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We were given an assignment which is designing a green space that we
develop through our mind brings a different view of modernism garden
design .Our site is located at Taylor’s University Block E Level 2 . Base on
the brief that we were given we were to select a site where by 10m x10m
within the campus . Our aim of this assignment is to allow us to carries
out leisure activities , sightseeing , relaxing ,and enjoyment sense of the
Site Opportunity And Challenges
The site has an excellent view of the lake that is placed in Taylor’s
University and buildings
It is located at the end of Block E Level 2 facing the basketball court.
Level 2 have Lecture Theater 18, 19 and 20 which needed to have
The site is suitable to be used as a quiet relaxing recreational area.
This site also suitable as a place to enjoy the view, release stress after
having lecture in the Lecture Theater, discussion or a place to chill.
This site can be also example for all the FNBE students for site visit.
Other than usage and the views of the site, the proposal of this project
also has to take safety precaution and also comfort for the user’s.
Example, Shades to block the sun from shining to the user’s.
Resting Planing – A quiet place for students to relax, have a sleep, chill
and also de-stress.
Trees that been panted to reduce noise to not disturb Lecture Theater
Safe Place – Railing to prevent user’s from falling.
Small hut – To relax, study and have a quiet time.
Green initiative – Planting at 2nd level, to provide shade, to cool wall, to
prevent heat from the afternoon sun at the glass wall.
Maintenance – Plant, Cleanliness, reduce need for pruning and cutting
The plant is edible and its common names include ulam raja,
literally meaning "the King's salad". It was brought by the
Spaniards from Latin America, via the Philippines, to the rest
of Southeast Asia. Ulam, a Malay word used to describe a
preparation that combines food, medicine and beauty is the
widely popular Malay herbal salad. As a Malaysian delight, it is
served throughout the country from major hotels for tourists
to buffet lunches or dinners for the locals. Ulam Raja is
an annual plant growing up 2 m in height. The leaves are soft
and pungent while the stem is light green with a purplish hue
and succulent. As night falls the leaves fold to close the
terminal buds as the plant literally sleeps. The flowers can be
found solitary or in a loose clusters and are produced on a
single stalk on auxiliary head. The Malay people believe that
the herb is good for health and contains anti-aging properties
or awet muda, and that it tones up blood circulation,
strengthens the bones and promotes fresh breath.
In Indonesian cuisine and Malay cuisine the leaves of this plant
are used for salad.
Urap and pecel, both are type of Indonesian salad. Both are
different in dressing, one with cooked grated coconut and
spicy peanut sauce
The Planting Plan
Eurycoma longifolia (commonly called tongkat ali or pasak bumi) is a flowering
plant in the family Simaroubaceae, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and, to a lesser
extent, Thailand,Vietnam, and Laos. It is also known under the names penawar
pahit, penawar bias, bedara merah, bedara putih, lempedu pahit, payong
ali, tongkat baginda, muntah bumi, petala bumi(all Malay); bidara
laut (Indonesian); babi kurus (Javanese);cây bá bệnh (Vietnamese) and tho
nan (Laotian). Many of the common names refer to the plant's medicinal use and
extreme bitterness. Penawar pahit translates simply as "bitter charm" or "bitter
medicine". Older literature, such as a 1953 article in the Journal of Ecology, may
cite only penawar pahitas the plant's common Malay name. A medium size
slender shrub reaching 10 m in height, often unbranched with reddish brown
petioles. Leaves compound, even pinnate reaching 1 m in length. Each
compound leaf consists of 30-40 leaflets, lanceolate to obovate-lanceolate. Each
leaflet is about 5–20 cm long, 1.5–6 cm wide, much paler on the ventral side..
Petals small, very fine pubescent. Drupe hard, ovoid, yellowish brown when
young and brownish red when ripe. In Malaysia, the common use
of E.longifolia (apart from traditional medicine and dietary supplements) are as
food and drink additive. Specifically, it is a common ingredient for coffee and
functional beverage positioned as energy drinks.
Given the availability of abundant and cheap varieties of herbs (and the
significant higher pricing of well-extracted E. longifolia), instances where
products may falsely claim the content of its ingredient is rampant.
