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CAR Email 7.16.02

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Email 7.16.02

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CAR Email 7.16.02

  1. 1. ttflws 30(Pagel1 of S RECORD TYPE: FEDERAL (NOTES MAIL) CREATOR:Renneth L. Peel ( CN=Kenneth L. Peel/OTJ=CEQ/O=EOP [ CEQ I CREATION DATE!TIME:16-JUL-2002 14:17:08.00 SUBJECT: : State Attorneys General climate letter TO:DebFiddelkeghagel.senate.gov 8 mnet ( Deb.Fiddelke~hagel.senate.gov 8 mnetF UNK READ :UNKNOWN TEXT: Deb, attached is the joint letter from 11 States Attorneys General on GHGi regulation, in case you haven't seen it yet. Ke==== -====-ATTACHMENT 1- ATT CREATION TIME/DATE: 0 00:00:00.00 TEXT: {rtflansiansicpgl252ucldeffOstshfdbchOstshflochostshfhichostshfbiOdef langlO33deflangfel033(fonttblffOfromanfcharsetOfprg2{*panose 0202060305 0405020304)Times New Roman;) (f6fromanfcharsetofprq2{*panose 02020603040505020304)Tms Rxnn(*falt Time s New Roman;);(f36fromanfcharset238fprq2{*panose 02020603050405020304)CG Timesf*falt Times New Roman);)}{f7lfromanfcharset238fprq2 Times New Roman CE;) {f72fromanfcharset2O4fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr;}) f74fromanfcharsetl6lfp rq2 Times New Roman Greek;)(f75fromanfcharsetl62fprq2 Times New Roman Tur;) {f76fromanfcharsetl77fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew);) {f77fromanfcharsetl78fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic);) {f78fromanfcharsetl 86fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic;){f79fromanfcharsetl63fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese);)) {colortbl; redogreeriablueo; red0green0blue25S;redOgreen2 55blue255; red0green255blueo; red255greenoblue255; red255greenoblueo; red255green2 55blue0; red255green255blue255; red0green0bluel28; red0greenl28bluel2S; red0greenl28blueo; redl28green0bluel28; redl28green0blue0; redl2Sgreenl2 8blue0; redl28greenl28bluel28;redl92greenl92bluel92; )(stylesheet{ql liOriono widctlpar faautorinolinOitapo fs2OlanglO33 langfelO33cgridlangnplO33 lan gfenpl033 snext0 Normal;){*cslO additive ssemihidden Default Paragraph Eon t;) {* tslltsrowdtrftsWidthB3trpaddllO8trpaddrlO8trpaddfl3trpaddft3trpaddfb3t rpaddfr3trcbpatltrcfpatltscellwidthftsotsvertalttsbrdrttsbrdrltsbrdrbts brdrr tsbrdrdgl tsbrdrdgrtsbrdrh tsbrdrv ql liOri0widctlparaspalphaaspnum faautoadjustrightrinolinOitapo fs2O langlO24langfelO24cgridlangnplO24langferiplo24 snextll ssemihidden Normal Table;){t csl5 additive ssemihidden footnote reference;fl{*rsidtbl rsid9 573043 rsid10947640rsidl2464233){*generator Microsoft Word 10.0.3416;){info{auth or OESDRL) {operator Kenneth L. Peel) (creatimyr2002mo7dyl6hrl4minl4}(rev timyr2002mo7dyl6hrl4minl4}(version2){(edminsl) {nofpages5) {nofwordsl464I {nofchars8346) {*company Department of State)}{nofcharsws979l)}{vern16453)})margll44Omargr1 440 widowctrlftnbj aenddocaftnnarnotabindwraptrsptransmfnoxlattoyenexpshrtn noultrlspcdntblnsbdbnospaceforultruncatefontheightsubfontbysizesprsbspwp jstlytprtmethyphcapsOhorzdocdghspacel2Odgvspacel2odghoriginl7oldgvorigin 1984dghshow0 dgvshow3jcompressviewkindlviewscalelOOhtmautspnolnhtadjtblrsidrootl24642 33 fet0sectd linex0headeryl440footeryl440sectdefaultclsftnbjsaftnnar { file://D:SEARCH_7_28_03_CEQ3O4_f9yzrSOO3 ceq.txt 6/23/2006
  2. 2. Page 2 of S *pnseclvllpnucrmpnstartlpnindent72opnhang (pntxta .1)}{*pnseclvl2 pnucltrpnstartlpnindent720pnhang {pntxta .1) {*pnseclvl3pndecprnstartlp nindent720pnhang {pntxta .1)}(*pnseclvl4prnlcltrpnstartlpnindent72opnhang {pntxta ) }}{*pnseclvl5pridecpnstartlpnindent720pnhang {pntxtb (1 {pntxt a )}1(*pnseclvl6 pnlcltrpnstartlpnindent720pnhang (pntxtb U (pntxta )}}) *pnseclvl7pnlcr mpnstartlpnindent72opnhang {pntxtb C) (pntxta )}11 *pnseclvl8pnlcltrpnst artlpnindent72opnhang fpntxtb (}{pntxta ) ) } *pnseclvl9pnlcrmpnstartlpn indent72opnhang {pntxtb C)}{pntxta ) )}pardplain ql li0ri0nowidctlpartqctx4680faautor in0linOitapo fs 2 OlanglO33langfelO33cgridlangnplO33langfenplo33 {bfs24 insrsidlO947G4O tab }{bfs2SinsrsidlO94764O STATE ATTORNEYS GENERAL) {fs24 insrsidlO94764O par )pard ql 1i0riOnowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapo {fs24insrsidlo947 640 par )pard qc liOri0nowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapo {bfs24insrsidlo9 47640 A Communication From the Chief Legal Officers par of the Following States: par par Alaska 'b7 California 'b7 Connecticut lb7 Maine rb7 Maryland 'b7 Massachusetts par New Hampshire 'b7 New Jersey 'b7 New York 'b7 Rhode Island 'b7 ye rmont par }pard ql liOri0nowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapO {bf36fs24insrsi d10947640 par {*bkmkstart QuickMark) {*bkmkend QuickMark) par }pard ql fi5040liOri0nowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {f36fs24i nsrsidlO947E4O July 17, 2002){bf36fs24insrsidlO94764O par )pard ql liQrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapo (bf36fs24insrsi d10947640 par par VIA FACSIMILE AND U.S. MAIL par par par ){f36fs24insrsidlO947640 The Honorable George W. Bush par The white House par 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Par Washington, D.C. 20500 par ){fs24insrsidlO947E4O par )pard gl fi720liOri0nowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapO ffs24insrsi d10947640 Re: Climate Change Par )pard ql liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {fs24insrsidl0947 ,6 40 par Dear President Bush: par par )pard ql fi720liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 Climate change presents the most pressing environmental challenge of the 2l}{fs24superinsrsid1OS4764O st){fs24insrsidlO94764O century We applaud the efforts of your Administration in the release this May of a f ormal, comprehensive report that details the seriousness of this problem. ){i fs24insrsidlOS4764O U.S. Climate Action Report 2002) {fs24insrsid1O947640 IU.S. Dept. of State, Washington, D.C., May 2002 ('93}{ifs24insrsidlO94764 0 Report}(fs24insrsidlO947E40 '94) . Unfortunately, however, the Administrat ionrquote s current policy is inconsistent with the import of the ){ifs24in srsid10947640 Reportrquote s ){fs24insrsidlO947E4O findings}(ifs24insrsidlO94764O ){f s24insrsidlO94Y64O by failing to mandate reductions of greenhouse gas emission S. To fill this regulatory void, states and others are being forced to rely o n their a file:/D:SEARCH_7_28_03_CEQ3O4_f9yzrSOO3 ceq.txt 6/23/2006
