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How to prepare for Ramadan
YOUSUF SULTAN
Deputy Mufti, Jamia Shariyyah Malibag
S E M I N A R A R R A N G E D @ I S L A M I...
Outline
 What is Ramadan?
 Why is Ramadan special?
 Taqwa
 What is Taqwa
 Taqwa – an example
 Virtues of Fasting and...
What is Ramadan
 9th month in a Hijri calendar.
Why is Ramadan
special?
Why is Ramadan special?
1. Al-Qur’an has been revealed:
ِ‫َّاس‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ِّ‫ل‬ ‫ى‬ً‫د‬ُ‫ى‬ ُ‫ن‬‫آ‬ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫يو‬ِ‫ف‬ َ...
Why is Ramadan special?
2. Fasting has been made Fardh.
ُ‫و‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ص‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ه‬َّ‫الش‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫د‬ِ‫ه‬...
Why is Ramadan special?
2. Fasting has been made Fardh.
 Through fasting, one can learn Taqwa, and be a
Muttaqi.
ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك...
What is Taqwa?
 In Al-Qur’an the word Taqwa came with several
meanings:
 Tawheed & Eemaan
 Ikhlaas
 Ibaadah
 Khashyah...
What is Taqwa?
 Taqwa teaches us to obey Allah in all his orders and
prohibitions.
 And it is the ultimate purpose of a ...
Taqwa – an example
 Once, a servant of Abu Bakr [Ra] came to him with some food, and he ate
some of it. Abu Bakr [Ra] use...
Taqwa through fasting
 Allah, the Majestic and the Exalted, said: Every act of
the son of Adam is for him except fasting....
Why is Ramadan special?
3. Laylatul Qadr:
‫﴿القدر‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬ ِ‫ِف‬ ُ‫اه‬َ‫ْن‬‫ل‬َ‫َنز‬‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َّ...
Virtues of Fasting &
other Ibaadahs
during Ramadan
Virtues of Fasting
 Allah, the Majestic and the Exalted, said: Every act of the son of
Adam is for him except fasting. It...
Virtues of Fasting
 In Paradise there is a gate which is called Rayyan through
which only the people who fast would enter...
Virtues of Fasting
 Every servant of Allah who observes fast for a day in the way
of Allah, Allah would remove, because o...
Virtues of other Ibadah during Ramadan
 Suhur:
 "Take Suhur as there is a barakah in it.“
 Sahih al-Bukhari 1923
 Arra...
Virtues of other Ibadah during Ramadan
 Prayer at night
 "Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan
faith...
Virtues of other Ibadah during Ramadan
 Reciting Qur’an and Charity
 The Prophet ( ‫ﷺ‬) was the most generous of all the...
Virtues of other Ibadah during Ramadan
 Dua
 “There are three whose supplication is not rejected: The
fasting person whe...
Protection from
committing sins
Protection from committing sins
 Fasting is a shield or protection from the
fire and from committing sins. If one of
you ...
Protection from committing sins
 "Whoever does not give up false
statements (i.e. telling lies), and evil
deeds, and spea...
Protection from committing sins
 “There are people who fast and get
nothing from their fast except hunger,
and there are ...
The Ramadan of Our
Pious Predecessors
The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors
 The companions of our Prophet used to give special
preference to the Quran during ...
The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors
 ‘When Ramadhan started Sufyan Athawri used to
leave all acts of worship and turn t...
The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors
 A typical day of Uthman Ibn Affan in Ramadhan was
fasting during the day time and ...
The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors
 When the time of iftaar arrived, they used to race in feeding
the poor and the unf...
Ramadan Checklist
Ramadan Checklist - Dos
1. Pray all 5 daily prayers, and on time
2. Recite, learn and understand Qur’an
3. Read the biogra...
Ramadan Checklist - Dos
6. Make lots of Duas, for self and others
7. Arrange Iftaar for the observers of fasting
8. Pay Za...
Ramadan Checklist – Don’ts
1. No eating or drinking while fasting
2. No smoking
3. No swearing or lying or bad word
4. No ...
Ramadan Checklist
 Don’t waste time. Try to get the most out of
Ramadan. Each and every moment is precise
 Don’t waste t...
