Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Die SlideShare-Präsentation wird heruntergeladen. ×

FUTURE OF SMART CITIES.pdf

Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Wird geladen in …3
×

Hier ansehen

1 von 30 Anzeige
Anzeige

Weitere Verwandte Inhalte

Aktuellste (20)

Anzeige

FUTURE OF SMART CITIES.pdf

  1. 1. FUTURE OF SMART CITIES Wafa Abidi Smruthik Mukesh
  2. 2. What are Smart Cities? A smart city is an urban development using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Internet of Things (IoT) to provide useful information to effectively manage resources and assets. This includes data collected from citizens and mechanical devices, that are processed and analyzed to monitor and manage traffic and transport systems, power plants, water supply networks, waste disposal, etc.
  3. 3. Also called eco-city or sustainable city, the smart city aims to improve the quality of urban services or reduce its costs. It stands out for its specificities: smart management, lifestyle, mobility, housing, as well as a smart economy. Their main goal is to reconcile technological innovation with the economic, social and ecological challenges of the city of tomorrow. Their leitmotiv is the quality of life: how to live better together while respecting our environment.
  4. 4. Characteristics of a Smart City 1. Make more efficient use of physical infrastructure (roads, built environment and other physical assets) through artificial intelligence and data analytics in order to support a strong and healthy economic, social, cultural development. 2. Engage effectively with local governance by use of open innovation processes and e-participation, improving the collective intelligence of the city's institutions through e-governance,with emphasis placed on citizen participation and co-design. 3. Learn, adapt and innovate and thereby respond more effectively and promptly to changing circumstances by improving the intelligence of the city.
  5. 5. Benefits of Smart Cities 1. Environmental impact Reducing the CO2 footprint is the main driver behind the development of smart and sustainable cities. Improving energy efficiency and storage, waste management, traffic conditions are among the greatest advantages. 2. Optimized energy & water management Smart grids and smart water management are recurring themes of smart cities. Energy consumption and potable water monitoring ensure the availability of energy and the quality of tap water across the city.
  6. 6. Benefits of Smart Cities 3. Transportation Clean and efficient transportation of goods, services and people is essential. In the hope of optimizing mobility, many cities are turning to smart technologies to ease traffic congestion and provide users with real- time updates. 4. Security Safety is a priority for all cities. The accelerated development of smart cities should allow municipalities to better monitor their citizens thanks to CCTV cameras with facial recognition. In addition, state-of-the-art CCTV cameras are also equipped with motion and smoke detectors, as well as fire alarms.
  7. 7. Challenges of Smart Cities ● INFRASTRUCTURE AND COSTS Smart cities use sensor technology to gather and analyse information such as rush hour stats, air quality or crime rates. The implementation of these sensors requires a sophisticated and costly infrastructure. ● SECURITY AND PRIVACY CONCERNS Even though security is part of the benefits, it can also be regarded as a challenge as the use of IoT and sensor technology increases. In fact, the threat of cyber attacks is a critical issue for smart cities. Also, to avoid concerns about data use, smart cities need to involve their citizens. Awareness, education, and transparency on the purpose of data collection are crucial to make the community feel that they are truly taking part in making their city more sustainable.
  8. 8. ● SOCIAL RISKS Inclusive urbanization must be a priority to deal with the increasing vulnerability of poor and slum populations. That is why we need to ensure that no population is excluded from smart city data collection and use.
  9. 9. Smart Cities technologies 1. Smart buildings The optimisation of services like heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), as well as energy usage and efficiency, is crucial. Building-integrated photovoltaics are a great solution of smart building management.
  10. 10. Smart Cities technologies 2. Smart mobility Promoting electric vehicles, self- service bikes, public transport and carpooling networks, as well as providing charging stations must be a priority, to give city dwellers true sustainable alternatives to the single- occupant fossil fuelled car.
  11. 11. Smart Cities technologies 3. Smart lighting Lighting optimization aims at reducing energy usage of the lighting systems, by providing the correct amount of light at the correct time with efficient fixtures. Intelligent and weather adaptive streetlights are a good example of smart lighting systems.
  12. 12. Smart Cities technologies 4. Smart roads Control sensors can be used to monitor certain traffic patterns and common traffic jams. Besides, smart technologies can detect the possible deterioration of equipment such as traffic lights and light panels for pedestrians, or the effect of traffic on the environment.
  13. 13. Examples of Smart Cities Singapore Oslo
  14. 14. Examples of Smart Cities New York Copenhagen
  15. 15. Adaptive Cities - Future of Smart cities The smart city concept worked well for steady-state conditions, but in a world of continuous disruption, a key requirement for the city is to be able to respond to change and do so with intrinsic agility across both digital and physical aspects of its operating model. Agility in the digital ecosystem is nothing if the city remains brittle in its physical infrastructure. An adaptive city balances lives and livelihoods, resilience and sustainability, and all the political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental conditions that need to be continuously analyzed and acted upon.