  3. 3. Page 3 of 8 vailable legal mechanisms. The resulting combination of state-by-state regulat ions and litigation will necessarily lessen regulatory certainty and increase t he ultimate costs of addressing climate change, thereby making the purported go als of the Adrninis trationrquote s current policy illusory. For these reasons, we write today to urge you to reconsider your position on the regulation of greenhouse gases and to adopt a comprehensive policy that will protect both our citizens and our ec onomy.I par }pard ql liOriQnowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 (fs24insrsidlo947 640 par }{fs24ulinsrsidlO94764O The }{ifs24ulinsrsidlO94764O Report}{fs24 ulinsrsidl0947640 Documents the Need for Dramatic Action par par sect }sectd sbknonelinexOheaderyl440footeryl440sectdefaultclsftnbj saftnnar {footer pardplain gl liOri0sl-240slmult0nowidctlparfaautor inOlinQitapO fs2QlanglQ33langfelO33cgridlangnplO33langfenplO33 {insrsi d10947640 par } pard qc li0ri0nowidctlparpvparaposx0posy0absw9361nowrapfaauto rinOlinOitapo (field{*fldinst {fs24insrsidlOS47E4O PAGE }}{fldrslt {fs 24langlO24langfelO24noproofinsrsid9573O43 5}DC{fs24insrsidlO94764O par }pard gl liOri0nowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {fs24insrsidlO947 640 par I}pardplain gl fi720liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO fs2O langlO33langfelO33cgridlangnplO33langfenplO33 {fs24insrsidlQ947G4O The (ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report)(fs24insrsidlO94764O documents ongoing climate change that will cause significant impacts on virtua ily every aspect of our planet and way of life. We already see the signs of su ch change everywhere. Some are dramatic, such as th e recent collapse of a portion of the Antarctic ice shelf the size of Rhode Tsl and, the open water at the North Pole, or millions of acres of spruce trees in Alaska killed by insects. Others are less overt, but are also powerful stateme nts of the enormit y and pervasiveness of the problem. The I{ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Report }{fs 24insrsidlO947G4O is replete with examples. For instance, the I{ifs24insrs id10947640 Report I{fs24insrsidlO94764O documents that average temperatures have already increased 1 degree Fahrenheit over the past century, and it projects that over the next century, average tern peratures will likely increase 5-9 degrees Fahrenheit. Increased temperatures will dramatically change climates in every state and destroy some fragile ecosy stems. The }{ifs24insrsidlQ947E4O Report}{fs24insrsidlQS4764O also documents that sea levels have already risen 4-8 inches over the last cen bury, and it projects that they will likely rise another 4-35 inches over the n ext. Rising sea levels will cause more flooding along the coast and it will ob literate vital estuaries, coastal wetlands and barrier islands. While some are as will face incre ased storms and storm damage, other areas endash such as California and other parts of the West endash will face dwindling supplies of water. Of perhaps the most concern, the }{ifs24insrsid1O94764O Report }{fs24insrsidlO947E4O documents potential health-related impacts of climate change, and a just-publis hed study in the journal }(ifs24insrsidlO94764O Science) (fs24insrsidl09476 40 warns of increased risks from insect-borne diseases such as malaria and yel low fever. H( f36fs24insrsidlO947G4O par )pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {fs24insrsidlo947 640 par )pard gl fi720liOriOnowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {fs24insrsi d10947640 The }{ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Report}{fs24insrsidlO94764O file://D:SEARCII_7_28_03_CEQ3O4 f9yzr8003_ceq.txt 6/23/2006
  4. 4. Page 4 of 8 makes it clear that the question of whether global climate change is occurring is no longer in doubt, only the precise rate of c hange and the specific impacts of that change. It also repeatedly acknowledges that the dominant cause of climate change is carbon dioxide produced from the combustion of fossil fuels. Notably, the ){ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Report}f fs24insrsid10947640 projects that greenhouse gas emissions will increase by 43% by 2020. ){ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Report) {fs24insrsidlO94764O at 6. I t also notes 193 the long lifetimes of greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere and the moment um of the climate system.'94 ){ifs24insrsidlO947G4O ReportH(fs24insrsid1 0947640 at 82. According to the }{ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report}{fs24insrs id10947640 Ithis means that impacts of climate change will continue to be felt for severa 1 centuries, '93even after achieving significant limitation in emissions of CO ){fs24subinsrsidlOS4lE4O 2}{fs24insrsidlO94764O and other greenhouse gase s.'94 Ht