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Ovarian Cancer Fact Sheet

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Cervical cancer
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Ovarian Cancer Fact Sheet

  1. 1. varian Cancer Fact Sheet What are ovaries? Your ovaries are two glands located on each side of your uterus. What ovaries do? Ovaries are part of a female reproductive organ responsible for producing eggs and generating female hormones known as estrogen and progesterone. What is ovarian cancer? Ovarian cancer starts in your ovaries. Cancer cells will grow in your ovaries, if cancer spread outside of the ovaries, the cancer has metastasized, which means the cancer has spread from the original organ to another part of your body. There are three main sites of metastasis with ovarian cancer: liver, lung, and peritoneu Who is at risk? Ovarian cancer only occurs in women. It is found mainly in women over the age of 55, but it may also occur with younger women. There are several factors that may increase your chances of ovarian cancer. Increase risk factors:  Age: 2/3 of women 55 or older  Have close family with ovarian cancer diagnosis  Have a genetic mutation like BRCA1 or BRCA 2  Hormone replacement  Have an Eastern European Jewish background (Ashkenazi)  Have never given birth  Obesity  Have endometriosis Decrease risk factors:  Use of birth control  Delivered one child by age 30  Had tubal ligation or hysterectomy  Some studies show breastfeeding lower the occurrenc O
  2. 2. And break the silence Symptoms of ovarian cancer:  Pelvis or abdomen pain  Bloating in the abdomen  Constipation  Diarrhea  Difficulty eating  Feeling full quickly after eating  Urinary urgency  Urinary urgency  Back pain  Vaginal bleeding or other discharge different than normal How many types of ovarian cancer are there? Statistical Data: 22,280 women new diagnoses a year Every 24 minutes a woman is diagnosed 1 in 72 women are diagnosed yearly 90% will survive longer than 5 yrs. if detected early 14,240 deaths are expected in 2016 5th leading cause of cancer death in women 5 Year survival rate is 42.6% Which diagnosis evaluations are there? Pelvic exam, CT/PET Scan, CA 125 Test, MRI, Ultrasound, Lab test To helpdetermine if your symptoms are the cause of cancer or something else see your doctor. There are over 30 types with three main ones being diagnosed these are:  Epithelial- Most common affectsthe surface layerof the ovary  Germ Cell- Developsinthe cellsthat creates you eggs  Stromal- Developswithinthe cellsthat holds the ovariestogetherand make female hormones
  3. 3. http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/what-is-cancer/metastatic-fact-sheet http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ovarian/basic_info/risk_factors.htm http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@research/documents/document/acspc-047079.pdf http://www.ocrf.org http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/ovarian-cancer.html

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