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  1. 1. INTRODUCTION We were given an assignment which is designing a green space that we develop through our mind brings a different view of modernism garden design .Our site is located at Taylor’s University Block E Level 2 . Base on the brief that we were given we were to select a site where by 10m x10m within the campus . Our aim of this assignment is to allow us to carries out leisure activities , sightseeing , relaxing ,and enjoyment sense of the environment .
  2. 2. Site Opportunity And Challenges  The site has an excellent view of the lake that is placed in Taylor’s University and buildings  It is located at the end of Block E Level 2 facing the basketball court. Level 2 have Lecture Theater 18, 19 and 20 which needed to have quiet place.  The site is suitable to be used as a quiet relaxing recreational area. This site also suitable as a place to enjoy the view, release stress after having lecture in the Lecture Theater, discussion or a place to chill. This site can be also example for all the FNBE students for site visit.  Other than usage and the views of the site, the proposal of this project also has to take safety precaution and also comfort for the user’s. Example, Shades to block the sun from shining to the user’s.
  3. 3. Design Criteria  Resting Planing – A quiet place for students to relax, have a sleep, chill and also de-stress.  Trees that been panted to reduce noise to not disturb Lecture Theater  Safe Place – Railing to prevent user’s from falling.  Small hut – To relax, study and have a quiet time.  Green initiative – Planting at 2nd level, to provide shade, to cool wall, to prevent heat from the afternoon sun at the glass wall.  Maintenance – Plant, Cleanliness, reduce need for pruning and cutting grass.
  4. 4. The plant is edible and its common names include ulam raja, literally meaning "the King's salad". It was brought by the Spaniards from Latin America, via the Philippines, to the rest of Southeast Asia. Ulam, a Malay word used to describe a preparation that combines food, medicine and beauty is the widely popular Malay herbal salad. As a Malaysian delight, it is served throughout the country from major hotels for tourists to buffet lunches or dinners for the locals. Ulam Raja is an annual plant growing up 2 m in height. The leaves are soft and pungent while the stem is light green with a purplish hue and succulent. As night falls the leaves fold to close the terminal buds as the plant literally sleeps. The flowers can be found solitary or in a loose clusters and are produced on a single stalk on auxiliary head. The Malay people believe that the herb is good for health and contains anti-aging properties or awet muda, and that it tones up blood circulation, strengthens the bones and promotes fresh breath. In Indonesian cuisine and Malay cuisine the leaves of this plant are used for salad. Urap and pecel, both are type of Indonesian salad. Both are different in dressing, one with cooked grated coconut and spicy peanut sauce
  5. 5. The Planting Plan Eurycoma longifolia Eurycoma longifolia (commonly called tongkat ali or pasak bumi) is a flowering plant in the family Simaroubaceae, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and, to a lesser extent, Thailand,Vietnam, and Laos. It is also known under the names penawar pahit, penawar bias, bedara merah, bedara putih, lempedu pahit, payong ali, tongkat baginda, muntah bumi, petala bumi(all Malay); bidara laut (Indonesian); babi kurus (Javanese);cây bá bệnh (Vietnamese) and tho nan (Laotian). Many of the common names refer to the plant's medicinal use and extreme bitterness. Penawar pahit translates simply as "bitter charm" or "bitter medicine". Older literature, such as a 1953 article in the Journal of Ecology, may cite only penawar pahitas the plant's common Malay name. A medium size slender shrub reaching 10 m in height, often unbranched with reddish brown petioles. Leaves compound, even pinnate reaching 1 m in length. Each compound leaf consists of 30-40 leaflets, lanceolate to obovate-lanceolate. Each leaflet is about 5–20 cm long, 1.5–6 cm wide, much paler on the ventral side.. Petals small, very fine pubescent. Drupe hard, ovoid, yellowish brown when young and brownish red when ripe. In Malaysia, the common use of E.longifolia (apart from traditional medicine and dietary supplements) are as food and drink additive. Specifically, it is a common ingredient for coffee and functional beverage positioned as energy drinks. Given the availability of abundant and cheap varieties of herbs (and the significant higher pricing of well-extracted E. longifolia), instances where products may falsely claim the content of its ingredient is rampant. Interestingly, an electronic tongue detecting the presence and concentration of quassinoids to determine the use of genuine E longifolia was invented.
