EFFECTIVE PARTICIPATION IN REDD+ DECISION-MAKING IN CAMEROON: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES Cécile Ndjebet & Augustine Njamnshi GFI-Cameroon Washington DC, May 2012
LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR PARTICIPATION• In general terms, Cameroon laws and regulations on Environment, Forestry, Mining and land use planning encourage participation of stakeholders in decision-making – Consultations – Public hearings for EIA – Composition of Boards – Village Community forests management Committees – Village Paysan Forest Committees – Village Hunting Committees
Challenges of Participation in Practice• Challenges in national level processes – Legal requirements for participation in policy-making focus on individual consultation meetings – Emphasis on informing rather than getting stakeholder feedback – Lack of clear procedures for carrying out consultations – No investment from MINFOF or MINEP to carry out effective consultations (e.g., capacity-building for staff, information systems) – Low capacity of communities to participate – Poor documentation of processes
• Challenges in local processes – Access to information to local people on land and forest titles attribution processes – Capacity for communities to effectively participate to the various processes : language barriers, representativeness – Poor documentation of processes Some examples: – R-PP process : selective invitations; tensions between stakeholders – Land reform process: since the announcement from the President of the Republic in January 2011, nothing is filtering from the ministry in charge to- date
Case study on participatory mapping forcommunity rights demarcation: UFA 09026
RISKS FOR REDD+• Lack of participation poses significant risks to: • Tenure and resource rights abuses • Elite capture of REDD process and benefits • Conflicts • Leakages • Failure of the whole REDD+ process
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR REDD+• Collaborate with civil society to conduct trainings and share information with communities• Strengthen existing procedures for consultation of local communities• Consider lessons learned from past experience with stakeholder platforms• Develop procedures to monitor the quality of participation processes for REDD+• Create a grievance mechanism in early stages of REDD+ discussions
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