Summary
 What is Ramadan?
 Why is Ramadan special?
 Taqwa
 What is Taqwa
 Taqwa – an example
 Virtues of Fasting and...
Questions?
Download/ Share
the presentation
Slideshare:
http://www.slideshare.net/yousufs/how-to-
prepare-for-ramadan
Dropbox:
http:/...
Thank you.
Yousuf Sultan
Deputy Mufti, Jamia Shariyyah Malibag
E-mail: myousufs@gmail.com
Web: www.yousufsultan.com
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How to prepare for ramadan

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Ramdan is the most important month for a Muslim. It comes with endless opportunities to earn rewards and to purify one's self. This presentation highlights the virtues of Ramadan, and the ways to protection from committing sins during Ramadan.

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How to prepare for ramadan

  1. 1. How to prepare for Ramadan YOUSUF SULTAN Deputy Mufti, Jamia Shariyyah Malibag S E M I N A R A R R A N G E D @ I S L A M I C U N I V E R S I T Y O F T E C H N O L O G Y ( I U T ) , 2 5 T H J U N E , 2 0 1 4
  2. 2. Outline  What is Ramadan?  Why is Ramadan special?  Taqwa  What is Taqwa  Taqwa – an example  Virtues of Fasting and other Ibadahs in Ramadan  Protection from committing sins  The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors  Ramadan Checklist – Dos & Don’ts
  3. 3. What is Ramadan  9th month in a Hijri calendar.
  4. 4. Why is Ramadan special?
  5. 5. Why is Ramadan special? 1. Al-Qur’an has been revealed: ِ‫َّاس‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ِّ‫ل‬ ‫ى‬ً‫د‬ُ‫ى‬ ُ‫ن‬‫آ‬ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫يو‬ِ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬ِ‫ز‬‫ُن‬‫أ‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ض‬َ‫م‬َ‫ر‬ ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫ش‬‫ات‬َ‫ن‬ِّ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬َ‫و‬ٰ‫ى‬َ‫د‬ُْ‫ْل‬‫ا‬ َ‫ن‬ّ ِ‫م‬ ‫﴿البقرة‬ ِ‫ان‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬:١٨٥﴾  The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Qur'an was revealed as guidance for mankind, and as clear signs that show the right way and distinguish between right and wrong. [2:185]
  6. 6. Why is Ramadan special? 2. Fasting has been made Fardh. ُ‫و‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ص‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ه‬َّ‫الش‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫د‬ِ‫ه‬َ‫ش‬ ‫ن‬َ‫م‬َ‫ف‬‫﴿البقرة‬:١٨٥﴾  So those of you who witness the month must fast in it. [2:185]
  7. 7. Why is Ramadan special? 2. Fasting has been made Fardh.  Through fasting, one can learn Taqwa, and be a Muttaqi. ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ل‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ب‬ِ‫ت‬ُ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ك‬ُ‫ام‬َ‫ي‬ِّ‫الص‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ب‬ِ‫ت‬ُ‫ك‬‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫آم‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُّ‫َي‬‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ ‫﴿البقرة‬ َ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬َّ‫ت‬َ‫ت‬:١٨٣﴾  O you who believe, the fasts have been enjoined upon you as they were enjoined upon those before you, so that you may be Muttaqun (God-fearing). [2:183]
  8. 8. What is Taqwa?  In Al-Qur’an the word Taqwa came with several meanings:  Tawheed & Eemaan  Ikhlaas  Ibaadah  Khashyah (fear of Allah)  Leaving sins  In other words:  Fearing Allah SWT, obedience to whatever He has ordered, and avoiding whatever He has forbidden.
