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Algal Biofuel Production.pptx

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Algal Biofuel Production.pptx

  1. 1. Introduction to algae fuels
  2. 2. Algae Oil yield Compared to other Feedstocks Comparative Yields • Soy Bean 300-365 Gallons Per Acre Per Year • Palm 400-700 Gallons Per Acre Per Year • Algae 2,000 to 20,000+ Gallons Per Acre Per Year
  3. 3. Uniqueness of algae fuels
  4. 4. Lesser land requirement • Algae is capable of producing 30 times more oil per acre than the current crops now utilized for the production of biofuels. • Algae could produce up to 94,000 liters of oil per acre, shrinking land requirements Adaptability to a range of environment • Grown under conditions which are unsuitable for conventional crop production (marine water, wastewater, open ponds)
  5. 5. Solve the food versus fuel problem •Does not compete directly with crops grown for food •Algae can make use of marine and waste water •Some algae can be grown in desert regions •Some algae can be grown in ocean environment •Does not require expensive nutrients for growing
  6. 6. A wide range of fuel products
  7. 7. Additional Algae Oil Benefits: • Can be Grown anywhere • Non-polluting • Zero Sulfur • Releases Oxygen (can be captured and sold) • Eats CO2 (a potentially valuable GHG offset) • After the Oil is extracted the remaining press cake (BioMass) is a highly valuable product
  8. 8. How Does Algae Produce Oil? • Algae is a single cell organism • Algae feeds on the Hydrogen from the H2O and the Carbon from the CO2 and through the process of photosynthesis produces Hydrocarbon Chains and releases Oxygen • Most strains of the Green and Green-Blue Algae can double their mass every 24 hour growing cycle • Different strains of Algae produce Algae Oil with slightly different hydrocarbon chains
  9. 9. How to obtain fuel from algae? • Picking up the best algae • Growing the algae • Harvesting • Generating the fuel product
  10. 10. Where To Grow It? • Extensions onto our water treatment plants • Clean up our waste and generate fuel • Agriculture runoff • Exploit the county's many farms and vineyards • Water ponds • Algae could well grow on salty water as well as soft water Choosing an Algae • High percentage of total biomass is oil • Maintains a high percentage of oil even under stress • Compatible with our regional climate
  11. 11. There are three well-known methods to extract the oil from oilseeds, and these methods should apply equally well for algae too: 1 . Pressing oil from the algae Retrieves up to 70% of the oil 2.Chemical Oil Extraction Retrieves up to 95% of the oil 3.Super Critical Oil Extraction Can extract almost 100% oil by itself.
  12. 12. Product generation via different methods • Biodiesel • Ethanol • Hydrogen • Methane • Electricity — where algae biomass is directly used for combustion • Other hydrocarbon fuel
  13. 13. Conclusion • Even with few challenges taken into consideration, algae biofuel's natural advantages look to make it one of the foremost players in the clean energy market • Algae biofuel production holds future promise for developing countries. • Providing more jobs and an independent source of Energy.
  14. 14. Cost of the Project Approximately the cost of the project at small scale will be around 20,000 to 30,000/- This cost should cover Algae cultivation, it’s drying method and oil extraction

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