❖Why do we need higher studies?
❖Different levels of higher studies
❖Prerequisites for apply higher studies
❖Different exams to do
❖Local opportunities for higher studies
❖Different opportunities in other countries (Scholarships)
❖Challenges of Higher Studies
3. Why do we need higher studies?
Higher education is more than a stepping stone to a career.
It's about learning how to develop a better you !!!
Higher education skills help you find a lucrative career while teaching you how to deal with a variety of other real-life situations
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Deciding to go for higher studies is not a decision to take lightly.
Higher education is a major personal, intellectual, social, emotional, and financial investment.
4. Why do we need higher studies?
●Broad range of career opportunities
●Ability to change careers more easily
●Higher earning potential
●Improves job stability
●Improves job satisfaction
●Easy to pursue a career in academia
5. Why do we need higher studies?
●Upward social mobility or societal recognition
●Access to professional networks
●Building better personal relationships
●Innovations, technological breakthroughs and methodologies
●Less dependency on government assistance
●Greater community service and leadership
●More cultural awareness
6. Why do we need higher studies?
●Maturity and independence
●Self-awareness and self-confidence
●Advanced intellectual skills
●Advanced communication and interpersonal skills
●Personal life quality enhancement
●Greater economic stability and security
7. Different level of higher studies
1. Master’s Degree:
●An opportunity to further your knowledge of a particular subject
●The amount of time to earn a master's degree depends upon the program
●But one should usually expect to study at least for 2 years
●There are two main types of master’s:
-Taught: Similar to undergraduate degrees.
Involve a series of taught modules, lectures, seminars and practicals
E.g. Master of Business Administration (MBA)
-Research: Involve learning through research.
Viewed as valuable preparation for PhD studies
Less tutor support than that provided on a taught degree
E.g. Master of Arts (MA by Research), or Master of Science
8. Different levels of higher studies
2. PhDs/ Doctorate:
●The highest academic level a student can achieve
●The award of a doctorate implies recognition of the candidate as an equal by the university faculty under which he or she has studied
●The amount of time varies by field, institution
●Two types of doctorates:
Research doctorates are awarded in recognition of academic research that is publishable in a peer-refereed academic journal
Awarded in recognition of individuals who make notable contributions to society
9. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
●Prerequisites mostly depend on the field of study (ex: computer science) and the degree program (Bachelor’s, Master's, Doctorate).
●In Sri Lanka, prerequisites for Bachelor’s degree is Advance Level results.
●For other degree programs, common requirements include bachelor’s degree, GPA, GRE scores, letters of recommendation, TOEFL scores or IELTS score, etc.
10. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
Different Types of Requirements
11. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
•The competency requirement ensures that students already have or will acquire the necessary undergraduate background for the respective degree.
•The applicant may fulfill these requirements by,
1.Providing evidence of previous undergraduate or graduate course work.
2.Taking an undergraduate course at respective university.
3.Taking the corresponding graduate course with consent of instructor.
4.Passing the final exam of an undergraduate course at the respective university.
12. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
•The course requirement is intended to ensure that students are exposed to,
1.Fundamental concepts and tools
2.Advanced, up-to-date views in topics outside their area (the breadth requirement)
3.A deep, up-to-date view of their research area (the depth requirement)
13. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
The Breadth Requirements
•The breadth requirement ensures that the students share knowledge of fundamental concepts and tools from across broad areas of the field of study.
•Each student is asked to take a certain set of courses and maintain a certain overall breadth course GPA
14. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
The Depth Requirements
•The depth requirement ensures that the student acquires some depth of knowledge in a general research area.
•Each student is asked to select an area his or her depth area and take some number of courses on that area.
•The student must also maintain a certain overall depth course GPA.
15. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
•Student visas are non-immigrant visas that do not require the holder to obtain citizenship.
•Any prospective student seeking higher education in another country must obtain a student visa for that country.
•You will first need to receive an admission letter and a certificate of eligibility for nonimmigrant student status from your institution before you can begin the visa application process.
16. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
Visa Application Process
•STEP 1: Receive your certificate of eligibility for nonimmigrant student status.
•STEP 2: You must pay the fee and fill out visa applications forms prior to your visa interview.
•STEP 3: Schedule Your Interview and Apply for Your Visa.
17. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
•In the interview, questions will be asked regarding,
1.your ties to your home country.
2.your English language skills.
3.your academic background.
4.the program which you have been admitted.
5.proof of your financial ability.
18. Prerequisites for Apply Higher Studies
Pre-departure Materials and Important Documents
•Passport and nonimmigrant visa.
•Certificate of eligibility.
•Birth certificate and marriage certificate.
•College or university acceptance letter.
19. Different exams to do
Prepare for Standardized Tests
●Most graduate programs require one or more standardized test scores.
●Application requirements may vary, applicants should confirm the test requirements of the universities to which you plan to apply.
