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Public health aspects of migration - Communicable diseases, preparedness and surveillance. Demystifying the misconceptions

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Presentations delivered by Dr Nedret Emiroglu (Director, Division of Communicable Diseases and Health Security at the WHO Regional Office for Europe) - High-level meeting on refugee and migrant health (23-24 November 2015, Rome, Italy)

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Public health aspects of migration - Communicable diseases, preparedness and surveillance. Demystifying the misconceptions

  1. 1. Dr Nedret Emiroglu Director, Division of Communicable Diseases and Health Security WHO Regional Office for Europe Public health aspects of migration Communicable diseases, preparedness and surveillance Demystifying the misconceptions
  2. 2. Context to be prepared! Assessing communicable disease risks; • Diverse epidemiology of diseases in the country of origin • Diverse socio economic status • Population on the move; increased vulnerability • Language and cultural barriers
  3. 3. Misconceptions about communicable diseases X Communicable diseases are common among the refugees and migrants X Refugees and migrants pose communicable disease threat to the host population X Outbreaks cannot be predicted, prevented and controlled
  4. 4. Guiding principles for prevention and control of communicable diseases • Informed decision for prioritized public health policies and action based on the risk analysis and evidence • Adequate public health capacity for preparedness and response • Strengthened disease surveillance systems • Providing equitable and migrant-sensitive health services; ensuring continuum of care • Ensuring access to comprehensive health promotion and prevention
  5. 5. Prioritization matrix for communicable disease
  6. 6. Key public health messages on communicable disease • Region is well equipped to detect and manage public health threats • Risk of transmission of vaccine preventable diseases is low (WHO, UNICEF, UNHCR joint statement) • Risk of importation of highly infectious agents is extremely low • Refugees are more vulnerable to food and waterborne diseases • Influenza and respiratory infections rates expected to raise during winter • Universal access to prevention, diagnosis and treatment for TB and HIV/AIDS is essential
  7. 7. WHO will continue to support • Provide evidence and epidemiologic information through its networks at global, regional and country level • Advise on policy options and evidence- based interventions, support development of national preparedness plans • Facilitate exchange of know-how among countries and capacity building • Provide operational and logistical support and medical supplies
  8. 8. Thank you very much for your attention

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