ifs24insrsidlO94764O See)(fs24insrsidlO94764O ){ifs24insrsidlO947E4O R eport}(fs24insrsidlO94764O at 103. The evidence marshaled in the I{ifs24 insrsidlO94764O Report){fs24insrsidlO947E4O refutes its own counsel of inaction and delivers a different message: an effec tive response to the confirmed dangers of global climate change must include im mediate action to limit greenhouse gas emissions. par Ipard ql liOriOnowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 (fs24insrsidlo947 640 par }{fs24ulinsrsidlO94764O The Existing Administration Proposal is Inadequ ate and Increases Uncertainty) {fs24insrsidlO94764O par par }pard ql fi720liOriOnowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {fs24insrsi d10947640 While we are certainly heartened that the United States has now officially recognized the existence and scope of the dlim ate change problem, the Administration has yet to propose a credible plan that is consistent with the dire findings and conclusions being reported. The Admin istrationrquote s one proposal calls for a voluntary reduction of greenhouse gas '93intensity '94 at roughly the same pace such reductions have occurred over the last 20 yea rs. The }{ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Report){fs24insrsid10947640 itself strongly suggests that such voluntary reductions will be grossly oversh adowed by existing atmospheric gases and, combined with ongoing and increasing emissions, will actually allow the problem to continue to worsen. In light of this, the }{ ifs24insrsidlO94764O Reportl{fs24insrsidlO94764O implicitly calls this po licy approach into question. }{ifs24insrsidlO947E4O See Report){fs24insrs id10947640 , at 50-51 (stating that there is '93a need to re-evaluate existing climate change programs to ensure they effectively meet future economic, climate, and other environmental goals 94). par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {fs24insrsidl0947 640 par sect }sectd sbknonelinexoheaderyl44ofooteryl440sectdefaultclsftnbj saftnnar pardplain ql fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 fs 20langlO33langfelO33cgridlangnplO33langfenplO3 3 {fs24insrsidlO947G4O Despite conceding that our consumption of fossil fuels is causing serious damag e and despite implying that Current policy is inadequate, the }{ifs24insrsid 10947640 Report }{fs24insrsidlO94764O fails to take the next step and recommend serious alternatives. Rather, it sug gests that we simply need to accommodate to the coming changes. For example, r eminiscent of former Interior Secretary Hodelrquote s proposal t hat the government address the hole in the ozone layer by encouraging Americans to make better use of sunglasses, suntan lotion and broad-brimmed hats, the ) ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report }{fs24insrsidlO947E4O suggests that we can deal with heat-related health impacts by increased use of file://D:SEARCH_7_28_03_CEQ3O4_f9yzr8003 ceq.txt 6/23/2006
  5. 5. Page 5 of 8 air-conditioning. }fifs24insrsidlO947640 Report}{fs24insrsidl0947640 at 82. Far from proposing solutions to the climate change problem, the Admini stration has been adopting energy policies that would actually )Bifs24insrsi d10947640 increase){fs24insrsidlO947E4Q greenhouse gas emissions. Notably, even as the I[ ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report) {fs24insrsidlO94764O identifies increased air conditioner use as one of the 193solutions'94 to climate change impacts, the Department of Energy has decided to roll back energy efficiency standards for air conditioners. par )pard ql liOri0nowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {fs24insrsidlo947 640 par }pard ql fi720liOri0nowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {fs24insrsi d10947640 To fill the void left by federal inaction on this issue, some states are now initiating measures, within their borders, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For example, Massach usetts last year adopted state regulations requiring carbon dioxide reductions by power plants, and par }pard gl liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {fs24insrsidlo947 640 New Hampshire recently enacted '93cap and trade'94 legislation. )(fEfs 24insrsidlO947G4O Californiarquote s legislature has just passed a bill that will lead to the '93 maximum feasible'94 reductions of ){fs24insrsidlO947640 carbon -dioxide emiss ions from vehicles. New York is also considering a carbon cap. Continued fede ral inaction will inevitably lead to a wider range of state regulator y efforts. In addition, states and others are beginning to review their litig ation options. par ){fs24u1insrsidlO94764O par Only mandatory Federal Carbon Caps of Appropriate Levels Can Provide Regul atory Certainty par par }pard ql fi720liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitap0 {fs24insrsi d10947640 We obviously support our statesrqflote regulatory and litigation eff orts on this issue. At the same time, however, we want to make it clear that state-by- state action is not our preferred option. We believe that such regulation or 1 itigation will increase the uncertainty facing the business community, thus pot entially making th e most cost-effective solutions more difficult. Moreover, we agree that the global nature of the climate change problem would be most efficiently addressed by comprehensive regulatory action at the national level. A recent Department of Energy Report concluded that the United States could address carbon dioxide emissions issues with minimal disruption of energy supply and at modest cost, but }ffs24ulins rsid10947640 