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Fuzzy neizrazita logika uvod

  1. 1. 1(,=5$=,7$ /2*,.$ 3RMDP QHL]UD]LWH ORJLNH 1HL]UD]LWD ORJLND MH SURãLUHQMH NODVLþQH %RRORYH ORJLNH VSRVREQD XSRWUHEOMDYDWLNRQFHSW ³GMHORPLþQH´ LVWLQLWRVWL 6WDQGDUGQD ORJLND SRGUåDYD VDPR YULMHGQRVWLLVWLQLWRVWL ODå
  2. 2. L LVWLQD
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  11. 11. .DR SULPMHU PRåH VH X]HWL SRGMHOD PUHåQLK þYRURYD SR YUHPHQX RG]LYD WMGHILQLUDQMH YULMHGQRVWL DWULEXWD WUDMDQMD RG]LYD PUHåQRJ þYRUD 7DEOLFD
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  17. 17. NRMD LVND]DQD ULMHþLPD ]QDþL [ MH VSRU DNR MH YULMHPH RG]LYD YHüH RG PV DYULMHGQRãüX Y[
  18. 18. [ ! PV Y[
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  21. 21. ,YLFD $QD -DVQD DPLU 3HUR 6OLND *UDI RãWUH IXQNFLMH Y[
  22. 22. =D QHL]UD]LWL SRGVNXS GHILQLUDPR SULSDGQRVQX IXQNFLMX YULMHPH RG]LYD Y[
  23. 23. QDSULURGQLML QDþLQ NDR QHSUHNLQXWX IXQNFLMX 7DEOLFD 6OLND
  24. 24. 7DEOLFD 7DEOLFD QHSUHNLQXWH IXQNFLMH Y[
  25. 25. ýYRU PV Y[
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  30. 30. .DR ãWR MH YLGOMLYR QD VOLFL QHSUHNLQXWD IXQNFLMD Y[
  31. 31. GDMH GDOHNR NRULVQLMLRSLV EU]LQH RG]LYD PUHåQRJ þYRUD NRMLP VH PRJX GDYDWL L XVSRUHGEH V GUXJLPDWULEXWLPD WM GRQRVLWL RFMHQH 3ULND] QHL]UD]LWLK VNXSRYD 1HL]UD]LWL VNXSRYL VH X UDþXQDOLPD SULND]XMX NDR SROMD YDULMDELOQLK LOL ]DGDQLKGXåLQD 2YLVQR R REOLNX JUDID SULSDGQRVQH IXQNFLMH NRULVWH VH UD]OLþLWH PHWRGHL]JUDGQMH QHL]UD]LWLK VNXSRYD 5D]OLNXMHPR QHNROLNR JUXSD QHL]UD]LWLK VNXSRYD SRREOLNX 7DEOLFD
  32. 32. 3ULND] REOLND RYLVL R DODWX NRML VH NRULVWL 8RELþDMHQR MH GD VHGRPHQD VNXSD VHJPHQWLUD L QD SRMHGLQLP VHJPHQWLPD GD VH YULMHGQRVW IXQNFLMHSULSDGQRVWL DSURNVLPLUD ILNVQLP L]QRVRP LOL OLQHDUQRP DSURNVLPDFLMRP SUHPD UXEQLPYULMHGQRVWLPD 3RGMHOD VH RELþQR YUãL QD VHJPHQDWD SD GRPHQH VNXSRYD QH VPLMXELWL SUHYHOLNH ]ERJ SUHFL]QRVWL DSURNVLPDFLMH
  33. 33. 7DEOLFD 2EOLFL QHL]UD]LWLK SRGVNXSRYD 2EOLN 2SLV =YRQROLNL JUDI L]JOHGD NDR ]YRQROLND NULYXOMD 3, LOL %(7$ NULYXOMD
  34. 34. 6LJPD UDVWXüD LOL SDGDMXüD VLJPD NULYXOMD /LQHDUQL JUDI MH SULEOLåQR SUDYDF UDVWXüL LOL SDGDMXüL 6ORERGQD VHULMD JUDI QHPD QHNL SUDYLODQ REOLN 6NXS SUDYLOD MH RELþQR RQR ãWR MH LQWXLWLYQR MDVQR R VXVWDYX D REOLN VNXSRYD LSULGMHYL NRML SRGHãDYDMX SUDYLOD XWYU XMX VH NUR] UD]YRM QHL]UD]LWRJ VXVWDYD 8 RYRPUDGX QDMYLãH VX NRULãWHQL WURNXWDVWL VNXSRYL ]D RSLV QHL]UD]LWLK EURMHYD WH VORERGQHVHULMH NRG NUHLUDQMD VNXSRYD NRML RSLVXMX SULURGQR SRQDãDQMH QHNH YHOLþLQH /RJLþNH RSHUDFLMH QD QHL]UD]LWLP SRGVNXSRYLPD 0RJXüH VX L ORJLþNH RSHUDFLMH QD QHL]UD]WLWLP VNXSRYLPD HILQLFLMH ORJLþNLKRSHUDFLMD VX MHGQRVWDYQH L VWDQGDUGL]LUDQH VX QD LVWLQD QH [