●There are two main types of tests:
○Language Ability Tests
20. Language Ability Tests
English Language Ability Tests
●If English is not your native language, universities will ask you to take an English language proficiency test before admission.
●If you are a non-native speaker of English who has been educated in English, language testing requirements might be waived.
●This decision is made by the university admissions office
●English test is required for all applicants who received their undergraduate degree in a country where English is not the official language (UC Berkeley)
21. English Language Ability Tests
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) - http://www.ets.org/toefl
●The TOEFL measures the ability of non-native English speakers
●Two types of TOEFL:
○The TOEFL internet-based test (iBT)
○The paper-based TOEFL (TOEFL PBT)
●The internet based TOEFL is available in Colombo, Kandy and Jaffna.
●The TOEFL is valid for 2 years, the most universities prefer recent scores
22. English Language Ability Tests
International English Language Testing System (IELTS) - http://www.ielts.org/
●The IELTS is a paper-based test that measures language ability
●The reading and writing portions are available in two versions:
○The academic version is the one that students who want to study at the graduate level should take.
○General Training, is for the test takers who need to use English daily for functional activities, or immigration.
●The IELTS is valid for 2 years
23. Admissions Tests
●Testing requirements vary greatly between graduate programs
●Applicants should confirm directly with the university to which you plan to apply
24. Admissions Tests
Graduate Record Examination (GRE) - www.ets.org/gre
●The GRE is a standardized test of verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning and analytical writing
●Many graduate universities accept GRE scores
●Currently ETS offers the paper based GRE exam twice a year in Sri Lanka, usually in February and November.
●Scores are valid for 5 years
25. Admissions Tests
Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) - www.gmac.com/
●The GMAT is a standardized test for MBA applicants that measures basic verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skills
●It does not measure knowledge of job skills, or specific content in undergraduate, such as creativity, and interpersonal skills.
●The GMAT exam is administered in standardized test centers in 112 countries around the world, including Sri Lanka
26. Summary: Different exams to do
●Most universities may require GRE and TOEFL.
●Refer to the university graduate school website to find out the specific requirements.
●It is still a good idea to get ready and sit for the exams if you are planning to apply for several universities.
●There are universities that do not require either of these exams.
●In Canada, majority of programs and universities do not require the GRE general test.
27. Local Opportunities for Higher Studies
●Local Master’s Degree programs provide an opportunity for the graduates of science, engineering and management.
●Undertake advanced studies at master’s level in the latest professional field of Information Technology and Management.
○University of Colombo – MSc in CS & IT, MBA
○University of Moratuwa – MSc in CS & IT
○University of Peradeniya – MSc in CS
○University of kelaniya – MSc in IT
28. Different Opportunities in Other Countries (UK Scholarships)
●Cardiff University Scholarships for International Students
○Offers a highly prestigious International Scholarship Fund designed to attract and reward the brightest students
○Postgraduate Taught – Masters , and Postgraduate Research – PhD
○The scholarships will cover full tuition fees for the duration
●Oxford University: Oxford PostGraduate Scholarships(100 scholars), Rhodes Scholarships (83 scholars)
●University of Birmingham Scholarships (scholarships are worth £10,000 towards), Gates Cambridge
Scholars (100 Gates Scholars )
29. Different Opportunities in Other Countries
●Harvard University: Top 1 in World Reputation Rankings & Top 4 in World University Rankings
○Several programs for international students
○It also oversees additional funds which support students
●Stanford University: Top 6 in World Reputation Rankings & Top 2 in World University Rankings
○Superior academic achievement and the potential to make a contribution to technology, business or society as a whole
○Post Graduate financial aid is based entirely on merit (U.S.$6,000 to U.S.$22,000)
● UCB Foreign Fulbright Student Program, MIT Kennedy scholarships, California Institute of Technology scholarship programs
30. Different Opportunities in Other Countries (Australia Scholarships)
●University of Melbourne: Top 39 in World Reputation Rankings & Top 28 in World University Rankings
○Recognizes outstanding academic achievement of students
○Provides 100%-fee remission scholarships valued from $10,000 up to approximately $126,000.
ex: Melbourne International Fee Remission Scholarships (MIFRS), Melbourne International Research Scholarships (MIRS)
● Monash University International Merit Scholarships,
UQ merit-based scholarships, UNSW International
Advanced Research Scholarship
31. Different Opportunities in Other Countries (Canada Scholarships)
●University of British Columbia: Scholarships for International Students
○Devoting more than Canadian $8 million annually to scholarships and other forms of financial assistance
●University of Toronto: Top 16 in World Reputation Rankings & Top 21 in World University Rankings
○International Students with financial need may apply for grant assistance
○Financial support is available to highly qualified graduates
○Teaching assistantships are also offered
○Offers partial scholarships worth $4,000 – $16,000
32. Challenges of Higher Studies
●Growing criticism of higher education
●Most universities are under some form of financial pressure
●Challenging situation for existing universities
●Higher education market most likely to be disrupted in the short term
●Students are flocking to alternatives