  9. 9. What is Taqwa?  Taqwa teaches us to obey Allah in all his orders and prohibitions.  And it is the ultimate purpose of a human life, to do ibaadah. ﴿ ِ‫ون‬ُ‫د‬ُ‫ب‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬ َّ‫َّل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫نس‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ َّ‫ن‬ِْ‫ْل‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬‫يات‬‫ر‬‫الذا‬:٥٦﴾  I did not create the Jinns and the human beings except for the purpose that they should worship Me. [51:56]
  10. 10. Taqwa – an example  Once, a servant of Abu Bakr [Ra] came to him with some food, and he ate some of it. Abu Bakr [Ra] used to ask the servant each time about the origin of the food before eating, but this time he forgot to do so. The servant then asked him, "Why did you not ask me where this food came from?" Abu Bakr [Ra] returned, "From where?" The servant responded, "I practiced fortune telling in the times of Jaahiliyyah (the Period of Ignorance before Islam) for some people and they paid me for it (today)." On hearing this, Abu Bakr [Ra] put his finger into his mouth and forced himself to vomit up the food, until there was nothing left in his stomach. Then, he said, “By Allah, if getting this piece of bread out of my body meant my death, I would have got it out.”
  11. 11. Taqwa through fasting  Allah, the Majestic and the Exalted, said: Every act of the son of Adam is for him except fasting. It is done for My sake, and I will give a reward for it. By Allah in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the breath of the observer of fast is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk.  Sahih Muslim: 1151  'He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake.'  Sahih al-Bukhari: 1894
  12. 12. Why is Ramadan special? 3. Laylatul Qadr: ‫﴿القدر‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬ ِ‫ِف‬ ُ‫اه‬َ‫ْن‬‫ل‬َ‫َنز‬‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬:١﴾  We have sent it (the Qur'an) down in the Night of Qadr. [97:1] 4. Endless opportunities to earn rewards.  "When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of the (Hell) Fire are closed, and the devils are chained.“  Sahih al-Bukhari: 3277
  13. 13. Virtues of Fasting & other Ibaadahs during Ramadan
  14. 14. Virtues of Fasting  Allah, the Majestic and the Exalted, said: Every act of the son of Adam is for him except fasting. It is done for My sake, and I will give a reward for it. By Allah in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the breath of the observer of fast is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk.  Sahih Muslim: 1151  There are two pleasures for a fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other when he’ll meet his lord.  Sahih al-Bukhari 7492
  15. 15. Virtues of Fasting  In Paradise there is a gate which is called Rayyan through which only the people who fast would enter on the Day on Resurrection. None else would enter along with them. It would be proclaimed: Where are the people who fast that they should be admitted into it? And when the last of them would enter, it would be closed and no one would enter it.  Sahih Muslim 1152
  16. 16. Virtues of Fasting  Every servant of Allah who observes fast for a day in the way of Allah, Allah would remove, because of this day, his face farther from the Fire (of Hell) to the extent of seventy years' distance.  Sahih Muslim: 1153  "Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah's rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven."  Sahih al-Bukhari: 38
  17. 17. Virtues of other Ibadah during Ramadan  Suhur:  "Take Suhur as there is a barakah in it.“  Sahih al-Bukhari 1923  Arranging iftaar for someone who is fasting:  "Whoever provides the food for a fasting person to break his fast with, then for his is the same reward as his (the fasting person's), without anything being diminished from the reward of the fasting person.“  Jami` at-Tirmidhi 807
  18. 18. Virtues of other Ibadah during Ramadan  Prayer at night  "Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven.”  Sahih al-Bukhari 37  Umrah:  "Umrah during Ramadan is equal to Hajj."  Jami` at-Tirmidhi 939
  19. 19. Virtues of other Ibadah during Ramadan  Reciting Qur’an and Charity  The Prophet ( ‫ﷺ‬) was the most generous of all the people, and he used to become more generous in Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night during Ramadan to revise the Qur'an with him. Allah's Messenger ( ‫ﷺ‬) then used to be more generous than the fast wind  Sahih al-Bukhari 3554
  20. 20. Virtues of other Ibadah during Ramadan  Dua  “There are three whose supplication is not rejected: The fasting person when he breaks his fast, the just leader, and the supplication of the oppressed person; Allah raises it up above the clouds and opens the gates of heaven to it. And the Lord says: ‘By My might, I shall surely aid you, even if it should be after a while.’”  Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3598
  21. 21. Protection from committing sins
  22. 22. Protection from committing sins  Fasting is a shield or protection from the fire and from committing sins. If one of you is fasting, he should avoid sexual relation with his wife and quarreling, and if somebody should fight or quarrel with him, he should say, 'I am fasting.'  Sahih al-Bukhari 1904
  23. 23. Protection from committing sins  "Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies), and evil deeds, and speaking bad words to others, Allah is not in need of his (fasting) leaving his food and drink."  Sahih al-Bukhari 6057
  24. 24. Protection from committing sins  “There are people who fast and get nothing from their fast except hunger, and there are those who pray and get nothing from their prayer but a sleepless night.”  Ibn Majah 1690
  25. 25. The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors
  26. 26. The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors  The companions of our Prophet used to give special preference to the Quran during the holy month of Ramadhan. It is said that Uthman bin Affan used to finish the recitation of the whole Quran once everyday.  It is also said that Ibn Umar used to cry very much when he read the Quran. One day while he was reading Suratul Mutaffin, it is said that when he reached the verse - “The Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)?” (83:6) – he cried so hard that he was overwhelmed and could not read the Quran anymore.