only) {fs24insrsidlO947E40 with fully integrated planning. H ifs24insrsidlOS47G4O See}{fs24insrsidlO94764O Energy Information Admninist ration, Of fice of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, US Department of Energy, 93 Analysis of Strategies for Reducing multiple Emissions from Electric Power Plan ts with Advanced Technology Scenarios,'94 SR/OIAF/2001-05 (October 2001). Thi s integrated planning can only come with regulatory certainty. par )pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapO (fs24insrsidl094l 64 0 par )pard ql fi720liQrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 In particular, we believe that a market-based program that would cap greenhouse gases holds great promise. Such an approach has a proven track record as one effective tool in the regulatory toolbox, as you have noted in other contexts. We strongly belie file://D:SEARCH_7_28_O3_CEQ3O4_f9yzrSOO3 ceq.txt 6/23/2006
  6. 6. Page 6 of 8 ye that prompt implementation of a market-based approach that caps greenhouse g as emissions would promote significant benefits for public health, welfare and the environment in a manner that would be consistent with strong economic polic ies. par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 (fs24insrsidl0947 640 par } (fs24ulinsrsidlO94764O sect }sectd linex0headeryl440footeryl440s ectdefaultclsftnbj saftnnar pardplain ql 1i0rionowidctlparfaautorin0l 33 inoitap0 fs2OlanglO33langfelO33cgridlangnplO33langfenplO {fs24ulins rsid10947640 Conclusion }{fs24insrsidlO947E4O par par }pard gl fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitap0 (fs24insrsi d10947640 We very much appreciate your Administrationrguote s formally acknowl edging the magnitude and nature of the climate change problem. In light of the ifs24insrsidlO947G4O Reportrquote s }(fs24insrsidlO94764O findings, howev er, we urge you now to rethink the Administrationrquote s policy response to t he problem. Whil e individual states are prepared to lead the way, we believe that a strong nati onal approach will allow for more efficient solutions that will better protect the American economy in the long run. Please do not hesitate to contact us on this critical issu e. par }pard ql li0rionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO (fs24insrsidlo947 640 par par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {fs24insrs id10947640 Very truly yours, par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {fs24insrsidlo947 64 0 par par par }pard gl fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {fs24insrs id10947640 Thomas F. Reilly par }pard ql li4320rionowidctlparfaautorifOloin4320itapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 Massachusetts Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO (fs24insrsidlo947 640 par 2 par )pard ql li4320rionowidctlparfaalitorinolin43 0itapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapQ {fs24insrs id10947640 Bruce M. Thotelho par Alaska Attorney General par }pard ql li0riOnowidctlparfaautorin0lin0JitapO {fs24insrsidlo947 640 par par 1pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctiparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrs idl0947640 par Bill Lockyer 44 par )pard ql fi2880lil440ri0nowidctlparfaautori~n0lJnl OJitapO (fs24 insrsidlO94764O California Attorney General par }pard gl liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {fs24insrsidl0947 640 par par par }pard ql fi4320li0ri0nowidctlpartaau.torifl0lin0itapO {fs24insrs id10947640 Richard Blumenthal par Connecticut Attorney General file://D:SEARCH_7_28_03_CEQ304-f9yzr8003 ceq .txt 6/23/2006
  7. 7. Page 7 of S par )pard ql liOriOnowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 ffs24insrsidl0947 640 par par par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0lin0itap0 {fs24insrs id10947640 G. Steven Rowe par Maine Attorney General Par }pard ql liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinOlin0itapO {ts24insrsidlO947 64 0 par par Par }pard ql fi4320liQrionowidctlparfaautorin0liflOitap0 {fs24insrs id10947640 J. Joseph Curran, Jr. par Maryland Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinO2itapO {fs24insrsidl0947 640 par par sect }sectd sbknonelinexoheaderyl440footeryl440sectdefaultclsftnbj saftnnar pardplain ql liOriQnowidctlparfaautorifl0lifl0itap0 fs2Olan g1033langfelO33cgridlangnplO33langfenplO 3 3 {fs24insrsidlO947E4O par par par par }pard ql fi-2l60li6480ri0nowidctlpartx-l440faautorin0lifl6480ita P0 {f36fs24insrsidlO947G4O Philip T. McLaughlintab par }pard ql fi4320li0rionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapO (f36fs24i nsrsidlO94764O New Hampshire Attorney General par par }pard ql liorionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {f36fs24insrsidl 0947640 par par par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {f36fs24i nsrsidlO947E4O David Samson par New Jersey Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0lin0JitapO {f36fs24insrsidl 0947640 par par }pard ql fi2l60liorionowidctlparfaautorinOlin0itap0 (f36fs24i nsrsidlOS47E4O par }pard ql li0rionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 {f36ts24insrsidl 0947640 par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitap0 {f36fs24i nsrsidlQ947E4O Eliot Spitzer par New York Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlpartaautorinOlinOitapO {f36fs24insrsidl 0947640 par par par par }pard ql fi4320liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {f36fs24i nsrsidlO94764O Sheldon Whitehouse par Rhode Island Attorney General Par }pard ql li0ri0nowidctlparfaautori~n0lin0i~tapO {f36fs24insrsidl 0947640 par par par }pard ql fi720liOrionowidctlpartaafltoriflolinoitapO {f36fs24in srsid10947640 par 1pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautoriflolinOitapO {f36fs24i file://D:SEARCH_7_28_03_CEQ304_f9yzr8003 ceq.txt 6/23/2006
