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Guided by;
Prof. Patel Bhavin &
Prof. Anand Darji
Simple Lifting Machines
G.H Patel College of Engineering
and Technology
By:
150110119121 -128 & D2D
Mechanical Engineering
Introduction
 Simple machines are devices with few or no moving
parts that make work easier. The common examples
of simple machines are;-
 Wedge
 wheel and axle
 Lever
 inclined plane
 Screw
 pulley
 Crane
 Excavator
1.Wedge
The wedge is
a simple
machine that
forces objects or
substances
apart by
applying force to
a large surface
area on the
wedge, with that
force magnified
to a smaller
area on the
wedge to do the
2. Wheel and
Axle
The wheel and axle is a
simple machine that
reduces the friction
involved in moving an
object, making the
object easier to
transport.
3. Lever
A lever simple
machine
consists of a
load, a fulcrum
and effort (or
force). The load
is the object that
is moved or
lifted. The
fulcrum is the
pivot point, and
the effort is the
force required to
lift or move the
load.
4. Inclined Planes
Inclined planes make it
easier to lift something.
Think of a ramp. Engineers
use ramps to easily move
objects to a greater height.
5. Screw
A screw is
essentially an
inclined plane
wrapped
around a shaft.
Screws have
two primary
functions: they
hold things
together, or
they lift objects.
6. Pulley
A pulley is a
simple machine
used to change
the direction of
a force. Think
of raising a flag
or lifting a
heavy stone.
7.
Crane
• A Crane is a type of machine
generally equipped with a
hoist rope, wire rope or chain.
• Crane can be used both to lift
and lower material and to
move
them horizontally.
Use of crane
• It is Mainly used for lifting
Heavy things and transporting
Them to other place .
• Cranes are commonly employed
In the transport industry for the
Loading and unloading of freight
In the construction in industry for
The movement of material and in
The manufacturing industry for the
Assembling of heavy equipment.
7. Excavator
• Excavator are heavy construction
Equipment consisting of dipper,
bucket and cab on a rotating
platform known as the house.
• In excavator mainly used hydraulic
mechanism so, it can carry a load
very simply.
• In excavator main parts are
hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic
motor.
Use of Excavator
• Foundation
• Material handling
• Brush cutting with hydraulic
digging
• River dredging
• Mining
• Forestry work
• Demolition
Thank You

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Simple lifting machine

  • 1. Guided by; Prof. Patel Bhavin & Prof. Anand Darji Simple Lifting Machines G.H Patel College of Engineering and Technology By: 150110119121 -128 & D2D Mechanical Engineering
  • 2. Introduction  Simple machines are devices with few or no moving parts that make work easier. The common examples of simple machines are;-  Wedge  wheel and axle  Lever  inclined plane  Screw  pulley  Crane  Excavator
  • 3. 1.Wedge The wedge is a simple machine that forces objects or substances apart by applying force to a large surface area on the wedge, with that force magnified to a smaller area on the wedge to do the
  • 4. 2. Wheel and Axle The wheel and axle is a simple machine that reduces the friction involved in moving an object, making the object easier to transport.
  • 5. 3. Lever A lever simple machine consists of a load, a fulcrum and effort (or force). The load is the object that is moved or lifted. The fulcrum is the pivot point, and the effort is the force required to lift or move the load.
  • 6. 4. Inclined Planes Inclined planes make it easier to lift something. Think of a ramp. Engineers use ramps to easily move objects to a greater height.
  • 7. 5. Screw A screw is essentially an inclined plane wrapped around a shaft. Screws have two primary functions: they hold things together, or they lift objects.
  • 8. 6. Pulley A pulley is a simple machine used to change the direction of a force. Think of raising a flag or lifting a heavy stone.
  • 9. 7. Crane • A Crane is a type of machine generally equipped with a hoist rope, wire rope or chain. • Crane can be used both to lift and lower material and to move them horizontally.
  • 10. Use of crane • It is Mainly used for lifting Heavy things and transporting Them to other place . • Cranes are commonly employed In the transport industry for the Loading and unloading of freight In the construction in industry for The movement of material and in The manufacturing industry for the Assembling of heavy equipment.
  • 11. 7. Excavator • Excavator are heavy construction Equipment consisting of dipper, bucket and cab on a rotating platform known as the house. • In excavator mainly used hydraulic mechanism so, it can carry a load very simply. • In excavator main parts are hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic motor.
  • 12. Use of Excavator • Foundation • Material handling • Brush cutting with hydraulic digging • River dredging • Mining • Forestry work • Demolition