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Cognitive theory ppt

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Cognitive theory ppt

  1. 1. Cognitive Theory Created by Marisa
  2. 2. Allan Paivio Proposed that presenting information in both visual and verbal form enhances recall and recognition (Shelly, Gunter, & Gunter, 2012). Dual Coding Theory: assumes that people process information in two different ways; processing of images and processing of languages. (Shelly, et al., 2012).
  3. 3. Robert Gagne Came up with 5 categories of learning (Shelly, et al., 2012).1. Verbal Information: can state what has been heard2. Intellectual Skills: can discriminate between facts and follow directions3. Cognitive Strategies: reads books4. Motor Skills: can use a mouse5. Attitudes: learners enjoy reading
  4. 4. Howard Gardner Theory of multiple Intelligences Gardner has identified 8 intelligences: linguistic, logical, spatial, kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist He believes that an individual is capable of having all 8 intelligences, but some intelligences will be more dominant than others (Shelly, et al., 2012).
  5. 5. Benjamin Bloom Shelly (2012) says that Bloom defined the cognitive domain as a students’ intellectual level, in other words, what students know and how they organize ideas and thoughts. From Bloom’s research, he concluded that every child has the ability to learn.
  6. 6. Key Points of the Theory Shelly (2012) stated that, “According to the cognitive theory, activities like thinking and remembering seem like a behavior, thus providing an avenue to use behavior analysis to measure their effect on learning”(p.261). Atherton (2011) says cognitive theory is interested in how people understand material. Aptitude and capacity to learn
  7. 7. Classroom Implications Students need to stray away from lecturing and get the students to actively participate. Teachers should understand and incorporate different learning styles. Each student has a different type of intelligence. They should use their dominant intelligence, while also working to improve their non dominant intelligences.
  8. 8. What I think about the Theory As a teacher I will incorporate cognitive learning into my lesson plans. I believe that students gain from classroom participation. I will find ways to incorporate different learning styles to benefit every child. I strongly stress this theory over behaviorism. Students are NOT just “programmed animals” that merely respond to environmental stimuli.
  9. 9. References – Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Cognitive theories of learning [On- line: UK] retrieved 12 November 2012 from http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/cog nitive.htm – Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology in a Connected World (7th Ed.), Shelly, Cashman, Gunter, and Gunter (2012).
  10. 10. Photo Resources http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons1. Taken by Aban Nesta taken on December 21, 20062. Taken by Kerry Ball on August 15, 20083. Taken by Nikki Jane on July 17, 2008