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Envy on Facebook - A Hidden Threat to Users Life Satisfaction - SLIDES

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Envy on Facebook - A Hidden Threat to Users Life Satisfaction - SLIDES

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Envy on Facebook - A Hidden Threat to Users Life Satisfaction - SLIDES

  1. 1. Envy on Facebook: A Hidden Threat to Users’ Life Satisfaction?Dr. Hanna Krasnova Helena Wenninger Dr. Thomas Widjaja Prof. Dr. Peter BuxmannHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin Technische Universität DarmstadtBerlin, Germany Hochschulstraße 1, 64289 Darmstadt,krasnovh@wiwi.hu-berlin.de buxmann@is.tu-darmstadt.de
  2. 2. Is privacy theonly cost of SNS participation?
  3. 3. Such a familar context - such an unfamiliarperspective... Is Envy a Reason? • Feelings of Unhappiness (Chou and Edge 2010) Negative • Emotional Exhaustion (Maier et al. 2012)Outcomes of Social • Depression (OKeeffe et al. 2011) Information • Loniliness (Burke et al. 2010)Consumption • Social Overload (Maier et al. 2012)
  4. 4. Think about the last time you used Facebook… What did you feel? Global Emotional Outcomes (share of respondents, n=357)Negative 36,9%Positive 43,8% Neutral 28,80% 0,0% 10,0% 20,0% 30,0% 40,0% 50,0%
  5. 5. Many users reportfeeling frustrated andexhausted after usingFacebook.What do you thinkcauses thesefeelings?36% report feelingfrustrated sometimesor more often, whentalking aboutthemselves…
  6. 6. Think about the last time you envied someone.Where did you experience this feeling? Offline Setting Facebook 71,5% 21,3%
  7. 7. What have you envied last time? Trigger of the Most Recent Envy Incident 1,4% Personality 1,4% Money 2,8% Appearance 2,8% Job Success 15,5% 2,8% Abilities 11,8% 2,8%Success in Studies 4,2% Love / Family 5,6%Success in General 7,0% Happiness 14,1% Social Interaction 56,3%Travel and Leisure 19,3% 0,0% 10,0% 20,0% 30,0% 40,0% 50,0% 60,0% Facebook (n=71) Offline (n=238)
  8. 8. Follow-up study: TheConsequences of Envy
  9. 9. Such a familar context - such an unfamiliarperspective... Is Envy a Reason? • Feelings of Unhappiness (Chou and Edge 2010) Negative Outcomes of • Emotional Exhaustion (Maier et al. 2012) Social • Depression (OKeeffe et al. 2011) Information • Loniliness (Burke et al. 2010) Consumption • Social Overload (Maier et al. 2012)
  10. 10. Testing Consequences of Envy life satisfactionSocialInformation emotional EnvyConsumption exhaustionon Facebook self- enhancement
  11. 11. Envy is a full mediator of three critical outcomes Sobel-Test p-value=0.000 Gender ** 87 0.1 Age Life n.s. Social Information Envy on FB Satisfaction Consumption on FB 0.366** R2 =13.4% -0.390** 0.121 Number of R2 =15.1% * n.s Friends . Active Model 1 LS Participation Sobel-Test p-value=0.000 Gender . n.s Age Emotional n.s. Social Information Envy on FB Exhaustion on FB Consumption on FB 0.372** R2 =13.8% 0.433** 0.157 Number of R2 =22.7% * n.s Friends . Active Model 2 EE Participation Sobel-Test p-value=0.000 Gender . n.s Age Self-Enhancement on FB n.s. Social Information Envy on FB Consumption on FB 0.374** R2 =14.0% 0.424** R2 =35.2% 0.276 Number of ** n.s Friends . Active Model 3 SE ParticipationSignificance: * at 5%; ** at 1% or lowern=227; Sobel Test p=0.000
  12. 12. “Envy Spiral” Enhancement I Envy of others Others Self- Envy enhancement
  13. 13. THANK YOU!If you have any questions please contact:Dr. Hanna Krasnovakrasnovh@wiwi.hu-berlin.deProf. Dr. Peter Buxmannbuxmann@is.tu-darmstadt.de
  14. 14. References and AcknowledgementMajor Reference Krasnova, H., Wenninger, H., Widjaja, T., Buxmann, P. (2013) “Envy on Facebook: A Hidden Threat to Users’ Life Satisfaction?”, 11th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI), Leipzig, Germany. In press.Acknowledgement Multiple people have contributed their ideas or comments when this research was developed. Among them: Dorin Toma, Philippa König, Johanna Sprondel, Sascha Friesike and Annika Baumann.Related Past Research of Other Authors: Burke, M., Marlow, C., Lento, T.: Social network activity and social well-being. In: Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1909-1912. ACM, (2010) Maier, C., Laumer, S., Eckhardt, A., Weitzel, T.: When Social Networking Turns to Social Overload: Explaining the Stress, Emotional Exhaustion, and Quitting Behavior from Social Network Sites Users. In: ECIS 2012 Proceedings. (2012) OKeeffe, G.S., Clarke-Pearson, K.: The impact of social media on children, adolescents, and families. Pediatrics 127, 800-804 (2011) Chou, H.T.G., Edge, N.: “They Are Happier and Having Better Lives than I Am”: The Impact of Using Facebook on Perceptions of Others Lives. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 15, (2012)

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