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 Problem: U.S. consumers tend to be 
uneducated about the ingredients 
contained in the foods they feed 
themselves and their families. 
 Goal: Educate consumers about U.S. 
food additives and GMO use. Raise 
awareness for the need for GMO 
labeling of ingredients.
 3,000 food-bourne deaths per year 
mainly due to bacteria 
 FDA is responsible for food and drug 
safety 
 U.S. allows food ingredients that are 
banned in other developed countries 
 Ingredients can cause detrimental 
effects on human health 
 The use of GMO crops is damaging to 
the environment and not proven safe for 
human consumption
 Artificial food colorings 
 Olestra (aka Olean) 
 Brominated vegetable oil (BVO) 
 Potassium bromate (brominated flour) 
 Azodicarbonamide 
 BHA & BHT 
 Synthetic hormones (rBGH & rBST) 
 Arsenic 
 Diphenylamine (DPA) 
 Preservatives 
 Artificial sweeteners 
 Flavor enhancers
More than 3,000 food additives are 
added to U.S. foods
 Have increased drastically after the 1950’s 
› Additives add shelf life, taste and better appearance 
› Processing strips nutritional value (vitamins, minerals, fiber) from 
foods  Additives so the food is not bland / not appealing 
 Human health in the U.S. is much lower than other 
industrialized countries. 
 Could it be caused by the increase in toxic chemicals 
added to our foods?
 Inexpensive substitute for real sugar that comes from 
yellow corn 
 Primarily used to sweeten soft drinks 
 Added sugars in the diet from beverages can lead to 
weight gain vs. solid foods 
 Promotes insulin resistance and increases risk of diabetes 
 Causes cancer-cells to metastasize (spreading from one 
organ to another) 
 Increases risk of heart disease 
In 2006, the U.S. gave the corn 
industry almost $5 million in 
subsidies, allowing farmers to 
sell their crops at low costs, 
increasing HFCS in the U.S. 
food chain. (Donsky) 
http://foodidentitytheft.com/wp-content/uploads/foodwithHFCS.jpg
http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it 
• Listed as “hydrolyzed” 
• Raises triglycerides and 
LDL (bad cholesterol) 
• Increases risk of heart 
attack 
• Linked to prostate and 
breast cancer 
• Linked to Alzheimer’s 
disease, diabetes and 
obesity
http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it 
• Over 100 chemical artificial flavors used in the U.S. 
• Can cause allergic reactions 
• Can cause behavioral problems in children
http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it 
• Added for flavor enhancement 
• Causes chest pain, headaches, heart palpitations 
• Excited taste buds to make you eat more (food coma after chinese 
food?) 
• Causes neurological symptoms (decreased cognitive function)
• Most popular: Blue 1&2, Yellow 5&6, Green 3, Red 3&40, Orange B, 
Citrus red 2 
• Most are made from coal tar – used to make seal coatings for 
industrial floors and used to kill lice in lice shampoos 
• Found in cakes, candy, macaroni & cheese, medicines, sports drinks, 
sodas, pet food, cheese, among many others. 
• Banned in many countries 
• Causes brain cancer, tumors of the immune system, mutates healthy 
DNA 
http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it
 Aspartame – may 
cause cancer and 
neurological side 
effects (headaches, 
confusion, dizziness, 
memory loss, 
convulsions) 
 Acesulfame potassium 
– may cause cancer 
 Saccharin (Sweet-n-low) 
– may cause 
cancer 
 Sucralose (Splenda) 
http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it
• Found in the majority of packaged 
foods to increase shelf life 
• Cereals, butter, meats, beer, 
etc. 