  6. 6. The Planting Plan Melastoma Melastoma malabathricum, known also as Malabar Melastome, Indian Rhododendron and Singapore M. malabathricum is a known hyperaccumulator of aluminium, and as such can be used for phytoremediation. The taxonomy of the genus Melastoma requires a complete revision. Early genetics studies were published from 2001,[7]through to recently, but a revision based on them has yet to be. In 2001 Karsten Meyer proposed a revision in which the species Melastoma affine and other species were subsumed within this species M. malabathricum. In Australia, currently most authorities do not accept this; instead the naturally occurring populations inWestern Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and north eastern New South Wales remain recognised as M. affine, except by authorities in Queenslan Australian populations which occur as weeds, having different flowers, for example in Warraroon Reserve, Lane Cove, Sydney, further south than the natural distribution of M. affine, are introduced plants of this M. malabathricum L.species.
  7. 7. The Planting Plan Hibiscus Sabdariffa Hibiscus Sabdariffa (Roselle) is a supplemental herb that is derived from the plant's calyces, which are the collection of sepals separating the blooming flower from the stem. The calyces have traditionally been steeped into tea where the anthocyanins (red-blue pigmentation) is steeped into the water and drank for medicinal purposes. Although it has a variety of claims medicinally, it appears to have evidence to support its role in reducing blood pressure in persons with elevated blood pressure. It may be this through ACE inhibitory potential (although this is admittedly weak) or benefitting the endothelium via Nitric oxide related mechanisms (appears to be in better accordance with the amount of anthocyanins that reach the blood). Reductions in both diastolic and systolic blood pressure have been noted, and for the most part appear to be reliable in presence although not so much in magnitude of benefit (ie. blood pressure is reliably reduced, but the degree of reduction seems to vary).
  8. 8. The Planting Plan Pelargonium Pelargonium 'citrosum' is marketed as "mosquito plant" or "citrosa geranium" in stores in the United States and Canada, even though research indicates the plant is protecting humans against Aedes mosquito bites, the mosquitoes were seen landing and resting on the citrosa plant on a regular basis." It is claimed that Pelargonium 'Citriodorum' may be a genetic bonding of the African geranium with genes from cymbopogongrass, but that claim has also been proven false. The citronella geranium is not to be confused with others that are also called "mosquito plant", nor with the group of plants also known as citronella grass, or with Citronella mucronata (Chilean Citronella). Pelargonium 'citrosum' is hardy to USDA Zone 10-11
  9. 9. Henna (Lawsonia inermis, also known as hina, the henna tree, the mignonette tree, and the Egyptian privet) is a flowering plant and the sole species of the Lawsonia genus. The name henna also refers to the dye prepared from the plant and the art of temporary tattooing based on those dyes (see alsoMehndi). Henna has been used since antiquity to dye skin, hair, and fingernails, as well as fabrics including silk, wool, and leather. The name is used in other skin and hair dyes, such as black henna and neutral henna, neither of which is derived from the henna plant. Historically, henna was used for cosmetic purposes in Ancient Egypt, as well as other parts of North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Near East and South Asia. It was also popular among women in Iberia and elsewhere in Europe during the 19th-century. Bridal henna nights remain an important custom in many of these areas, particularly among traditional families. Henna is a tall shrub or small tree, standing 1.8 to 7.6 m tall (6 to 25 ft). It is glabrous and multi-branched, with spine-tipped branchlets. The leaves grow opposite each other on the stem. They are glabrous, sub-sessile, elliptical, and lanceolate (long and wider in the middle; average dimensions are 1.5–5.0 cm x 0.5–2 cm or 0.6–2 in x 0.2–0.8 in), acuminate (tapering to a long point), and have depressed veins on the dorsal surface.[2] Henna flowers have four sepals and a 2 mm (0.079 in) calyxtube, with 3 mm (0.12 in) spread lobes. Its petals are obvate, with white or red stamens found in pairs on the rim of the calyx tube. The ovary is four-celled, 5 mm (0.20 in) long, and erect. Henna fruits are small, brownish capsules, 4–8 mm (0.16– 0.31 in) in diameter, with 32–49 seeds per fruit, and open irregularly into four splits.
