Complimentary health practices. chapt 5

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Complimentary Health Practices,[object Object],Chapter 5,[object Object]
Traditional Healing Practices,[object Object],Methods are not alternatives, but are common.,[object Object],They do not work for HIV treatments.,[object Object],These methods are used in many poorer region where adequate health care is out of reach due to high costs.,[object Object],Many immigrant woman in North America use healing traditions from their mothers.,[object Object],Some Black people in America practice root work.,[object Object],Many Native Americans have maintained  traditional healing methods.  ,[object Object],Some Puerto Ricans practice espiritismo.,[object Object],Mexicans in America practice curanderismo.,[object Object],Many Haitians practice vodoun and ,[object Object],Hmoung folk practices. ,[object Object]
Why We Choose Complimentary Health Therapies,[object Object],More women than men use complementary health therapies,[object Object],Reasons for using complementary health practices with conventional ones.,[object Object],- Belief that these therapies are gentler, safer, and more effective.   ,[object Object],-They are less expensive,[object Object],Many women combine complementary health practices with conventional medicines.,[object Object]
Traditional and Complementary Approaches,[object Object],Herbal Medicine is also known as botanical medicine or phytomedicine(phyto is Greek for plant),[object Object],It has been used for over centuries,[object Object],Has been used in almost all cultures,[object Object],Concentrated herbal extracts at health food stores are very expensive.,[object Object],Herbs can be grown at home,[object Object],Quality of herbal preparations sold in the U.S. are inconsistent,[object Object],FDA issued quality control guidelines to manufacturers, which are voluntary.,[object Object],Herbalists in the U.S. are not certified, but can belong to the American Herbalists Guild.,[object Object],Most common herbal medicines used in the U.S. are,[object Object],       - Echinacea is used for cold sand respiratory symptoms,[object Object],       - St. John Wort is used for depression, ginkgo dementia, garlic preparations  for cardiovascular risk   ,[object Object],        factors.,[object Object],It’s important to research, before taking, because some are benign and some are not,[object Object],Research continues to evaluate the safety and efficiency of herbal medicines.,[object Object]
Acupuncture,[object Object],Component of Chinese medicine,[object Object],It includes a complex system of,[object Object],        herbal medicine, diet, exercise, and ,[object Object],        tuina ( a form of massage) ,[object Object],In traditional Chinese medicine ,[object Object],        symptoms are attributed to alterations in the flow of qi           ,[object Object],        (energy) by trauma, stress, disease, other factors.,[object Object],Acupuncture stimulates points along nonanatomic energy meridians to attract, disperse, or unblock the flow of qi.,[object Object],Treatment includes hair-thin stainless steel needles inserted into acupuncture points.,[object Object],        -Person may feel a prick, tingling, numbness, pain, or nothing,[object Object],       -Two to fifteen needles are used and they are mostly placed in the hands,   ,[object Object],          forearms, lower legs, feet, back, abdomen, and ears.,[object Object],        -Needles may be placed far from the symptomatic area.,[object Object],Acupuncture is effective in post operative nausea, morning sickness, recurrent headache, postoperative pain after dental treatment, and temporomandibular joint pain (TMJ) .  ,[object Object],Serious complications can be inadequately sterilized needles leading to infections of Hepatitis and other infections. Only disposable needles should be used. ,[object Object],Non-physician acupuncturists are licensed or certified in more than 40 states and the Dis. of Columbia,[object Object],The national exam can be taken by the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.,[object Object],Insurance pay for visits.,[object Object]
Spinal Adjustment,[object Object],Causes for pain or restricted motions include,[object Object],Both osteopaths and chiropractors use spinal adjustment to optimize body functioning.,[object Object],Controversies exist in chiropractic techniques.,[object Object],Studies have shown similar outcomes as medical treatment.,[object Object],Chiropractors  are trained at chiropractic colleges and are not physicians.,[object Object],Some chiropractors restrict their practice to spinal adjustments,[object Object],Chiropractors are licensed in every state.,[object Object],Insurance usually covers chiropractic care.,[object Object],*Many woman visit osteopaths or  chiropractors for musculoskeletal problems or for preventive health care.,[object Object],*Both osteopaths and chiropractors use spinal adjustment to optimize body functioning.,[object Object],*Doctors of osteopathy are physicians licensed to do everything that M.D.’s do.,[object Object]