• Sodium Benzoate – carcinogen 
• Sodium Nitrate – may cause cancer 
• BHA – cancer causing agent 
• BHT – organ system toxicity 
• TBHQ – may cause cancer 
• Polysorbate60,65, 80 – affects 
immune system function and may 
cause infertility 
• Alternatives: Rosemary and Sage 
http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it
http://www.healthcastle.com/banned-brominated-vegetable-oil-popular-drinks-and-soda 
 Found in sports drinks and citrus flavored sodas 
 Used to prevent flavor from separating 
 Competes with Iodine for receptor sites in the body 
 Bromine is a poisonous chemical – both corrosive and 
toxic 
 Can lead to thyroid, autoimmune diseases and cancer 
 BANNED IN OVER 100 COUNTRIES
 Made with corrosive and toxic Bromine 
 Used in rolls, wraps, breads, bagels 
 Strengthens the dough for faster baking 
times 
 Causes kidney and nervous system disorders 
 FDA “urges” bakers to avoid using it… 
http://foodidentitytheft.com/the-brominated-brothers-still-at-large-despite-a-bad-rap-sheet/
 Used in fat free potato 
chips 
 Causes digestive issues 
 Causes a dramatic 
depletion of fat soluble 
vitamins and nutrients 
 Banned in the UK and 
other countries http://funtoysfactory.com/pringles-fat-free
 Found in breads, 
frozen dinners, box 
pasta mixes, and 
packed baked goods 
 Most countries wait a 
week for flour to 
whiten, U.S. food 
processors prefer to 
chemically bleach 
flour ASAP 
 Linked to asthma 
 Primarily used in 
foamed plastics like 
yoga mats and 
sneaker soles 
http://hotmeme.net/post/2A3/subway-promises-to-remove-azodicarbonamide-from-their-bread-dough/
 Genetically engineered and used on cattle to 
increase milk production by 10% 
 Cows become lame, infertile and suffer from 
inflamed and infected udders 
 Linked to breast, colon and prostate cancer in 
humans who ingest dairy products 
http://whereismymilkfrom.com/blog/education/growth-hormones-dairy-cows-and-the-fda-oh-my/
 Permitted by the FDA for use in poultry feed to 
promote growth, improve efficiency in feeding 
birds and boost pigmentation of meat 
(Goyanes) 
 Can get passed down the food chain from the 
chicken to humans when consumed 
 EPA classified inorganic arsenic as a human 
carcinogen 
 Organic and inorganic arsenic is naturally 
occurring in the environment and elevated 
levels typically due to humans 
› Can be in drinking water 
› Can be in soil and leach into the food chain
 Found in apples, apple 
juice, applesauce, pears, 
baby food 
 Gives a glossy appearance 
to apples 
 Prevents brown or 
blackening of fruit 
 According to the European 
Food Safety Authority, DPA 
is poisonous because it 
breaks down into 
nitrosamines which are 
carcinogenic (Goyanes)
(Food Babe)
(Food Babe)
(Food Babe)
(Food Babe)
 Manufacturers use safer 
and better ingredients in 
their products in countries 
where harmful ingredients are banned. 
 Because the FDA has not banned these 
ingredients, manufacturers use them to 
save costs and increase shelf life of 
products at the expense of U.S. human 
health. 
 What can we do  EDUCATE
• Bacteria contain additional 
DNA which is circular known 
as a plasmid 
• Plasmids are shared between 
bacterial cells 
• Scientists can introduce 
specific genes from other 
organisms into certain types 
of plasmids 
• “engineered” plasmids are 
introduced into new 
organisms 
• The organism will express this 
new gene 
• THIS IS NOT A NATURAL 
PROCESS 
http://fhs-bio-wiki.pbworks.com/w/page/22957102/Recombinant%20DNA%20(plasmids)
http://naturalrevolution.org/list-of-countries-that-ban-gmo-crops-and-require-ge-food-labels/#FLKP3sGs22IhXwyy.99
 Plant GMOs are currently designed to either 
withstand herbicide treatment and/or 
naturally produce insecticide 
› The use of RoundUp has increased 15x since the 
introduction of GMOs 
› RoundUp is a toxic pollutant to the environment 
– soil and water 
› Introduction of “super weeds and bugs” that are 
adapting and changing the natural 
environment 
 GMOs are not currently engineered to be 
drought resistant, increase yield, enhance 
nutrition or any other consumer benefit
 The corporations producing 
GMOs are responsible for 
testing safety of GMOs also 
profit from them- How 
accurate are their tests and 
results? 
http://www.newparadigm.ws/gmo-an-unprecedented- 
agricultural-threat-to-life-and- 
humanity/
• Drastic decreases in spending 
• Is big pharma behind it? They make 
money off an unhealthy society. 
• Corporations are doing their own food 
and cosmetic safety tests… 
• The FDA approved the use of GMOs 
based on these tests.
 Concerned citizens, small businesses and 
other organizations are pushing for the 
movement toward food labeling 
 Labeling for GMOs at the state level is 
trying to be banned at the federal level 
 Vermont will have GMO labeling starting 
in 2016, CT and ME have passed 
mandates but will not go into effect until 
other states do the same
 Goal: 
Educate 
consumers 
about U.S. 
food 
additives 
and GMO 
use. Raise 
awareness 
for the need 
for GMO 
labeling of 
ingredients. 