  10. 10. The Planting Plan Bougainvillea Tree It is one of the most commonly grown plants in subtropical and tropical gardens. Bougainvillea flowers are white and tubular and only 1 inch long. The bracts can be purple, red, yellow, orange or pink and some modern cultivars have double bract structures and mixed colors. The flowers and bracts are long-lasting and grow on the end of new branches. Bougainvillea rarely sets seed in cultivation. The leaves of bougainvillea plants grow alternately on the stems and are oval or heart shaped with a pointed tip. They are up to 4 inches long and 2 inches across. Bougainvillea is by nature a vigorous and chaotic plant that produces long, trailing stems covered in sharp spines. It can be grown as a climber or pruned into a free-standing shrub up to 10 feet tall. Bougainvillea can also be shaped into a hedge and benefit from heavy pruning, as the flowerscome on new growth.
  11. 11. The Planting Plan Large plants Large plants can be 40 feet long and cover entire pergolas. each 6 ft Living fencing can be an alternative to conventional wire, wood, vinyl and masonry fences. As noted in David Beaulieu's excellent article "Living Walls as Privacy Fences", living fencing has certain advantages: lower cost, more attractive, fruit production, reduces traffic noise, seasonal foliage variation provides a habitat for birds and small animals sometimes less restricted by zoning regulations can be pruned and sculpted into different shapes. Living fences make excellent privacy screens around your property. Planting a thicket of small trees or shrubs creates an effective barrier. Flowering bushes, deciduous and evergreen shrubs can be planted. The type of plants used will determine the height, width and appearance of the fence. How they are planted will determine the visual and physical tightness of the barrier. If necessary, a conventional fence can also be used to keep pets and children in the yard. A living fence can also be used around smaller areas in the yard such as patios. Living snow fences can also be a great alternative to plastic or wood snow fencing. The design will determine downwind snow distribution. A dense multiple row living snow fence will pile snow in a restricted area, reducing the need to plow highways and driveways. To make windbreak for the uniform distribution of snow across a field, a single row of tall deciduous trees can be spaced 15 to 20 feet apart. Snow will be distributed to a distance of 10 to 15 times the height of the trees.
  12. 12. The Planting Plan Morning Glory Flower  Annual climbers with slender stems, heart-shaped leaves, and trumpet- shaped flowers in pink, purple-blue, magenta, or white.  Beautiful shaped before they unfold in the sun and romantic tendrils that lend old-fashioned charm.  Morning glory vines reach a height of 10 feet or more  The plant is predisposed to moist and rich soil, but can be found growing in a wide array of soil types.
  13. 13. Bad View Legends Moderate View Moderate View Good View Noise Sunshine Wind
  14. 14. The Planting Plan Bird of Paradise Flower  Bird of paradise known as crane flower, is one of the most beautiful exotic flower.  Birds-of-Paradise flowers make the plant an exceptionally attractive landscape plant.  Birds of Paradise foliage resembles small banana leaves with long petioles.  The leaves on the Birds of Paradise plant are arranged strictly in two ranks to form a fan-like crown of evergreen foliage, thick, waxy, and glossy green, making it a very attractive ornamental plant.  The leaf blades are 6 inches wide and 18 inches long.  The Birds of Paradise plant usually reaches a height of 4 feet. o The Birds of Paradise flower inflorescence is borne atop long scape, or pedicels, that grow to 5 feet or more in height.
  15. 15. Design Concept After we analysis and observe our 10M X 10M site, we come out a concept to support and complemented our site. Our idea progression originated from the idea of British garden. This idea brought up is to make people get some peaceful rest and a great view. Relax and quiet is what we concentrate in our site and due to a good scene from the lake we get to come out with this idea and concept for our site. Our idea is to cover up the bad side of our site and brighten our good site which is the good view of the lake so we will place few gazebos right beside the view just for the people to rest and see the view. Of course we also focus on the greenery in our site so we will plant some grass on the ground and plant a lot of plantation, this help the site to be peaceful and of course green. This can help our environment to get better. Our design is not only for day time only it is also for night time for those people who always stay up till late night to get some place to chill so we will also build in some lights for that along the walkway, so people also able to study there at night. We also added a fountain into the middle of our site that can help fertilizing the air and also have water movement in the site so in that site wouldn’t feel so dead. We emphasize recycling and cleanliness in our site s recycle bin will be placed in the site so it is easy for people to throw rubbish. In our site we also provide benches for people to rest and sit and chill
  16. 16. The Existing Site Currently the existing site is not using so the place is a abandon area sort of thing with no accessibility to that particular area. The site has a average of good view and also a good sounding. The fence railing around our site is 1m height and there is a drain at the edge of our site. The floor condition is not that good there are cracks on the floor and it is only cement with no other coverage such as marble or timber.
