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Tenses and Aspect in English
Veniel Morgan
What are Tenses
• A set of forms taken by a verb to indicate the
time (and sometimes also the continuance or
completeness)...
Present Tense- Expresses action or
states at the time of speaking.
•
•
•
•

Simple Present- I sing. I dance.
We use to thi...
Present Tense
•
•
•
•

Subject + Auxiliary verb (do)+ Main Verb .
Eg. I like sugar. Eg. I do not like sugar.
He does not l...
• Present Perfect- Used to express actions
completed in the present.
• Subject + have + past participle.
• I have finished...
• Subject + auxiliary (have/has) + auxiliary (been)
+ main verb- ing.
• I have been singing ./ I am tired because I have
b...
Past Tense- Expresses action or state in
the past.
• Simple past• How is it expressed?
• We use past forms only or auxilia...
• Eg. I was watching TV./ She was listening to the
radio./ We were eating dinner.
• Past Perfect- Expresses a past action ...
• Past perfect continuous- Expresses an action
that occurred over a period of time in the past.
• Subject+ had (simple pas...
Future Tense
• Future Simple- Expresses actions that will
happen.
• Subject + auxiliary (will) + main verb.
• I will sing ...
• Future Perfect- describes an action that will be
done in the future.
• Subject + will + have + past participle .
• Eg. I...
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Tenses and aspect in English

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Tenses and aspect in English

  1. 1. Tenses and Aspect in English Veniel Morgan
  2. 2. What are Tenses • A set of forms taken by a verb to indicate the time (and sometimes also the continuance or completeness) of the action in relation to the time of the utterance. (Oxford Dictionary) • These forms are present, past and future.
  3. 3. Present Tense- Expresses action or states at the time of speaking. • • • • Simple Present- I sing. I dance. We use to this to express: An action is general- I live in Jamaica. An action that happens all the time, or habitually- The moon goes around the earth. • An action that is not only happening now- Dane drives a bus. • If the statement is always true- we meet every Thursday.
  4. 4. Present Tense • • • • Subject + Auxiliary verb (do)+ Main Verb . Eg. I like sugar. Eg. I do not like sugar. He does not likes sugar . Present Continuous Tense- action taking place at the moment of speaking. • How is it expressed? • Subject + auxiliary (be) + main verb- ing. • I am sleeping./ She is dancing with him./ You are reading.
  5. 5. • Present Perfect- Used to express actions completed in the present. • Subject + have + past participle. • I have finished my pie./ she has finished her pie./ We have eaten our dinner. • Present Perfect Continuous-used to emphasize the duration of a recent past activity. It can also be used for actions that began in the past and are still going on now.
  6. 6. • Subject + auxiliary (have/has) + auxiliary (been) + main verb- ing. • I have been singing ./ I am tired because I have been running.
  7. 7. Past Tense- Expresses action or state in the past. • Simple past• How is it expressed? • We use past forms only or auxiliary (did) + main verb. Eg. I worked there tow months ago. • Past Continuous- expresses action at a particular moment in the past. The action started before that moment but has not finished at that moment. • Subject + conjugated ‘be’ verb in simple past + main verb (present participle)- ing.
  8. 8. • Eg. I was watching TV./ She was listening to the radio./ We were eating dinner. • Past Perfect- Expresses a past action in the past. • Subject + had (simple past of have) + past participle. • I had finished my work./ You had stopped before me.
  9. 9. • Past perfect continuous- Expresses an action that occurred over a period of time in the past. • Subject+ had (simple past of have) + been(past participle of be) + present participle –ing. • I had been working./ You had been playing tennis.
  10. 10. Future Tense • Future Simple- Expresses actions that will happen. • Subject + auxiliary (will) + main verb. • I will sing a song./ She will finish before me. • Future continuous- express an action that will be on-going in the future. • Subject + will + be + present participle-ing. • Eg. I will be lying on the beach tomorrow.
  11. 11. • Future Perfect- describes an action that will be done in the future. • Subject + will + have + past participle . • Eg. I will have finished working by 10 am./ I will have sung. • Future Perfect Continuous-is used for actions that will be unfinished, but have reached a certain stage. • Subject + will + have + been + present participle – ing. • I will have been working for four hours.

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