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3rd party logistic

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3rd party logistic

  1. 1. Third Party Logistics Presented by Vikram Kumar September 19, 2013
  2. 2. Definition • “Third-party Logistics is simply the use of an outside company to perform all or part of the firm’s materials management and product distribution function.” -- Simchi-Levi (2000)
  3. 3. THIRD PARTY LOGISTICS is an industry to which a shipper (owner of transported goods) outsources various elements of the supply chain to perform some / all logistics management functions including inbound freight, customs, warehousing, order fulfillment, distribution and outbound freight. •Initiated in 1980s when companies began looking for opportunities to improver logistics performance. •FedEx drew attention to 3PL service by offering JIT delivery •FedEx success in 3PL marketplace opened it up to competition •Initially primarily domestic coverage, 3PL industry is now global in character with a revenues approaching $150 billion in NA Third Party Logistics DefinedThird Party Logistics Defined
  4. 4. Cont.. • 3PLs are external suppliers that perform all or part of a company’s logistics functions, including: – Transportation – Warehousing – Distribution – Financial services • Terms contract logistics and outsourcing are sometimes used in place of 3PL.
  5. 5. Third Party Logistics In-house Logistics Department Shipper Transportation IT support Warehousing Others In-house Operation Outsourced Operation 3PL Shipper Shipper Shipper Transportation Warehousing IT support SC integration Others
  6. 6. Why Use 3PL?
  7. 7. Advantages & Disadvantages • Advantages o Cost reduction o Focus on core competency o Improved efficiency, service and flexibility o Industry-specific application – “build-to-order” systems and e-merchants • Disadvantages o Loss of control o Impact on in-house workforce
  8. 8. Characteristics of 3PL
  9. 9. Types of 3PL • There are three types of third party logistics providers: 1. Asset Based – 3PL companies that use their own trucks, warehouses and personnel to operate the client’s business 2. Management Based – 3PL companies that provide the technological and managerial functions to operate the logistics functions of their clients, but do so using the assets of other companies and do not necessarily own any assets 3. Integrated Providers – 3PL companies that can either be asset based or management based that supplement their services with whatever services are needed by their clients
  10. 10. Third Party Logistics Provider A firm which provides multiple logistics services for use by customers. These services are integrated or “bundled” together by the provider. These firms facilitate the movement of parts and materials from suppliers to manufacturers and finished products from manufacturers to distributors and retailers. Among the services which they provide are transportation, warehousing, cross-docking, inventory management, packaging and freight forwarding.
  11. 11. Types of 3PL Provider • Transportation-Based • Warehouse/Distribution-Based • Forwarder-Based • Financial-Based • Information-Based
  12. 12. Third Party Logistics
  13. 13. 10 Commandments of Outsourcing 1. Develop a strategy for outsourcing 2. Establish a rigorous provider selection process 3. Clearly define expectations 4. Develop a good contract 5. Establish sound policies and procedures 6. Identify and avoid potential points of friction 7. Communicate effectively with your partner 8. Measure performance and communicate results 9. Motivate and reward provider 10. Be a good Partner
  14. 14. 3PL Vs. Transportation Services
  15. 15. FY 2003 Fortune 500 Global 3PL Gross Revenues by Industry Consumer Products, $2.20 Healthcare $2.80 Food $6.40 Insdustrial $18.8 Other $2.90 Automotive, $26.7 Technology $22.20Retailing $16.20 Automotive Technology Consumer Products Retailing Health Care Food Industrial Other
  16. 16. Costs stated in Billion's of Dollars Customers of 3PL’s Industry Global Costs Domestic Costs Automotive $98.2 $37.4 Technology $156.4 $77.4 Retailing $98.6 $67.2 Consumer Products $13.6 $13.3 Food and Grocery $32.2 $27.8 Healthcare $38.4 $34.0 Industrial and Elements $179.7 $84 Other $63 $25.3 Total Costs $678.3 $366.3
  17. 17. Customers of 3PL’s Percent of Fortune 500 Companies Using 3PL’s 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 1-100 101-200 201-300 301-400 401-500 2002 2003
  18. 18. Need for Collaborative Relationships • Supply chain relationships are most effective when collaboration occurs. • Collaboration is facilitated by the ability of the supply chain partners to readily access and exchange information over the Internet.
  19. 19. Seven Laws of Collaborative Logistics
  20. 20. Current State -- Service Offerings • Dedicated Contract Transportation / Transportation Procurement • Inventory Management • Logistics Management and Consulting • Freight Audit and Bill Payment • Customs Services • Shipment Tracking and Tracing • Reverse Logistics and Value-added Services
  21. 21. Buyers of 3PL Services Customer # of 3PL’s Used General Motors 37 Wal-Mart Stores 33 Ford Motor, HP 27 Procter & Gamble 20 General Electric 17 Georgia Pacific, IBM 16 PepsiCo, Sears 13 Coca-Cola, Sara Lee, Target, Xerox 12 General Mills 11 Delphi, Safeway 10
  22. 22. Services Provided By 3PL’s Transportation Mgt 21% Private Fleets 7% Intermodal 4% Warehousing 21% Value Added 20% International 9% Integrated 9% Other 5% Lead Logistics 4%
  23. 23. Industry Evolution Third Generation ( 2000 and beyond) First Generation (1970s - 1980s) Second Generation (1980s - 1990s) Broader more integrated services • Transportation / warehousing • Freight forwarders / brokers • Shipper’s agents • Non asset-based companies • Asset-based companies increased service offerings • Online freight marketplaces • Web-based 3PLs • Increasing supply chain integration
  24. 24. Top Providers Est. Rev. ($M) 2003 Rank Provider 3PL 2003 Revenue 1 Excel $8,300 2 Kuehne & Nagel $6,900 3 Schenker $6,400 4 DHL $5,700 5 P&O Nedlloyd $4,800 6 TGP/TNT $4,700 7 Panalpina $4,600 8 UPS Supply Chain $4,100 9 Nippon Express $4,000 10 C.H. Robinson $3,600 11 Menlo Worldwide $3,100 12 NYK Logistics $3,000

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