http://personaltrainingrunawaybay.com/news/ 
http://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Regulation/Maine-House-backs-GMO-labeling-bill
› Companies such as Ben & Jerry’s, Stonyfield, 
and other “green” product companies may 
sponsor a grassroots advertising campaign 
› Write letters to newspapers and local TV 
programs 
› Set up information tables and pass out fliers 
at farmer’s markets & fairs 
› Urge people to write to NH state reps 
 More than two dozen states have movements 
to labeling of GMOs in foods 
› Urge schools to educate children and 
parents on what is in their food and how to 
make better choices
 People may not know what these 
chemicals are 
 The food companies who use harmful 
chemicals in their food are looking to cut 
costs while risking the safety and health 
of the community 
 Many foods that appeal to children are 
loaded with chemicals 
› Behavioral problems 
› ADHD
 Urging consumers to pay attention to what 
is in their food, to look for certain types of 
harmful chemicals, or suggesting a whole 
foods type diet can prevent and sometimes 
reverse health problems! 
 Use word of mouth.. The more educated 
we are as a society, the healthier we can 
be. 
 This movement for clean eating has risen 
the popularity of farmer’s markets and 
stores like Trader Joe’s and Whole Foods. 
 As citizens, we must inform others, sign 
petitions, write our state reps, and use the 
media to get the word out.
 Choose organic products 
 Buy local 
 Buy vegetables and fruits in season 
 Read ingredient labels 
 Buy recycled paper products 
 Avoid eating at restaurants and 
especially fast foods 
 Spread the word to family and friends 
 Join the movement 
Donsky, Andrea. (01Oct2013). 7 Scary Food Additives to Avoid. Naturally Savvy. Retrieved from 
http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/7-scary-food-additivres-to-avoid 
Vani Hari. (11Feb2013). Food Babe. How Food Companies Exploit Americans with Ingredients Banned in 
Other Countries. Retrieved from http://www.100daysofrealfood.com/2013/02/11/food-companies-exploit-americans- 
with-ingredients-banned-in-other-countries/ 
GMA. Food Safety News. 11 Food Ingredients Banned Outside the U.S. that we eat. Retrieved from 
http://gma.yahoo.com/11-food-ingredients-banned-outside-u-eat-101120572--abc-news-topstories.html 
Goyanes, Cristina. 14 Banned Foods Still Allowed in the U.S. Retrieved from 
http://www.shape.com/blogs/shape-your-life/13-banned-foods-still-allowed-us 
Label GMOs. What are we eating? Retrieved from 
http://www.labelgmos.org/the_science_genetically_modified_foods_gmo 
Mercola. (27Feb2013). U.S. Foods Chockfull of ingredients banned in other countries. Retrieved from 
http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/02/27/us-food-products.aspx 
Natural Revolution. List of Countries That Ban GMO Crops and Require GE Food Labels. Retrieved from 
http://naturalrevolution.org/list-of-countries-that-ban-gmo-crops-and-require-ge-food-labels/ 
USA Today. (09Apr2014.) Legislation Would Ban State GMO Labeling Measures. Retrieved from 
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2014/04/09/genetic-labeling-bill/7519937/

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Food labeling and education for consumers

  • 1.
  • 2.  Problem: U.S. consumers tend to be uneducated about the ingredients contained in the foods they feed themselves and their families.  Goal: Educate consumers about U.S. food additives and GMO use. Raise awareness for the need for GMO labeling of ingredients.
  • 3.
  • 4.  3,000 food-bourne deaths per year mainly due to bacteria  FDA is responsible for food and drug safety  U.S. allows food ingredients that are banned in other developed countries  Ingredients can cause detrimental effects on human health  The use of GMO crops is damaging to the environment and not proven safe for human consumption
  • 5.  Artificial food colorings  Olestra (aka Olean)  Brominated vegetable oil (BVO)  Potassium bromate (brominated flour)  Azodicarbonamide  BHA & BHT  Synthetic hormones (rBGH & rBST)  Arsenic  Diphenylamine (DPA)  Preservatives  Artificial sweeteners  Flavor enhancers
  • 6. More than 3,000 food additives are added to U.S. foods
  • 7.  Have increased drastically after the 1950’s › Additives add shelf life, taste and better appearance › Processing strips nutritional value (vitamins, minerals, fiber) from foods  Additives so the food is not bland / not appealing  Human health in the U.S. is much lower than other industrialized countries.  Could it be caused by the increase in toxic chemicals added to our foods?
  • 8.