  35. 35. LVWLQD[
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  39. 39. LVWLQD $ LOL %
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  64. 64. •Ã PDOR YULMHPH RG]LYD•Ã VUHGQMH YULMHPH RG]LYD•Ã YHOLNR YULMHPH RG]LYD 7H VH YDULMDEOH GHILQLUDMX SUHNR QRYLK IXQNFLMD 3ULPMHQD OLQJYLVWLþNLK YDULMDEOLRPRJXüXMH SLVDQMH SUDYLOD JRWRYR X JRYRUQRP MH]LNX 2GDWOH MH L QD]LY OLQJYLVWLþNDYDULMDEOD 6DPD VHJPHQWDFLMD VH RVQLYD QD YHü RSLVDQRP SRVWXSNX L]JUDGQMHYULMHGQRVWL ]D QHL]UD]LWH VNXSRYH SXWHP DSURNVLPDFLMH YULMHGQRVWL VNXSD QD VHJPHQWXGRPHQH VNXSD
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  67. 67. SULSDGQRVQH IXQNFLMH L QD WDM QDþLQSRMDþDYDMX LOL VODEH ]QDþHQMH VNXSD 7DEOLFD
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  69. 69. 7DEOLFD 9H]D RJUDGH L PRJXüH PDWHPDWLþNH RSHUDFLMH2JUDGD =QDþHQMH QXPHULþNL RSLV$%287 NRG ‘$5281 RNR ‘ $%29( L]QDG YHüH RG JUDQLFH326,7,9( VLJXUQR YHüH RG JUDQLFH%(/2: LVSRG PDQMH RG JUDQLFH*(1(5$// RSüHQLWR RNR JUDQLFH L L]QDG JUDQLFH/26( EOL]X ‘ ‘ 127 QH LQYHUWLUDQR620(:+$7 QHNDNR XVND RNROLQD9(5 MDNR XVND RNROLQD QDNRQ YULMHGQRVWL(;75(0(/ HNVWUHPQR VXåHQMH VNXSD QD ãLULQH6/,*+7/ QH]QDWQR ‘$)7(5 QDNRQ VYH QDNRQ%()25( SULMH VYH SULMH58( X JUXER ‘ 528*+/ SULEOLåQR ‘ ,DNR VH X]LPD GD VX RJUDGH VWDQGDUGL]LUDQH RQH RYLVH R SUREOHPX QD NRML VHQHL]UD]LWD ORJLND SULPMHQMXMH 7RþQR SRGHãDYDQMH QMLKRYH YULMHGQRVWL SRVWLåH VH XSRVWXSNX SRGHãDYDQMD PRGHOD 2;B 6,/(B 1HL]UD]LWL EURMHYL 3RMDP QHL]UD]LWRJ EURMD HQJO IX]] QXPEHU
  70. 70. MH YUOR YDåDQ X RYRP UDGX1HL]UD]LWL EURM PRåH VH MHGQRVWDYQR GHILQLUDWL NDR EURM þLML MH VWYDUQL L]QRV QHVLJXUDQ5DGL VH R QDþLQX GD VH RSLãH RNROLQD QHNRJ EURMD D RELþQR VH NRULVWL ]DMHGQR X]RJUDGH ,]UD] RNR MH SULPMHU ]D QHL]UD]LWR SUHGVWDYOMDQMH EURMD 2NROLQD L WLSSULSDGQRVQH IXQNFLMH X]LPDMX VH RYLVQR R WLSX SUREOHPD X þLMHP VH NRQWHNVWXQHL]UD]LWL EURM NRULVWL REUD SRþHWQD DSURNVLPDFLMD MH WURNXWQL VNXS X] JUDQLFH ‘6OLND
  71. 71. ãWR RGJRYDUD GHILQLFLML RJUDGH RNR 1DþLQ SULND]D QHL]UD]LWRJ EURMD MDNR RYLVL R XSRUDEL WRJ EURMD 5D]QL DXWRULSUHSRUXþXMX LOL WURNXWDVWL VNXS 6,/(B LOL ]YRQROLNL VNXS 2;B 2GDELU RYLVL RWRPH GD OL VH UDGL R VWDWLþNRP XVSRUH LYDQMX EURMD L YHü SRVWRMHüHJ VNXSD LOL RXVSRUH LYDQMX GYDMX EURMHYD GLQDPLþNL =D GLQDPLþNL VOXþDM WURNXWDVWL VNXS MH EROML]ERJ PDQMH VORåHQRVWL D WRþQRVW MH SULEOLåQR LVWD
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  73. 73. 3UDYLOD X QHL]UD]LWLP HNVSHUWLPD VX MHGQDND SUDYLOLPD X RVWDOLP HNVSHUWLPDRELþQR VX REOLND DNRBMH ; PDOR L YHOLNR
  74. 74. RQGD MH = VUHGQMH
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