanel Resort 2018 ● Dresses were made in a breezy fresh style to show the women as God-like figures from ancient statues
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