  8. 8. PageS8 of 8 nsrsidlO947G4O William H. Sorrell. par Vermont Attorney General} {fs24insrsidlO947E4O par }pard ql liQrionowidctlparfaautorin0linQitapO (fs24insrsidlo947 640 par par par par par par cc. Christine Todd Whitman, EPA par 1…END ATTACHMENT 1 file://D:SEARCH_'7_28_03_CEQ304-f9yzr8003_ceq .txt 6/23/2006
  9. 9. RTircUJ Page 1 of 7 {rtflansiansicpgl252ucldeff0stshfdbchostshflochOStshfhichOstshfbiOdef langlO33deflangfelO33(fonttbl{fOfromanfcharset0fprq2 (*panose 0202060305 0405020304)Times New Roman;) {f6fromanfcharsetofprq2{*panose 02020603040505020304}Tms Rmnln*falt Time s New Roa))3rmnfhast3pq{*pns 02020603050405020304}CG Times(*falt Times New Romanl;){f71fromanfcharset238fprq2 Times New Roman CE;) {f72fromanfcharset204fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr;}I{f74fromanfcharsetl6lfp rq2 Times New Roman Greek;I{f75fromanfcharsetl62fprq2 Times New Roman Tur;) {f76fromanfcharsetl77fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew);) {f77fromanfcharsetl78fprg2 Times New Roman (Arabic);) {f78fromanfcharsetl 86tprq2 Times New Roman Baltic;){f79fromanfcharsetl63fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese);}))(colortbl;redogreenONblue0; redogreen0blue255; red0green2 55blue25b; red0green255blue0; red255green0blue255; red255green0blue0; red255green2 2 55blueo; red255green255blue255; redogreenobluel28;red0greenl28blue2l 8; red0greenl28blue0; redl2Sgreen0bluel28; redl2Sgreen0blue0; redl28greenl2 SblueO; redl28greenl28bluel28;redl92greenl92bluel92;I(stylesheet(ql liOri0no widctlparfaautorin0linOitapQ fs2OlanglO33 langfelO33 cgridlangnplO33 lan gfenpl033 snext0 Normal;I{*cslO additive ssemihidden Default Paragraph Eon t )(* tslltsrowdtrftsWidthB3trpaddllO8trpaddrl08trpaddfl3 trpaddft3 trpaddfb3t rpaddfr3 trcbpatltrcfpatltscellwidthfts0 tsvertalttsbrdrttsbrdrltsbrdrbts brdrr tsbrdrdgl tsbrdrdgrtsbrdrh tsbrdrv ql liOriowidctlparaspalphaaspnumfaautoadjustrightrinOlinOitapO fs2O langlO24langfelO24cgridlangnpl024langfenplO 24 snextll ssemihidden Normal Table;I{*csl5 additive ssemihidden footnote reference;)){*rsidtbl rsid9 573043 rsid10947640rsidl2464233){*generator Microsoft Word 10.0.3416;I{info{auth or OESDRL) {operator Kenneth L. Peel) (creatimyr2002mo7dyl6hrl4mifl~l4Irev timyr2002mo7dyl6hrl4minl4}{version2}V~edmfinsl} (nofpages5) {nofwordsl464) {nofchars83 46) {*company Department of Statel{nofcharsws979l)f{vernl6453}lmargll44Omargrl 440 widowctrlftnbj aenddocaftnnarnotabindwraptrsptransmfnoxlattoyenexpshrtfl 2 -oultrlspcdntblnsbdbnospaceforultruncatefontheightsubfofltbysizesprsbspVp jistlytprtmethyphcapsQhorzdocdghspacel20dgvspacel 2 0dghoriginl70ldgvorigin 1984dghshow0 24642 dgvshow3jcompressviewkindlviewscalelo0htmautspflolnhtadjtblrsidrootl 33 fet0sectd linexoheaderyl440footeryl440sectdefaultclsftnbjsaftnflar{ *pnseclvllpnucrmpnstartlpnindent720pflhafg {pntxta .)){*pnseclvl2 pnucltrpnstartlpnindent720pnhang {pntxta .1) {*pnseclvl3pndecpnstartlp nindent72opnhang {pntxta .11 {*pnseclvl4pnlcltrpnstartlpflindent720pnhaflg {pntxta ) II{*pnseclvl5pndecpnstart1pnindent720pnhang {pntxtb U{Jpntxt a )D)(*pnseclvl6 pnlcltrpnstartlpnindent720pnhang {pntxtb (I {pntxta )3)}(*pnseclvl7pnlcr mpnstartlpnindent720pnhang (pntxtb Q{Jpntxta ) II(*pnseclvl8pnlcltrpnst artlpnindent720pnhang {pntxtb (I(pntxta )}II *pnseclvl9pnlcrmpnstartlpn indent720pnhang {pntxtb (I{pntxta ) )Ipardplain ql liOrionowidctlpartqctx4680faautor 33 in0linOitap0 fs20langlO33langfelO33cgridlangnplO33laflgfenplO {bfs24 insrsidlO947E4O tab }{bfs28insrsidlO94764O STATE ATTORNEYS GENERAL) {fs24 insrsidlO94764O par )pard gl li0ri0nowidctlparfaautorifl0lin0i~tapO {fs24insrsidlo94l 640 par }pard qc liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {bfs24insrsidl09 47640 A Communication From the Chief Legal Officers par of the Following States: file://D:SEARCH_7_28_03_CEQ3O4_f9yzr8OO3_ceqOO00l.txt 6/23/2006
  10. 10. Page 2 of 7 par par Alaska 'b7 California 'b7 Connecticut 'b7 Maine lb7 Maryland 'b7 Massachusetts par New Hampshire 'b7 New Jersey 'b7 New York 'b7 Rhode Island 'b7 ye rmontC par }pard ql 1i0rionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitap0 (bf36fs24insrsi d10947640 par (*bknmkstart QuickMark) {t bkmkend QuickMark) par )pard ql fi5040liorionowidctlparfaautorifl0linOitap0 {f36ts24i nsrsidlO94764O July 17, 2002){b~f36fs24insrsidlO947640 par )pard gl liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapO (bf36fs24insrsi d10947640 par par VIA FACSIMILE AND U.S. MAIL par par Par }{f36fs24insrsidlO947E4Q The Honorable George W. Bush par The White House par 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue par Washington, D.C. 20500 par )(fs24insrsidlO947640 par )pard ql fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorinoliflOitapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 Re: Climate Change par )pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapO {fs24insrsidlo947 64 0 par Dear President Bush: par Par )pard gl fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautoriflOlinOitapO (fs24insrsi d10947640 Climate change presents the most pressing environmental challenge of the 21}{fs24superinsrsidlO947E4O st){fs24insrsidlO947E4O century * We applaud the efforts of your Administration in the release this May of a f ormal, comprehensive report that details the seriousness of this problem. ){i fs24insrsidlO947E4O U.S. Climate Action Report 2002) (fs24insrsidlO947E4O IU.S. Dept. of