  16. 16. Implementing the concept of Adaptive Cities 1. Establish the vision for the adaptive city Adaptability is key since it becomes an enabler to better support all goals. It means you can hit more of your goals more of the time for more of your stakeholders. Since the business goals for the city are continuously changing, the adaptive city will need to support dynamic optimization of the goals themselves so that goals which are in mutual tension, such as traffic volume and CO2 emissions, can be pro-actively managed minute-by-minute.
  17. 17. 2. Design for adaptability To design for adaptability, it is important to focus the design on both digital and physical elements of the city’s architecture. Software adaptability can be accomplished with approaches such as cloud computing, AI, ML, digital twins, software- defined networks, smart contracts, and platform business models. Physical adaptability can be accomplished with approaches such as modular design and construction, multi-functional design, robotics and drones, and techniques which support rapid integration and interoperability or dynamic provisioning
  18. 18. 3. Build for intrinsic agility To build out or renew city infrastructure, these digital and physical enablers will provide much-needed intrinsic agility. By utilizing them during the construction or renovation process, there is adaptability by design for their entire operational lifetime. A timely example is microgrids that can react to shocks, like a self-healing organism, if part of the grid is damaged. In terms of integration, it will be important to pursue a platform business model where intellectual property from startups and other constituents can plug and play into the platform’s services much like the Apple app store. The adaptive city may own and operate this platform as a public service, but it also enables permissionless innovation so that others, including citizens, can easily innovate and build on top.
  19. 19. Neom Airport (Foster+ Partners) S M R U T H I K M U K E S H W A F A A B I D I
  20. 20. About Neom NEOM is the vision of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman and is a centerpiece of Saudi Arabia’s 2030 Vision plan to grow and diversify the Saudi economy and position the country to play a leading role in global development. NEOM will include towns and cities, ports and enterprise zones, research centers, sports and entertainment venues, and tourist destinations. It will be the home and workplace for more than a million citizens from around the world. Neom Bay Airport (Case Study)
  21. 21. Neom Bay Airport Taking inspiration from the optical illusion of a desert mirage, the new airport is expected for completion in 2023 and is estimated to accommodate one million travellers per year once it officially opens. "On approaching the airport, travellers will see stunning land art from the air. Entering the terminal, visitors will be greeted with a sleek mirrored edifice rising from the desert," The structure takes cues from the surrounding environment, resulting in a mesmerising "mirage effect." It will include a spacious courtyard and will anchor the terminal. Its sleek interiors will complement the whole structure with unique artwork and tailored experiences.
  22. 22. Ameneities "The airport will reflect AMAALA’s ultra-luxury hospitality spirit, providing an exclusive private-club experience perfectly encapsulating AMAALA’s pillars of art and culture; wellness and sport; and sea, sun,and lifestyle," added in a statement. The terminal building will contain a list of amenities provided by the airport. Some them are climate-controlled hangars that will be available for private jets as well as a ground transfer service that is accessible from inside the arrival hangar. "Responding to the surroundinglandscape,the terminal building will form an exclusive gateway to the AMAALA resort," "The passenger experience through the entire building will be akin to a private members club – luxurious and relaxing." "Focusing on the themes of art, wellbeing and sport, the design seeks to establish a new model for private terminals that provides a seamless experience from resort to aeroplane," Evenden added
  23. 23. • Land art or earth art is art that is made directly in the landscape,sculpting the land itself into earthworks or making structures in the landscape using natural materials such as rocks or twigs • Land art, which is also known as earth art, was usually documented in artworks using photographs and maps which the artist could exhibit in a gallery. • Land artists also made land art in the gallery by bringing in material from the landscape and using it to create installations Land Art Examples (Airports)
  24. 24. Client’s Challenge Like any airport the ground team wastes a lot of their time to answer inquires,give travel guidelines and provide information towards passengers’ inquires such as baggage allowance,required documents and even performing the check in operation. Neom was looking for technologies that can interact with passengers and aid with all the daily inquiries for the best customer experience and in the most efficient way possible. Solution INTDV helped in reducing the number of employees required at the airport to serve the same number of passengers which made the staff able to assist a greater number of passengers without the need to have an enormous number of members in the team, also not to waste their time over answering the same FAQs that are usually repeated byalmost every passenger. INTDV’s robots placed in Neom have assisted passengers acting as an effective staff member while providing the following services

×