Everything you need to know about a disaster and their management. The slides start with an introduction of disaster their types, effects, and preventions to the initiatives taken by the government to manage reliefs and readiness.
1. SHREE RAMKRISHNA INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
• Course- DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Mr. Ankan Sadhukhan
Dept. Mechanical eng.
(Roll- 12 , Sec-A)
Disaster is a sudden accident or a
natural catastrophe that causes great
damage or loss of life.
It is an event or fact that has unfortunate
Disaster means that any occurrence
that causes damage, ecological
disruption, loss of human life or
deterioration of health and health
services on a scale sufficient to
warrant and extraordinary response
from outside the affected
community or area (WHO 1995).
3. DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Disaster Management can be defined
as the organization and management
of resources and responsibilities for
dealing with all humanitarian aspects
of emergencies, in particular
preparedness, response and recovery in
order to lessen the impact of disasters.
It means that all such measures should
be taken so that hazard can not take
the form of disaster . Since we can not
prevent the coming of many natural
hazards, but can reduce their harmful
effects by proper management.
The system incorporates an “all
agencies” approach that involves all
levels of government, numerous
organisations and agencies as well as
Council is required under legislation to
form a Local Disaster Management
Group (LDMG). This
group is comprised of
representatives from a number of
agencies including Council, Police,
Emergency Services, Sate and
9. DISASTER MANAGEMENT
The Government of India (GOI), in recognition of the importance of Disaster Management as a
national priority, has set up a High-Powered Committee (HPC) in August 1999 and also a nation
committee after the Gujarat earthquake(2001), for making recommendations on the
preparation of Disaster Management plans and suggestion effective mitigation mechanisms.
On 23 December 2005, the Government of India enacted the Disaster Management Act, which
envisaged the creation of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), headed by the
10. Prime Minister, and State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) headed by respective Chief
Ministers, to spearhead and implement a holistic and integrated approach to Disaster
Management in India.
11. NDMA Vision
“To build a safer and disaster resilient India by a holistic, pro-active, technology driven and sustainable
development strategy that involves all stakeholders and fosters a culture of prevention, preparedness and
12. NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT
• The National Disaster Management Authority has been constituted under the
Disaster Management Act 2005.
Chairman : The Prime Minister of India
Vice-chairman : Cabinet Minister
Eight members with the status of Ministers of State.
Skills and expertise of the specialists are extensively used to address
disaster related issues.
13. A functional and operational infrastructure has been built, which is appropriate for
disaster management involving uncertainties coupled with desired plans of action.
Conceptually the organization is based on a ‘disaster divisions-cum-secretariat’
system. Each member of the Authority heads disaster-specific divisions for specific
disaster and functional domains. Each member has also been given the responsibility
of specified states and UTs for close interaction and coordination.
The NDMA Secretariat, headed by a Secretary, is responsible for providing
secretarial support and continuity. The Secretariat deals with mitigation,
preparedness, plans, reconstruction, community awareness and financial and
21. Natural Disaster Management- Government of India
• National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC) under Cabinet
• Crisis Management Group(CMG) under Central Relief Commissioner
• Group of Ministers, Group of Secretaries and High Level
22. GOI Departments for Disaster Management
Armed Forces-Ministry of Defence
Central Para Military Forces- Ministry of Home Affairs
International Response- Ministry of External Affairs
1. Rural Development, Drinking Water Supply Power, Telecom , Health, Urban dev.
2. Food & Public Distribution, Shipping
3. Surface Transport, Railways, Civil Aviation
4. Women & Child Development
5. Water Resources, Animal Husbandry
6. India Meteorological Department(IMD)
23. Nodal Agencies for Disaster Management
• Floods : Ministry of Water Resources, CWC
• Cyclones : Indian Meteorological Department
• Earthquakes : Indian Meteorological Department
• Epidemics : Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
• Avian Flu: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Agriculture and Animal
• Chemical Disasters : Ministry of Environment and Forests
• Industrial Disasters : Ministry of Labour
• Rail Accidents : Ministry of Railways
• Air Accidents : Ministry of Civil Aviation
• Fire : Ministry of Home Affairs
• Nuclear Incidents : Department of Atomic Energy
• Mine Disasters : Department of Mines