Interestingly, an electronic tongue detecting the presence and concentration
of quassinoids to determine the use of genuine E longifolia was invented.
The Planting Plan
Melastoma malabathricum, known also as Malabar Melastome, Indian
Rhododendron and Singapore
M. malabathricum is a known hyperaccumulator of aluminium, and as such
can be used for phytoremediation. The taxonomy of the
genus Melastoma requires a complete revision. Early genetics studies were
published from 2001,through to recently, but a revision based on them
has yet to be. In 2001 Karsten Meyer proposed a revision in which the
species Melastoma affine and other species were subsumed within this
species M. malabathricum.
In Australia, currently most authorities do not accept this; instead the
naturally occurring populations inWestern Australia, Northern
Territory, Queensland and north eastern New South Wales remain
recognised as M. affine, except by authorities in Queenslan Australian
populations which occur as weeds, having different flowers, for example in
Warraroon Reserve, Lane Cove, Sydney, further south than the natural
distribution of M. affine, are introduced plants of this M.
The Planting Plan
Hibiscus Sabdariffa (Roselle) is a supplemental herb that is derived
from the plant's calyces, which are the collection of sepals separating the
blooming flower from the stem. The calyces have traditionally been
steeped into tea where the anthocyanins (red-blue pigmentation) is
steeped into the water and drank for medicinal purposes.
Although it has a variety of claims medicinally, it appears to have
evidence to support its role in reducing blood pressure in persons with
elevated blood pressure. It may be this through ACE inhibitory potential
(although this is admittedly weak) or benefitting the endothelium via
Nitric oxide related mechanisms (appears to be in better accordance
with the amount of anthocyanins that reach the blood). Reductions in
both diastolic and systolic blood pressure have been noted, and for the
most part appear to be reliable in presence although not so much in
magnitude of benefit (ie. blood pressure is reliably reduced, but the degree of reduction seems to vary).
The Planting Plan
Pelargonium 'citrosum' is marketed as "mosquito plant" or
"citrosa geranium" in stores in the United States and Canada,
even though research indicates the plant is protecting
humans against Aedes mosquito bites, the mosquitoes were
seen landing and resting on the citrosa plant on a regular
It is claimed that Pelargonium 'Citriodorum' may be a genetic
bonding of the African geranium with genes
from cymbopogongrass, but that claim has also been proven
The citronella geranium is not to be confused with others
that are also called "mosquito plant", nor with the group of
plants also known as citronella grass, or with Citronella
mucronata (Chilean Citronella).
Pelargonium 'citrosum' is hardy to USDA Zone 10-11
Henna (Lawsonia inermis, also known as hina, the henna tree, the mignonette tree, and
the Egyptian privet) is a flowering plant and the sole species of the Lawsonia genus. The name henna also refers to the dye prepared
from the plant and the art of temporary tattooing based on those dyes (see alsoMehndi). Henna has been used since antiquity to dye
skin, hair, and fingernails, as well as fabrics including silk, wool, and leather. The name is used in other skin and hair dyes, such as black
henna and neutral henna, neither of which is derived from the henna plant. Historically, henna was used for cosmetic purposes
in Ancient Egypt, as well as other parts of North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Near East and South Asia. It was
also popular among women in Iberia and elsewhere in Europe during the 19th-century. Bridal henna nights remain an important
custom in many of these areas, particularly among traditional families. Henna is a tall shrub or small tree, standing 1.8 to 7.6 m tall (6 to
25 ft). It is glabrous and multi-branched, with spine-tipped branchlets. The leaves grow opposite each other on the stem. They are
glabrous, sub-sessile, elliptical, and lanceolate (long and wider in the middle; average dimensions are 1.5–5.0 cm x 0.5–2 cm or 0.6–2 in x
0.2–0.8 in), acuminate (tapering to a long point), and have depressed veins on the dorsal surface. Henna flowers have four sepals and
a 2 mm (0.079 in) calyxtube, with 3 mm (0.12 in) spread lobes. Its petals are obvate, with white or red stamens found in pairs on the rim
of the calyx tube. The ovary is four-celled, 5 mm (0.20 in) long, and erect. Henna fruits are small, brownish capsules, 4–8 mm (0.16–
0.31 in) in diameter, with 32–49 seeds per fruit, and open irregularly into four splits.