State, Washington, D.C., May 2002 ('93){ifs24insrsid1094764 0 Report) {fs24insrsidlO947640 '94) . Unfortunately, however, the Administrat ionrquote s current policy is inconsistent with the import of the ){ifs24in srsid10947640 Reportrquote s ){fs24insrsidlO94764O findings){ifs24insrsid2-0947640 )Vf s24insrsidlO947G4O by failing to mandate reductions of greenhouse gas emission S. To fill this regulatory void, states and others are being forced to rely o n their a vailable legal mechanisms. The resulting combination of state-by-state regulat ions and litigation will necessarily lessen regulatory certainty and increase t he ultimate costs of addressing climate change, thereby making the purported go als of the Admninis trationrquiote s current policy illusory. For these reasons, we write today to urge you to reconsider your position on the regulation of greenhouse gases and to adopt a comprehensive policy that will protect both our citizens and our ec onomy. par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO (fs24insrsidlo947 640 par ){fs24ulinsrsidlO947E4O The ){ifs24ulinsrsidlO947E4O Report}{fs24 ulinsrsidlO947G4O Documents the Need for Dramatic Action par par sect ) sectd sbknonelinexOheadery1440footeryl440sectdefaultclsftnbj saftnnar {footer pardplain ql li0ri0sl-240slmult0niowidctlparfaautor 33 inolinOitap0 fs20langlO33langfelQ33cgridlangnplO33langfenplO {insrsi d1094'7640 par ) pard qc li0riOnowidctlparpvparaposx0~posy0absw9361flowrapfaauto rinolinOitap0 {field{*fldinst {fs24insrsidlO947E4O PAGE 1)ffldrslt {fs file:/D:SEARCH_7_28_O3 CEQ3O4 f9yzrSOO3 ceq OOOI.txt 6/23/2006
  11. 11. Page 3 of 7 04 3 24langlO24langfelO24noproofinsrsid95 7 3 5)}f{fs24insrsidlO94764O par )pard ql liorionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitap0 {fs24insrsidlo947 64 0 par )}pardplain ql fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitap0 fs2O langlO33langfelO33cgridlangnpl033langfenplO33 {fs24insrsidlO947E4O The {ifs24insrsidlOS4764O Report) (fs24insrsidlO947640 documents ongoing climate change that will cause significant impacts on virtua lly every aspect of our planet and way of life. We already see the signs of su ch change everywhere. Some are dramatic, such as th e recent collapse of a portion of the Antarctic ice shelf the size of Rhode Tsl and, the open water at the North Pole, or millions of acres of spruce trees in Alaska killed by insects. Others are less overt, but are also powerful stateme nts of the enormit y and pervasiveness of the problem. The }{ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report ){fs 24insrsidlO947G4O is replete with examples. For instance, the ){ifs24insrs id10947640 Report ){fs24insrsidlQ947E4O documents that average temperatures have already increased 1 degree Fahrenheit over the past century, and it projects that over the next century, average tem peratures will likely increase 5-9 degrees Fahrenheit. Increased temperatures will dramatically change climates in every state and destroy some fragile ecosy stems. The }{ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Reportl(fs24insrsidl0947640 also documents that sea levels have already risen 4-8 inches over the last cen tury, and it projects that they will likely rise another 4-35 inches over the n ext. Rising sea levels will cause more flooding along the coast and it will ob literate vital estuaries, coastal wetlands and barrier islands. While some are as will face incre ased storms and storm damage, other areas endash such as California and other parts of the West endash will face dwindling supplies of water. Of perhaps the most concern, the ){ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report }{fs24insrsidl0947640 documents potential health-related impacts of climate change, and a just-publis hed study in the journal )(ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Sciencel{fs24insrsidlO9476 40 warns of increased risks from insect-borne diseases such as malaria and yel low fever. M f36fs24insrsidlO94764O par )pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorin0linOitapO {fs24insrsidlo947 640 par }pard ql fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitap0 (fs24insrsi d10947640 The }{ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report) (fs24insrsidlO94764O makes it clear that the question of whether global climate change is occurring is no longer in doubt, only the precise rate of c hange and the specific impacts of that change. It also repeatedly acknowledges that the dominant cause of climate change is carbon dioxide produced from the combustion of fossil fuels. Notably, the )(ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Report}{ fs24insrsidlO94764O projects that greenhouse gas emissions will increase by 43% by 2020. ){ifs24insrsidlO947G4O Report){fs24insrsidl0947640 at 6. I t also notes '93 the long lifetimes of greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere and the moment um of the climate system.'94 }{ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report) {fs24insrsidl 0947640 at 82. According to the ){ifs24insrsidlO94Y64O Report){fs24insrs 1d10947640 Ithis means that impacts of climate change will continue to be felt for severa 1 centuries, '93even after achieving significant limitation in emissions of CO )(fs24subinsrsidlO947640 2}{fs24insrsidlO947G4O and other greenhouse gase s.&94 )H 4 ifs24insrsidlOS4764O SeeY(fs24insrsidlO9476 O ){ifs24insrsidlO94764O R eport){fs24insrsidlO947E4O at 103. The evidence marshaled in the ){ifs24 insrsidlO947E4O Report) {fs24insrsidlO947640 file://D:SEARCH 7 28 03 CEQ304f 9yzr8003_ceq_0001A.xt 6/23/2006