  • 9.  Inexpensive substitute for real sugar that comes from yellow corn  Primarily used to sweeten soft drinks  Added sugars in the diet from beverages can lead to weight gain vs. solid foods  Promotes insulin resistance and increases risk of diabetes  Causes cancer-cells to metastasize (spreading from one organ to another)  Increases risk of heart disease In 2006, the U.S. gave the corn industry almost $5 million in subsidies, allowing farmers to sell their crops at low costs, increasing HFCS in the U.S. food chain. (Donsky) http://foodidentitytheft.com/wp-content/uploads/foodwithHFCS.jpg
  • 10. http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it • Listed as “hydrolyzed” • Raises triglycerides and LDL (bad cholesterol) • Increases risk of heart attack • Linked to prostate and breast cancer • Linked to Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes and obesity
  • 11. http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it • Over 100 chemical artificial flavors used in the U.S. • Can cause allergic reactions • Can cause behavioral problems in children
  • 12. http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it • Added for flavor enhancement • Causes chest pain, headaches, heart palpitations • Excited taste buds to make you eat more (food coma after chinese food?) • Causes neurological symptoms (decreased cognitive function)
  • 13. • Most popular: Blue 1&2, Yellow 5&6, Green 3, Red 3&40, Orange B, Citrus red 2 • Most are made from coal tar – used to make seal coatings for industrial floors and used to kill lice in lice shampoos • Found in cakes, candy, macaroni & cheese, medicines, sports drinks, sodas, pet food, cheese, among many others. • Banned in many countries • Causes brain cancer, tumors of the immune system, mutates healthy DNA http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it
  • 14.  Aspartame – may cause cancer and neurological side effects (headaches, confusion, dizziness, memory loss, convulsions)  Acesulfame potassium – may cause cancer  Saccharin (Sweet-n-low) – may cause cancer  Sucralose (Splenda) http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it
  • 15. • Found in the majority of packaged foods to increase shelf life • Cereals, butter, meats, beer, etc. • Sodium Benzoate – carcinogen • Sodium Nitrate – may cause cancer • BHA – cancer causing agent • BHT – organ system toxicity • TBHQ – may cause cancer • Polysorbate60,65, 80 – affects immune system function and may cause infertility • Alternatives: Rosemary and Sage http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/label-loophole-why-trans-fat-free-foods-are-often-far-from-it
  • 16. http://www.healthcastle.com/banned-brominated-vegetable-oil-popular-drinks-and-soda  Found in sports drinks and citrus flavored sodas  Used to prevent flavor from separating  Competes with Iodine for receptor sites in the body  Bromine is a poisonous chemical – both corrosive and toxic  Can lead to thyroid, autoimmune diseases and cancer  BANNED IN OVER 100 COUNTRIES
  • 17.  Made with corrosive and toxic Bromine  Used in rolls, wraps, breads, bagels  Strengthens the dough for faster baking times  Causes kidney and nervous system disorders  FDA “urges” bakers to avoid using it… http://foodidentitytheft.com/the-brominated-brothers-still-at-large-despite-a-bad-rap-sheet/
  • 18.  Used in fat free potato chips  Causes digestive issues  Causes a dramatic depletion of fat soluble vitamins and nutrients  Banned in the UK and other countries http://funtoysfactory.com/pringles-fat-free
  • 19.  Found in breads, frozen dinners, box pasta mixes, and packed baked goods  Most countries wait a week for flour to whiten, U.S. food processors prefer to chemically bleach flour ASAP  Linked to asthma  Primarily used in foamed plastics like yoga mats and sneaker soles http://hotmeme.net/post/2A3/subway-promises-to-remove-azodicarbonamide-from-their-bread-dough/
  • 20.  Genetically engineered and used on cattle to increase milk production by 10%  Cows become lame, infertile and suffer from inflamed and infected udders  Linked to breast, colon and prostate cancer in humans who ingest dairy products http://whereismymilkfrom.com/blog/education/growth-hormones-dairy-cows-and-the-fda-oh-my/
  • 21.  Permitted by the FDA for use in poultry feed to promote growth, improve efficiency in feeding birds and boost pigmentation of meat (Goyanes)  Can get passed down the food chain from the chicken to humans when consumed  EPA classified inorganic arsenic as a human carcinogen  Organic and inorganic arsenic is naturally occurring in the environment and elevated levels typically due to humans › Can be in drinking water › Can be in soil and leach into the food chain
  • 22.  Found in apples, apple juice, applesauce, pears, baby food  Gives a glossy appearance to apples  Prevents brown or blackening of fruit  According to the European Food Safety Authority, DPA is poisonous because it breaks down into nitrosamines which are carcinogenic (Goyanes)
  • 27.  Manufacturers use safer and better ingredients in their products in countries where harmful ingredients are banned.  Because the FDA has not banned these ingredients, manufacturers use them to save costs and increase shelf life of products at the expense of U.S. human health.  What can we do  EDUCATE
  • 28. • Bacteria contain additional DNA which is circular known as a plasmid • Plasmids are shared between bacterial cells • Scientists can introduce specific genes from other organisms into certain types of plasmids • “engineered” plasmids are introduced into new organisms • The organism will express this new gene • THIS IS NOT A NATURAL PROCESS http://fhs-bio-wiki.pbworks.com/w/page/22957102/Recombinant%20DNA%20(plasmids)
  • 30.  Plant GMOs are currently designed to either withstand herbicide treatment and/or naturally produce insecticide › The use of RoundUp has increased 15x since the introduction of GMOs › RoundUp is a toxic pollutant to the environment – soil and water › Introduction of “super weeds and bugs” that are adapting and changing the natural environment  GMOs are not currently engineered to be drought resistant, increase yield, enhance nutrition or any other consumer benefit
  • 31.  The corporations producing GMOs are responsible for testing safety of GMOs also profit from them- How accurate are their tests and results? http://www.newparadigm.ws/gmo-an-unprecedented- agricultural-threat-to-life-and- humanity/
  • 32.
