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Grammar Translation Method

Grammar Translation Method:
Description, history and example of a lesson using this method.

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Grammar Translation Method

  1. 1. Grammar Translation Method
  2. 2. What is Grammar Translation Method? <ul><li>The grammar-translation method of foreign language teaching is one of the most traditional methods. </li></ul><ul><li>It was originally used to teach 'dead' languages (and literatures) such as Latin and Greek, involving little or no spoken communication or listening comprehension. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics <ul><li>A focus on learning the rules of grammar and their application in translation passages from one language into the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary in the target language is learned through direct translation from the native language, it is taught in the form of isolated word lists. e.g. with vocabulary tests such as: the house = la casa </li></ul><ul><li>the mouse = el ratón </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Very little teaching is done in the target language. Instead, readings in the target language are translated directly and then discussed in the native language . Little or no attention is given to pronunciation. </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar is taught with extensive explanations in the native language, and only later applied in the production of sentences through translation from one language to the other . eg: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have my book? = ¿Tienes mi libro? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I don't know where your book is = No sé donde está tu libro </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Principles <ul><li>Literary language is superior to the spoken language. </li></ul><ul><li>Translating each language into each other is an important goal for learners. </li></ul><ul><li>The authority in the classroom is the teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to communicate with target language’s speakers is not among the goals. </li></ul><ul><li>The primary skills to be improved are reading and writing . </li></ul><ul><li>Its focus is on accuracy and not fluency. </li></ul><ul><li>Error correction: If a student’s answer of a question is incorrect, the teacher selects a different student to give the correct answer or s/he replies himself/herself. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Classes are taught in the mother tongue, with little active use of the target language. </li></ul><ul><li>Much vocabulary is taught in the form of lists of isolated words. </li></ul><ul><li>Long elaborate explanations of the intricacies of grammar are given. </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar provides the rule for putting words together, and instruction often focuses on the form and inflection of words. </li></ul><ul><li>Reading of difficult classical texts is begun early. </li></ul><ul><li>Little attention is paid to the content of texts, which are treated as exercises in grammatical analysis. </li></ul>A class working with the Grammar Translation Method looks like this:
  7. 7. Disadvantages
  8. 8. <ul><li>This method gives pupils the wrong idea of what language is and of the relationship between languages. Language is seen as a collection or words which are isolated and independent. </li></ul><ul><li>Worst effect of this method is on pupil's motivation. Because (s)he cannot succeed - leads to frustration, boredom and indiscipline. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>It seemed there was no need for students to master the four skills of English (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) </li></ul><ul><li>The grammar-translation method is the easiest for a teacher to employ. It doesn't require a teacher to speak good English or make good lesson preparations. </li></ul>Jelou shilrren, hoy vamo’ a ver el “ver-tu-bi” Ai am Llu ar Ji is…
  10. 10. Exercises of a class using this method <ul><li>1. Translation of a Literary Passage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students translate a reading passage from the target language into their native language. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Reading Comprehension Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students answer questions in the target language based on their understanding of the reading passage. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3.  Antonym/synonyms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students are given one set of words and are asked to find antonyms in the reading passage. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Fill-in-the-blanks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students are given a series of sentences with words missing. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5. Deductive Application of Rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar rules are presented with examples.  Once students understand a rule, they are asked to apply it to some different example. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Lesson Time!! It’s
  12. 12. Frequency adverbs <ul><li>When do we use them? </li></ul><ul><li>We often went camping when we were children. </li></ul><ul><li>(Cuando éramos niños a menudo íbamos a acampar) </li></ul><ul><li>I will always love you. </li></ul><ul><li>(Siempre te amaré) </li></ul><ul><li>Different positions </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro sometimes visits us on Sundays. </li></ul><ul><li>(Pedro a veces nos visita los domingos) </li></ul><ul><li>She is often ill in winter. </li></ul><ul><li>(Ella generalmente está enferma en el invierno) </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The following list shows the most common adverbs of frequency , with the one that refers to things that happen most often at the top, and least often at the bottom: </li></ul>Nunca Never Casi nunca Hardly ever Raramente Rarely Ocasionalmente Occasionally A veces Sometimes A menudo Often Frecuentemente Frequently Usualmente Usually Siempre Always
  14. 14. Exercises i. Complete la oración con un adverbio de frecuencia. Example: He _______ plays on the computer. (He always plays on the computer) 1. He ________ listens to the radio. 2. They __________ read a book. 3. Pete __________ gets angry.  4. Tom is _________ very friendly. 5. I __________ take sugar in my coffee. 6. Ramon is _________ hungry. 7. My grandmother ___________ goes for a walk in the evening.
  15. 15. ii. Traduzca la oración. <ul><li>I rarely get up late on weekends. </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>2. Nunca tomo café al desayuno. </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>3. I am sometimes late for class. </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>4. Usualmente camino al colegio. </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>5. I hardly ever go running on Saturday mornings. </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>6. Siempre busco palabras difíciles en el diccionario. </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>7. I often take a bath at night. </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________ </li></ul>