  12. 12. Page 4 of 7 refutes its own counsel of inaction and delivers a different message: an effec tive response to the confirmed dangers of global climate change must include im mediate action to limit greenhouse gas emissions. par }pard ql liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinOliflOitapO {fs24insrsidlQ947 640 par 1(fs24ulinsrsidlO94764O The Existing Administration Proposal is Tnadequ ate and Increases Uncertainty) {fs24insrsidlO947640 par par }pard ql fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 While we are certainly heartened that the United States has now officially recognized the existence and scope of the dlim ate change problem, the Administration has yet to propose a credible plan that is consistent with the dire findings and conclusions being reported. The Admin istrationrquote s one proposal calls for a voluntary reduction of greenhouse gas '93intensity '94 at roughly the same pace such reductions have occurred over the last 20 yea 640 rs. The ){ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report}{fs24insrsid10947 itself strongly suggests that such voluntary reductions will be grossly oversh adowed by existing atmospheric gases and, combined with ongoing and increasing emissions, will actually allow the problem to continue to worsen. In light of this, the ){ 47640 implicitly calls this po ifs24insrsidlO947E4O Report}{f524insrsid109 licy approach into question. }{its24insrsidlO94764O See Report){fs24insrs id10947640 , at 50-51 (stating that there is '93a need to re-evaluate existing climate change programs to ensure they effectively meet future economic, climate, and other environmental goals'94). par }pard ql li0rionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO (fs24insrsidl0947 640 par sect Isectd skoelnx~edrl4ooey40scdfutlstb saftnnar pardplain gl fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO fs 33 20langlO33langfel033cgridlangnpl033langfenplO {fs24insrsidlO947E4O Despite conceding that our consumption of fossil fuels is causing serious damag e and despite implying that current policy is inadequate, the }(ifs24insrsid 10947640 Report j(fs24insrsidlQS47E4O fails to take the next step and recommend serious alternatives. Rather, it sug gests that we simply need to accommodate to the coming changes. For example, r eminiscent of former Tnterior Secretary H-odelrquote s proposal t hat the government address the hole in the ozone layer by encouraging Americans to make better use of sunglasses, suntan lotion and broad-brimmed hats, the ifs24insrsidlQ947E4O Report j{fs24insrsidlO94764O suggests that we can deal with heat-related health impacts by increased6 4 0 use of 4 air-conditioning. }{ifs24insrsidlO94764O Report}{fs24insrsidl09 7 at 82. Far from proposing solutions to the climate change problem, the Admini stration has been adopting energy policies that would actually }{ifs24insrsi 47 4 greenhouse gas emissions. Notably, d10947640 increase){fs24insrsidl09 6O even as the )( 7 4 ifs24insrsidlOS4764O Reportl{fs24insrsidlO94 6 O identifies increased air conditioner use as one of the 193solutions'94 to climate change impacts, the Department of Energy has decided to roll back energy efficiency standards for air conditioners. par )pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrsidlO947 640 par }pard ql fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapQ {fs24insrsi d10947640 To fill the void left by federal inaction on this issue, some states are now initiating measures, within their borders, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For example, Massach usetts last year adopted state regulations requiring carbon dioxide reductions by power plants, and par Ipard ql li0rionowidctlparfaautorlnOlinOitapO {fs24insrsidl0947 file:I/ :SEARCH_7_28_03 CEQ304f 9yzr8003 ceq 0001A.xt 6/23/2006
  13. 13. Page 5 of 7 640 New Hampshire recently enacted '93cap and trade94 legislation. }{fGfs 4 24insrsidlO947E O Californiarquote s legislature has just passed a bill that will lead to the '93 maximum feasible94 reductions of }(fs24insrsidlOS4764O carbon dioxide emiss ions from vehicles. New York is also considering a carbon cap. Continued fede ral inaction will inevitably lead to a wider range of state regulator y efforts. in addition, states and others are beginning to review their litig ation options. 4 par I{fs24ulinsrsidl09476 0 par Only Mandatory Federal Carbon Caps of Appropriate Levels Can Provide Regul atory Certainty par par )pard ql fi720liOrionowidctlparfaautorinoliflOitapO {fs24itisrsi d10947640 We obviously support our statesrguote regulatory and litigation eff orts on this issue. At the same time, however, we want to make it clear that state-by- state action is not our preferred option. We believe that such regulation or 1 itigation will increase the uncertainty facing the business community, thus pot entially making th e most cost-effective solutions more difficult. Moreover, we agree that the global nature of the climate change problem would be most efficiently addressed by comprehensive regulatory action at the national level. A recent Department of Energy Report concluded that the United States could address carbon dioxide emissions issues with minimal disruption of energy supply and at modest cost, but }(fts24ulins rsid10947640 only) {fs24insrsidlO94764O with fully integrated planning. )( ifs24insrsidlO947G4O See) tfs24insrsidlO947640 Energy Information Administ ration, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, US Department of Energy, I 93 Analysis of Strategies for Reducing Multiple Emissions from Electric Power Plan 94 ts with Advanced Technology Scenarios, 