The Planting Plan
It is one of the most commonly grown plants in
subtropical and tropical gardens.
Bougainvillea flowers are white and tubular and
only 1 inch long.
The bracts can be purple, red, yellow, orange or
pink and some modern cultivars have double
bract structures and mixed colors.
The flowers and bracts are long-lasting and grow
on the end of new branches. Bougainvillea rarely
sets seed in cultivation.
The leaves of bougainvillea plants grow
alternately on the stems and are oval or heart
shaped with a pointed tip.
They are up to 4 inches long and 2 inches across.
Bougainvillea is by nature a vigorous and chaotic
plant that produces long, trailing stems covered
in sharp spines.
It can be grown as a climber or pruned into a
free-standing shrub up to 10 feet tall.
Bougainvillea can also be shaped into a hedge
and benefit from heavy pruning, as the
flowerscome on new growth.
The Planting Plan
Large plants can be 40 feet long and cover entire pergolas. each 6 ft
Living fencing can be an alternative to conventional wire, wood, vinyl and masonry fences. As noted in David Beaulieu's excellent
article "Living Walls as Privacy Fences", living fencing has certain advantages:
lower cost, more attractive, fruit production, reduces traffic noise, seasonal foliage variation provides a habitat for birds and small
animals sometimes less restricted by zoning regulations can be pruned and sculpted into different shapes. Living fences make excellent
privacy screens around your property. Planting a thicket of small trees or shrubs creates an effective barrier. Flowering bushes,
deciduous and evergreen shrubs can be planted. The type of plants used will determine the height, width and appearance of the fence.
How they are planted will determine the visual and physical tightness of the barrier. If necessary, a conventional fence can also be used
to keep pets and children in the yard. A living fence can also be used around smaller areas in the yard such as patios. Living snow fences
can also be a great alternative to plastic or wood snow fencing. The design will determine downwind snow distribution. A dense
multiple row living snow fence will pile snow in a restricted area, reducing the need to plow highways and driveways. To make
windbreak for the uniform distribution of snow across a field, a single row of tall deciduous trees can be spaced 15 to 20 feet apart.
Snow will be distributed to a distance of 10 to 15 times the height of the trees.
The Planting Plan
Morning Glory Flower
Annual climbers with slender
stems, heart-shaped leaves, and trumpet-
shaped flowers in pink, purple-blue,
magenta, or white.
Beautiful shaped before they
unfold in the sun and romantic tendrils
that lend old-fashioned charm.
Morning glory vines reach a height
of 10 feet or more
The plant is predisposed to moist
and rich soil, but can be found growing in
wide array of soil types.
The Planting Plan
Bird of Paradise Flower
Bird of paradise known as crane flower, is
one of the most beautiful exotic flower.
Birds-of-Paradise flowers make the plant an
exceptionally attractive landscape plant.
Birds of Paradise foliage resembles small
banana leaves with long petioles.
The leaves on the Birds of Paradise plant are
arranged strictly in two ranks to form a fan-like
crown of evergreen foliage, thick, waxy, and glossy
green, making it a very attractive ornamental plant.
The leaf blades are 6 inches wide and 18
The Birds of Paradise plant usually reaches a
height of 4 feet.
o The Birds of Paradise flower
inflorescence is borne atop long scape, or pedicels,
that grow to 5 feet or more in height.
After we analysis and observe our 10M X 10M site, we come out a concept to support and complemented our site. Our idea
progression originated from the idea of British garden.
This idea brought up is to make people get some peaceful rest and a great view. Relax and quiet is what we concentrate in
our site and due to a good scene from the lake we get to come out with this idea and concept for our site.
Our idea is to cover up the bad side of our site and brighten our good site which is the good view of the lake so we will place
few gazebos right beside the view just for the people to rest and see the view.
Of course we also focus on the greenery in our site so we will plant some grass on the ground and plant a lot of plantation,
this help the site to be peaceful and of course green. This can help our environment to get better.
Our design is not only for day time only it is also for night time for those people who always stay up till late night to get some
place to chill so we will also build in some lights for that along the walkway, so people also able to study there at night.