More Traditional & Complimentary Approaches,[object Object],Bodywork,[object Object],Used to relax, reduce tension, or relieve pain,[object Object],Physical manipulation and movement education are combined to realign the body and establish ease of movement.  ,[object Object],Rolfing is deep manipulation of the fascia.,[object Object],Different techniques include Alexander technique, Feldenkrais, and Hellerwork,[object Object],Some methods are practiced one-on-one with a practitioner. ,[object Object],Feldonkrais and Alexander technique can be taught in groups. ,[object Object]
Massage,[object Object],Touching is a natural way to communicate and offer of comfort and an effective form of treatment.,[object Object],Massage can be done with hands, thumbs, feet, massage ball, and other instruments.,[object Object],Massages can be done by ourselves, family, friends, or a trained practitioner.,[object Object], Swedish massage is used in North America, using long gliding strokes, friction, and kneading.,[object Object],Ayurvedic massage uses oil and gentle strokes.,[object Object],Shiatsu massage uses pressure at specific energy points.,[object Object],Some massaging is done while one is clothed and others may be done with oils, and receiver partially or fully nude.,[object Object],Effective massage will relax the body.,[object Object],Practitioners sometimes include visualization and aromatherapy (use of essential oils made from flowers and herbs.,[object Object],Studies show that massage is helpful for back pain, lyphodema, and post breast cancer surgery.,[object Object],Costs for massage range from $50 to $85 an hour. ,[object Object]
Types of Meditative Practices ,[object Object],Meditation: the intentional paying attention from moment to moment.  Attaining a different level of consciousness or a deeper more gratifying state of relaxation.,[object Object],-People meditate to feel calm, diminish stress  ,[object Object],or pain, get through crisis, or to engage in ,[object Object],spiritual practice. ,[object Object],-It can be done anywhere and in any position.,[object Object],Yoga includes asanas (physical poses) and pranayama (breathing exercises),[object Object],-Different forms is taught in the U.S.,[object Object],-Some emphasize on exercising and some breathing,[object Object],-Sometimes used for carpal tunnel and osteoarthritis ,[object Object],-Benefits come from efforts rather than reaching the goal.,[object Object],T’ai Chi is a form of Chinese martial arts intended to balance the flow ,[object Object],       of energy.,[object Object],-It uses gentle, flowing, and graceful  body movements, while ,[object Object],         centering the mind.,[object Object],-It is usually available through the Y or community health centers. ,[object Object],Relaxation releases tension and focus the energy of our minds and bodies.,[object Object],-Progressive relaxation training: leaning to relax muscle groups ,[object Object],-Visualization is imagining an object, scene, or process, which has been ,[object Object],         used to calm women in labor.,[object Object]
Dance and movement therapies,[object Object],[object Object]
It is considered a vital cultural and spiritual component of community.
Some dances are ancestral or indigenous forms of dance such as Hawaiian, African, and Native American.
It develops spiritual and physical well-being.
Dance can also be a formal mode of healing.
It addresses our physical body, emotions, mental attitude, and relationship with the world.
Dance therapists observe and dance along side the patient. ,[object Object]
Energy Healing,[object Object],“Therapeutic Touch is a secular form of energy healing in which the practitioner channels energy to help the healing process in another person.”,[object Object],The practice may not include touching.,[object Object],Techniques include the practitioner's hands moving along a person’s body in order to affect energy fields.  ,[object Object],This is practiced by nurses as well.,[object Object],Reiki and popularity therapy are ,[object Object],    other types of energy therapies.,[object Object]
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Complimentary health practices. chapt 5