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Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century

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Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century

  1. 1. LIVEABLE CITIES –for the 21st Century PEOPLE ORIENTED CITY PLANNING AS STRATEGY JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT. FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTS URBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN
  2. 2. ”Life Between 4 Buildings” 1st edition 1971 Published in man versions decades 21 languages of research ”New City Spaces” - 2001 ”Public Spaces Public Life - 1996 ”New City Life” - 2006
  3. 3. Bangladesh, 2008 Vietnam, 2008 Iran, 2010
  4. 4. Public Space as Meeting Place
  5. 5. Public Space as Market Place
  6. 6. Public Space as Connection Space
  7. 7. The traditional city......forever
  8. 8. The invaded city....from 1950s
  9. 9. All Cities have Traffic Departments and perfect statistics concerning traffic and parking * The cars are very visible and everpresent in the planning proces
  10. 10. Do you know of any Citydepartment for pedestrians and public life? Hardly any City have statistics and data concerning the people who use the city * The people in the City tends to be very invisible and poorly represented in the planning proces
  11. 11. The Carinvasion gets worser every day, until someone puts their foot down and decides to do something about it. Bogota, Colombia - 6 mio. Inh.
  12. 12. The reconquered city...from 1980s
  13. 13. Reconquered Cities: A change of Paradigme WANTED: - Lively City - Attractive City - Safe City - Sustainable City - Healthy City
  14. 14. Lively City
  15. 15. Attractive City People Scale, Less Stress, Less Noise, Less Polution + a City dominated by Attraction Nr. 1: PEOPLE
  16. 16. Safe city
  17. 17. Sustainable City
  18. 18. Healthy City ”Houston -the City with the fattest people of the World”
  19. 19. Reconqured Cities Keywords Willingnes to place constraints to the vehicular traffic London – Congestion Charge 2003
  20. 20. Reconqured Cities Careful planning for Keywords: Walking and Public Life
  21. 21. Copenhagen From traffic place to people place
  22. 22. Strøget (main street) pedestrianized 1962
  23. 23. Public Space-Public Life Surveys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995, 2005
  24. 24. Many more People are walking in the city
  25. 25. 4 times more people spend time in the city
  26. 26. In only 40 years the good season has been extended from 2 to 10 months
  27. 27. Copenhagen Street: 2 Sidewalks, 2 proper bicycle lanes, street trees, 2 lanes for 2 way traffic, and a substan- tial median to facilitate crossing the street ”We do not have to think and act as 1960s traffic engineers for ever -times are changing and traffic engineers are by now much smarter”
  28. 28. Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009: ”WORLDS FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE” Among the goals:”Everyone to walk 20% more by 2015!!!”
  29. 29. Bicycling in Copenhagen -on a citywide network of bicycle lanes
  30. 30. Bicycles are taken straight through the street crossings and the lanes are marked with blue Bicycle signals turns green six seconds before the car signals
  31. 31. A bicycle culture have step by step been developed Everybody bike
  32. 32. Cello- and bass players cycle
  33. 33. Oct 2011: New Danish Red - Gren Government arriving on bicycles at the Palace to be commissioned by the Queen. No Limousines no more?
  34. 34. Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 37% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit 5% walk
  35. 35. 70% continue to bike in the winter
  36. 36. Official City Poster September 2007 Copenhagen The No 1 Bicycle City in the World Goals for 2015: * 50% of all comuting on bicycles * Bicycle Accidents to be halved”
  37. 37. Melbourne, - 3 mio. Inh.
  38. 38. The Age c. 1980
  39. 39. Places for People 1994 Places for People 2004 www.gehlarchitects.dk
  40. 40. MELBOURNE City Center 1994-2004 Pedestrian traffic weekdays daytime: +40% Pedestrian traffic evening: +100 % Stationary activities +200-300%
  41. 41. Retail Residential Office Vacancies Employment Bars and Pubs
  42. 42. Copenhagen Melbourne oct 07
  43. 43. A CITY GOOD AT PARTIES, OLYMPICS and SUMMITS….
  44. 44. ….. BUT NOT SO GLORIOUS FOR THE EVERYDAY LIFE
  45. 45. Main Street in Sydney to be transformed to Pedestrians, Bicycles and Light Rail Present situation George St. After conversion
  46. 46. Vancouver , B.C. , Order of priority: Walking, Bicycling, Transit and Deliveries. The Auto is last.
  47. 47. Washington DC. 2010: Cycling down (in the middle of) Pensylvania Ave
  48. 48. A GREENER, GREATER NEW YORK
  49. 49. 9th Ave. Apr.08 9th Ave. Sep.08
  50. 50. Phot:DOT/NYC
  51. 51. Phot:DOT/NYC
  52. 52. Broadway Boulevard 23 May 2009 “When you can make it there you can make it anywhere, New York, New York !!”
  53. 53. WELCOME TO THE 21st CENTURY
  54. 54. LIFE & ACTIVITY IS THE FINEST ATTRACTION OF ALL
  55. 55. In the home the Children play were the activity is
  56. 56. Outdoors children also prefer to play where other activities go on 100 80 Minutes spent outdoors pr. Day 60 Park Pedestrian routes 40 Access roads (average) 20 weekday sunday weekday sunday Children 0-6 Children 7-14
  57. 57. Life: an everlasting source of learning
  58. 58. “Man is man’s greatest joy” (Old Icelandic saying)
  59. 59. Always a two-way contact: To watch and be watched
  60. 60. Life between buildings is so important, it is never forgotten in architectual drawings
  61. 61. We are talking about life itself! -everything worth talking about happens when you are on your feet -that`s what we were made for!
  62. 62. There is much more to walking -than walking! A mode of transport - but with a potential for much more -and the ”much more” is by far the more interesting part!
  63. 63. You can walk -and walk - and walk....
  64. 64. -but you could just as well ”walk`n-talk” Slide 63
  65. 65. - or ”walk`n-watch” (and be watched!)
  66. 66. - or ”walk`n-wink” Slide 63
  67. 67. -or you can ”stop`n watch” If you can find a vacant bollard ! (Campo in Siena, Italy)
  68. 68. -or you can ”stop`n-talk”
  69. 69. -or you can ”walk`n-waltz`”
  70. 70. -or you can ”stop`n - watch`n - learn”
  71. 71. -and whenever you feel like you can adress your fellow citiziens
  72. 72. Transport dimension Getting from A to B - simple, cheap, low noise
  73. 73. Social dimension The City as meetingplace
  74. 74. People watching - the number one attraction in any city
  75. 75. People watching - the number 1,2,3...10 attraction in any city
  76. 76. Sustainability dimension A good Public Realm is a crucial factor for good Public Transportation
  77. 77. Health dimension
  78. 78. Democratic dimension ”Open Society” dimension Danse his sort her
  79. 79. A heartfelt welcome to a local shopping center (Australia)
  80. 80. Friendly, safe city dimension
  81. 81. The Economic dimension AABOULEVARDEN - BEFORE THE REOPENING OF THE RIVER AABOULEVARDEN - AFTER THE REOPENING OF THE RIVER
  82. 82. Sheer fun dimension ”a general human dimension” .....Oh, what a wonderfull World!

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