an Accessible Online Presentation
Sheryl Burgstahler, University of Washington
Raja Kushalnagar, Gallaudet University
AccessComputing NSF Award CNS-2137312
How to Deliver
Consider ability on a continuum & not
necessarily related to disability
understand English, social norms
see the screen
quickly enter text
tune out distractions
manage physical/mental health
Keep in mind
Most disabilities are not obvious
Most people with
not disclose them &
We need a paradigm shift
from reactive to proactive design of
products & environments
from design for the “average” to
design for everyone
Once upon a time we already did it…
the design of products &
environments to be usable by all
people, to the greatest extent possible,
without the need for accommodations
The Center for Universal Design
UD applied to a presentation
Invite participants to request
Proactively design the presentation
to be accessible to people with a
wide range of abilities.
As attitude, framework, goal, & process, UD:
Values diversity, equity, & inclusion
Promotes best practices & does not lower
Is proactive & can be implemented
Serves to benefit everyone
Minimizes the need for accommodations
Zayn Anthony Jesse Hadi
• Zayn: Caption videos
• Anthony: Offer content that uses the keyboard alone
• Jesse: Use text format
• Hadi: Use text format+ structure headings, lists; offer
describe content in images & destination of hyperlinks
Become familiar with accessibility features of
your online system.
Share relevant accessibility information with
In promotional materials
tell how to request
slides & materials.
Use wheelchair accessible
space with wide, clear aisles,
& multiple places for
wheelchair-users to sit.
Offer microphones for
audience (otherwise, repeat
Use a high contrast color scheme & large
san serif font & plenty of white space
Keep text brief & graphics simple.
Do not require participants to distinguish
Use captioned videos.
Use simple, non-
Present content in multiple ways.
Let participants engage in multiple ways
(e.g., polls, small groups, chat, Google doc)
Speak all critical content on
slides, including images.
Use plain English.
Spell out acronyms; explain jargon.
Turn on captions in conferencing software.
Use captioned videos.
Provide accessibly designed slides,
handouts, web resources.
In evaluation, ask for disability status &
feedback about accessibility.
Specific issues for participants or presenters
who are deaf or hard of hearing
Diversity of Experience = Diversity of
• Deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) people’s needs are very diverse!
– What works for one person may not work for others
• DHH people want flexibility and a wide array of information and
Hard of Hearing
Wants pawn term, dare
worsted ladle gull hoe lift
wetter murder inner ladle
cordage, honor itch offer lodge
dock florist. Disk ladle gull
orphan worry ladle cluck wetter
putty ladle rat hut, an fur disk
raisin pimple colder Ladle Rat
Once upon a time, there was a
little girl who lived with her
mother in a little cottage on the
edge of a large dark forest.
This little girl often wore a little
cloak with a pretty little red hat,
and for this reason people
called her Little Red Riding