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  1. 1. SECULARISM <br />
  2. 2. What Does It Mean? <br />Secularism is the concept that government or other entities should exist separately from religion and / or religious beliefs<br />
  3. 3. Secularism, also called Secularity or (adjectives: Secular or non religious) is the idea of something being not religious or not connected to a religious authority<br />
  4. 4. This means that anyone can choose to practice or not practice any religion they want, and the government cannot make them be a part of a religion if they do not want to <br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. It Also Means They Can Choose NOT To Be A Part Of Any Religion <br />
  7. 7. ROOTS<br /><ul><li>Secularism draws its intellectual roots from </li></ul>Greek and Roman philosophers  <br />Medieval Muslim polymaths (people of great or varied learning) <br />Enlightenment thinkers <br />Modern freethinkers (people who have rejected authority and dogma, especially in religious thinking, in favor of rational inquiry and speculation)<br />Agnostics <br />Atheists <br />
  8. 8. WHY SECULARISM? <br /> It has been argued that secularism is a movement toward modernization, and away from traditional religious values <br />
  9. 9. In political terms, secularism is a movement towards the separation of religion and government (often termed the separation of Church and State). This can refer to:<br /><ul><li>Reducing ties between a government and a state religion
  10. 10. Replacing laws based on scripture (such as Torah and Sharia law) with civil laws
  11. 11. Eliminating discrimination on the basis of religion</li></ul>This is said to <br /><ul><li>add to democracy
  12. 12. Protect the rights of religious minorities </li></li></ul><li>Secularism is often associated with the Age of Enlightenment in Europe and plays a major role in Western Society. <br />Secular states also existed in the Islamic world during the Middle Ages  <br />
  13. 13. Due in part to the belief in the separation of church and state, secularists tend to prefer that politicians make decisions for secular rather than religious reasons<br />
  14. 14. Some of the well known states that are often considered “constitutionally secular" are:<br />India  <br />France <br />Mexico<br />South Korea<br />Turkey <br />But none of these nations have identical forms of governance <br />
  15. 15. Sources: <br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secularism<br />http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secularism<br />
  16. 16. THANK YOU<br />SaurabhDeshpande<br />