  • 33. • Drastic decreases in spending • Is big pharma behind it? They make money off an unhealthy society. • Corporations are doing their own food and cosmetic safety tests… • The FDA approved the use of GMOs based on these tests.
  • 34.  Concerned citizens, small businesses and other organizations are pushing for the movement toward food labeling  Labeling for GMOs at the state level is trying to be banned at the federal level  Vermont will have GMO labeling starting in 2016, CT and ME have passed mandates but will not go into effect until other states do the same
  • 35.  Goal: Educate consumers about U.S. food additives and GMO use. Raise awareness for the need for GMO labeling of ingredients. http://personaltrainingrunawaybay.com/news/ http://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Regulation/Maine-House-backs-GMO-labeling-bill
  • 36. › Companies such as Ben & Jerry’s, Stonyfield, and other “green” product companies may sponsor a grassroots advertising campaign › Write letters to newspapers and local TV programs › Set up information tables and pass out fliers at farmer’s markets & fairs › Urge people to write to NH state reps  More than two dozen states have movements to labeling of GMOs in foods › Urge schools to educate children and parents on what is in their food and how to make better choices
  • 37.  People may not know what these chemicals are  The food companies who use harmful chemicals in their food are looking to cut costs while risking the safety and health of the community  Many foods that appeal to children are loaded with chemicals › Behavioral problems › ADHD
  • 38.
  • 39.  Urging consumers to pay attention to what is in their food, to look for certain types of harmful chemicals, or suggesting a whole foods type diet can prevent and sometimes reverse health problems!  Use word of mouth.. The more educated we are as a society, the healthier we can be.  This movement for clean eating has risen the popularity of farmer’s markets and stores like Trader Joe’s and Whole Foods.  As citizens, we must inform others, sign petitions, write our state reps, and use the media to get the word out.
  • 40.  Choose organic products  Buy local  Buy vegetables and fruits in season  Read ingredient labels  Buy recycled paper products  Avoid eating at restaurants and especially fast foods  Spread the word to family and friends  Join the movement 
  • 41.
  • 42. Donsky, Andrea. (01Oct2013). 7 Scary Food Additives to Avoid. Naturally Savvy. Retrieved from http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/7-scary-food-additivres-to-avoid Vani Hari. (11Feb2013). Food Babe. How Food Companies Exploit Americans with Ingredients Banned in Other Countries. Retrieved from http://www.100daysofrealfood.com/2013/02/11/food-companies-exploit-americans- with-ingredients-banned-in-other-countries/ GMA. Food Safety News. 11 Food Ingredients Banned Outside the U.S. that we eat. Retrieved from http://gma.yahoo.com/11-food-ingredients-banned-outside-u-eat-101120572--abc-news-topstories.html Goyanes, Cristina. 14 Banned Foods Still Allowed in the U.S. Retrieved from http://www.shape.com/blogs/shape-your-life/13-banned-foods-still-allowed-us Label GMOs. What are we eating? Retrieved from http://www.labelgmos.org/the_science_genetically_modified_foods_gmo Mercola. (27Feb2013). U.S. Foods Chockfull of ingredients banned in other countries. Retrieved from http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/02/27/us-food-products.aspx Natural Revolution. List of Countries That Ban GMO Crops and Require GE Food Labels. Retrieved from http://naturalrevolution.org/list-of-countries-that-ban-gmo-crops-and-require-ge-food-labels/ USA Today. (09Apr2014.) Legislation Would Ban State GMO Labeling Measures. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2014/04/09/genetic-labeling-bill/7519937/