  17. 17. Conclusion This landscape proposal was conclude after analysis of the site and also its surroundings, and also what the space ae used for. It is a balcony which has potential to be fully utilised as a study area for the medical students using the herb plant’s. This proposal also seeks take advantage of the view of the lake. The main components of the project is the herbal plants, the fountain, the chill and relaxing area. These zones are all shared by the enjoyment of the plants that gave herbal smell and also nice colour, also help to de- stress the students from intense activities. This landscape proposal will be one of a major landmark in Taylor’s campus and it should be take it as it will bring benefits to both the students and management.
  18. 18. Item Description Unit Cost (per) Total Cost A Bench 2 RM449 RM898 B Garden soil(18kg) 5 RM38 RM190 C Carpet grass(10x10meter) 1 RM81 RM81 D Gazebo 3 RM990 RM2970 E Walkway light 4 RM580 RM2320 F Large fountain 1 RM17000 RM17000 G Recycle bin 1 RM385 RM385 H Construction labour 3 RM3000 RM9000 I Fairy stone walk way(3.2mx1.4) 4 RM1200 RM4800 J Underground splinker water 1 RM4050 RM4050 K Brick ( 0.5mx0.4m) 120 RM1.35 RM162 L Supervisour 1 RM5880 RM5880 M Fencing plant 100 RM36 RM3600 N Cement 3 RM52 RM156 O Bougainvilea Tree 3 RM994 RM2982 P Cosmos caudatur 5 RM36 RM180 Q Eurycoma longifolia 3 RM63 RM189 R Melastoma malabathricum 4 RM43 RM172 S Hibiscus Sabdariffa 4 RM43 RM172 T Pelargonium Citrosum 4 RM62 RM248 U Lawsonia inermis 5 RM72 RM360 Total Amount : RM55795
  19. 19. Maintenance Cost for Taylor's University Rooftop Garden Item Description Frequency Rate (per) Annual Cost Maintenance A Gardener Weekly RM 135 RM 7020 B 3 labour Month RM280 RM7200 C Transport Month RM400 RM4800 D Fertiliser (20 Liters) Month RM100 RM1200 E Pest control Month RM100 RM1200 G Replacing dead plants Month RM100 RM1200 F Cleaning Month RM400 RM4800 G Water usage Month RM600 RM7200 H Electric usage Month RM80 RM960 Total Amount : RM34380
  20. 20. The maintenance plan The overall cost for maintenance is only provided for 12 months. After 12 months contractor will not take part anymore and the job will be hand over to the school maintenance department. During the 1 year the maintenance included watering, fertilizing, clearing etc, and any others job school management will take part. The underground system will be under warranty, any damage or system error will not be charge by servicing for 2 years. From the end of planting until the end of maintenance period, the contractor is required to replace dead, stolen and dying plants will all responsible by the contractor, therefore contractor might pay for all these cost if any incident happened. Perhaps, sponsorship can be sourced for the construction as well as maintenance of the project. Sponsors such as medical agency like to carry out based on our herbs planting concept for the construction.
  21. 21. Site View
  22. 22. Study Objective OUR SITE!!!
  23. 23. Site analysis 12.2 m  Site analysis Area of landscape: The area of our site 10m x 10m and in a total area of 100m²  Location: The open balcony beside block E  Accessibility: Staircase  Current use: Open balcony (Empty Space)
  24. 24. CONSTRUCTED LANDSCAPE Landscape Project Final Project Report Site: Block E Level 2 Balcony Group members: Toh Kean Hou 0319575 Tan Kah Jun 0320119 Lum Si Chu 0319502 Chong Wai Loon 0319745 Carlson Ko 0319564 Chai Chin Ee 0907p72950
  25. 25. Introduction Study Objective Site Identification Site Identification & Data Collection (Site Research and inspection) Concept Planning  Usage  Circulation Elements Master Plan Cost Plan & Maintenance Plan Specifications Construction Details Planting Plan Formulae and Design Objectives Site Analysis, Site Control, Site possibilities
  26. 26. Site View East View
  27. 27. Bad View Legends Moderate View Moderate View Good View Noise Sunshine Wind