  27. 27. The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors  ‘When Ramadhan started Sufyan Athawri used to leave all acts of worship and turn to Quran’  ‘Sa’aid Ibnu Jubeyr used to finish the whole recitation of Quran in two nights’  ‘Malik ibn Anas used to run from all circles of knowledge when Ramadhan started and turned instead to the recitation of Quran’  ‘Zahriy used to say when Ramadan started, ‘Indeed it’s the recitation of Quran and feeding the poor’.
  28. 28. The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors  A typical day of Uthman Ibn Affan in Ramadhan was fasting during the day time and prayer and prostration at night ‘(Sunan al-bayhaqi 4/301). And Uthman bin Affan was also killed while he was fasting. (Al-hilyah 1/55)  Their day was full of supplications and free from vain talks. Jabir Bin Abdullah said, ‘When you fast then let your ears, eyes and your tongue fast from false statement and bad deeds. And be calm and don’t let the day your fasting and the day you are not fasting be the same’ (Ibnu abi sheyba 2/422)
  29. 29. The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors  When the time of iftaar arrived, they used to race in feeding the poor and the unfortunate. It’s narrated that Ibnu Umar used to break his fast with the poor people and if a poor person came to him asking for food while he was eating he used to give him his portion.’.
  30. 30. Ramadan Checklist
  31. 31. Ramadan Checklist - Dos 1. Pray all 5 daily prayers, and on time 2. Recite, learn and understand Qur’an 3. Read the biography of Prophet Muhammad SM 4. Pray at night, Taraweeh & Qiyamul Layl 5. Search for Laylatul Qadr the last 10 nights of Ramadan
  32. 32. Ramadan Checklist - Dos 6. Make lots of Duas, for self and others 7. Arrange Iftaar for the observers of fasting 8. Pay Zakat if unpaid 9. Give charity and help the poor 10. Smile 
  33. 33. Ramadan Checklist – Don’ts 1. No eating or drinking while fasting 2. No smoking 3. No swearing or lying or bad word 4. No arguing or fighting 5. No physical intimacy
  34. 34. Ramadan Checklist  Don’t waste time. Try to get the most out of Ramadan. Each and every moment is precise  Don’t waste the virtuous nights by watching World Cup matches, playing video games or watching movies and listening to songs.
  35. 35. Summary  What is Ramadan?  Why is Ramadan special?  Taqwa  What is Taqwa  Taqwa – an example  Virtues of Fasting and other Ibadahs in Ramadan  Protection from committing sins  The Ramadan of Our Pious Predecessors  Ramadan Checklist – Dos & Don’ts
  36. 36. Questions?
  37. 37. Download/ Share the presentation Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/yousufs/how-to- prepare-for-ramadan Dropbox: http://goo.gl/YU3714
  38. 38. Thank you. Yousuf Sultan Deputy Mufti, Jamia Shariyyah Malibag E-mail: myousufs@gmail.com Web: www.yousufsultan.com

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