1 SR/OIAF/2001-05 (October 2001). Thi s integrated planning can only come with regulatory certainty. par }pard gl li0rionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO (fs24insrsidl0947 64 0 par )pard ql fi720li0rionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO ffs24insrsi d10947 640 In particular, we believe that a market-based program that would cap greenhouse gases holds great promise. Such an approach has a proven track record as one effective tool in the regulatory toolbox, as you have noted in other contexts. We strongly belie ye that prompt implementation of a market-based approach that caps greenhouse g as emissions would promote significant benefits for public health, welfare and the environment in a manner that would be consistent with strong economic polic ies. 7 par )pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrsidl094 64 0 44 par ){fs24ulinsrsidlO9476 O sect )sectd ljnex0headeryl440footeryl 0s 4 ectdefaultclsftnbijsaftnnar pardplain ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOl inoitap0 f2~agO3lnfl3gi~agpO3lnfnl3 (fs24ulins rsid10947640 Conclusion 4 )(fs24insrsidlO9476 0 par par )pard ql fi720li0rionowidctlparfaautorinolinoitapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 We very much appreciate your Adininistrationrquote s formally acknowl edging the magnitude and nature of the climate change problem. In light of the ifs24insrsid10947640 Reportrquote s ){fs24insrsidlO947E4O findings, howev er, we urge you now to rethink the Administrationrquote s policy response to t he problem. Whil file://ID:SEARCH_7_28_03_CEQ304f-9yzr8003§ceqtOOOl .txt 6/23/2006
  14. 14. Page 6 of 7 nati e individual states are prepared to lead the way, we believe that a strong onal approach will allow for more efficient solutions that will better protect on the American economy in the long run. Please do not hesitate to contact us this critical issu e. par )pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinoliflOitapO (fs24insrsidl0947 640 par par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24irisrs id10947640 Very truly yours, par }pard ql liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinOliflOitapO (fs24insrsidlO947 640 par par par }pard ql fi 4 3 20liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrs idl0947640 Thomas F. Reilly 20 par }pard ql li4320rionowidctlparfaautorinolin43 itapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 Massachusetts Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinoliflOitapO {fs24insrsidl0947 64 0 par 320 par }pard ql li4320rionowidctlparfaautorinOlin4 itapO {fs24insrsi d10947640 par }pard ql fi4320liOriOnowidctlparfaautorinOlinoitapO {fs24insrs id10947640 Bruce M. Botelho par Alaska Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO (fs24insrsidlQ947 640 par par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinoliflOitapO (fs24insrs id10947640 par Bill Lockyer 44 par }pard ql fi2880li1440rionowidctlparfaautoriflolinl 0itapO {fs24 insrsidlO94764O California Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrsidlO947 640 par par Par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlpartaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrs id10947640 Richard Blumenthal par Connecticut Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinoliflQitapO (fs24insrsidl0947 640 par par par }pard ql fi4 3 20liOrionowidctlparfaautoriflolinOitapO ffs24insrs id10947640 G. Steven Rowe par Maine Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrsidIO947 640 par par par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolino&tapO {fs24insrs id10947640 'J. Joseph Curran, Jr. par Maryland Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrsidl0947 640 par par sect }sectd skoelnx~edrl4ooey40scdfutlstb saftnnar pardplain ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO fs2Olan file:/HD:SEARCH_7_28_03 CEQ304f-9yzr8003§cecL900l .txt 6/23/2006
  15. 15. Page 7 of 7 33 4 g1Q33langfelQ33cgridlangnplO33langfenplO (fs24insrsidlo9476 0 par par par 48 par )pard ql fi-2l60li6480ri0nowidctlpartx-l440faautorin0liflE Oita p0 {f36fs24insrsidlOY47E4O Philip T. McLaughlintab par }pard ql fi4320liorionowidctlparfaautorifloliflOitapO (f36fs24i nsrsidlO94764O New Hampshire Attorney General par par }pard gl liOrionowidctlparfaautorinoliflOitapO (f36fs24insrsidl 0947640 par par par )pard gl fi4320liorionowidctlparfaautoriflOlinOitapO {f36fs24i nsrsidlO94764O David Samson par New Jersey Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinOlinOitapO {f36fs24insrsidl 0947640 par par )pard ql fi~l6OliOrionowidctlparfaautoriflolinOitapO {f36fs24i nsrsidlOS476 4 O par )pard ql liorionowidctlparfaautoriflolinOitapO (f36ts24iflsrsidl 0947640 par }pard ql fi4320liOrionowidctlparfaautorinolinOitapO (f36fs24i nsrsidlO94764O Eliot Spitzer par New York Attorney General par }pard ql liorionowidctlparfaautoriflolinOitapO {f36fs24iflsrsidl 0947640 par par par par )pard ql fi43201i0rionowidctlparfaautoriflOlinOitapO {f36fs24i nsrsidlO94 7 E 4 O Sheldon Whitehouse Par Rhode Island Attorney General par }pard ql liOrionowidctlparfaautorinoliflOitapO {t36fs24insrsidl 0947640 par par par }pard ql fi 7 20liOri0nowidctlparfaautorinolinoitapO {f36fs24in srsidlO94764O par )pard ql fi 4 320liorionowidctlparfaautoriflolinOitapO {f36fs24i nsrsidlO9476 4 O William H. Sorrell par Vermont Attorney General) {fs24insrsid10947640 par }pard ql liOrionowidctlpartaautorinolinOitapO {fs24insrsidlO947 640 par par par par par par cc. Christine Todd Whitman, EPA Par file:/D:SEARCH 7 28 03 CEQ304f 9yzr8003 ceqfOOl1.txt 6/23/2006

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