We also added a fountain into the middle of our site that can help fertilizing the air and also have water movement in the site
so in that site wouldn’t feel so dead.
We emphasize recycling and cleanliness in our site s recycle bin will be placed in the site so it is easy for people to throw
In our site we also provide benches for people to rest and sit and chill
The Existing Site
Currently the existing site is not using so the place is a abandon area sort of thing
with no accessibility to that particular area. The site has a average of good view
and also a good sounding. The fence railing around our site is 1m height and there
is a drain at the edge of our site. The floor condition is not that good there are
cracks on the floor and it is only cement with no other coverage such as marble or
This landscape proposal was conclude after analysis of the site and also
its surroundings, and also what the space ae used for. It is a balcony which
has potential to be fully utilised as a study area for the medical students
using the herb plant’s. This proposal also seeks take advantage of the view
of the lake.
The main components of the project is the herbal plants, the fountain,
the chill and relaxing area. These zones are all shared by the enjoyment of
the plants that gave herbal smell and also nice colour, also help to de-
stress the students from intense activities.
This landscape proposal will be one of a major landmark in Taylor’s
campus and it should be take it as it will bring benefits to both the
students and management.
Item Description Unit Cost (per) Total Cost
A Bench 2 RM449 RM898
B Garden soil(18kg) 5 RM38 RM190
C Carpet grass(10x10meter) 1 RM81 RM81
D Gazebo 3 RM990 RM2970
E Walkway light 4 RM580 RM2320
F Large fountain 1 RM17000 RM17000
G Recycle bin 1 RM385 RM385
H Construction labour 3 RM3000 RM9000
I Fairy stone walk way(3.2mx1.4) 4 RM1200 RM4800
J Underground splinker water 1 RM4050 RM4050
K Brick ( 0.5mx0.4m) 120 RM1.35 RM162
L Supervisour 1 RM5880 RM5880
M Fencing plant 100 RM36 RM3600
N Cement 3 RM52 RM156
O Bougainvilea Tree 3 RM994 RM2982
P Cosmos caudatur 5 RM36 RM180
Q Eurycoma longifolia 3 RM63 RM189
R Melastoma malabathricum 4 RM43 RM172
S Hibiscus Sabdariffa 4 RM43 RM172
T Pelargonium Citrosum 4 RM62 RM248
U Lawsonia inermis 5 RM72 RM360
Total Amount : RM55795
Maintenance Cost for Taylor's University Rooftop Garden
Item Description Frequency Rate (per) Annual Cost
A Gardener Weekly RM 135 RM 7020
B 3 labour Month RM280 RM7200
C Transport Month RM400 RM4800
D Fertiliser (20 Liters) Month RM100 RM1200
E Pest control Month RM100 RM1200
G Replacing dead plants Month RM100 RM1200
F Cleaning Month RM400 RM4800
G Water usage Month RM600 RM7200
H Electric usage Month RM80 RM960
Total Amount : RM34380
The maintenance plan
The overall cost for maintenance is only provided for 12 months. After 12
months contractor will not take part anymore and the job will be hand
over to the school maintenance department. During the 1 year the
maintenance included watering, fertilizing, clearing etc, and any others
job school management will take part. The underground system will be
under warranty, any damage or system error will not be charge by
servicing for 2 years. From the end of planting until the end of
maintenance period, the contractor is required to replace dead, stolen and
dying plants will all responsible by the contractor, therefore contractor
might pay for all these cost if any incident happened. Perhaps,
sponsorship can be sourced for the construction as well as maintenance of
the project. Sponsors such as medical agency like to carry out based on
our herbs planting concept for the construction.
Site analysis Area of landscape:
The area of our site 10m x 10m
and in a total area of 100m²
Location: The open balcony
beside block E
Current use: Open balcony
Final Project Report
Site: Block E Level 2 Balcony
Toh Kean Hou 0319575
Tan Kah Jun 0320119
Lum Si Chu 0319502
Chong Wai Loon 0319745
Carlson Ko 0319564
Chai Chin Ee 0907p72950
Study Objective Site Identification
Site Identification & Data
Collection (Site Research and
Cost Plan & Maintenance Plan