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Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mapping, Papers, EndNote

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Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mapping, Papers, EndNote

An overview on doing a literature review for a mutli-disciplinary professionals (physicians, engineers, and IT) covering some tips & tricks on organization (using Papers Software for literature files management, MindMapping for Literature Mapping, EndNote for bibliography program). It shows some examples of Citation Maps from Web of Science.

An overview on doing a literature review for a mutli-disciplinary professionals (physicians, engineers, and IT) covering some tips & tricks on organization (using Papers Software for literature files management, MindMapping for Literature Mapping, EndNote for bibliography program). It shows some examples of Citation Maps from Web of Science.

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Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mapping, Papers, EndNote

  1. 1. Literature Review “How to”<br />SohailBajammal, MBChB, MSc, FRCS(C), PhD(c)<br />ssbajammal@uqu.edu.sa<br />Assistant Professor of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine<br />Vice Dean, Academic Development, Faculty of Dentistry<br />
  2. 2. Outline of Literature Review<br />What?<br />When?<br />Why?<br />How?<br />Tips & Tricks<br />
  3. 3. We will not discuss search strategy<br />
  4. 4. What is it?<br />
  5. 5. Literature Review<br />It is a body of text that aims to review the critical points of current knowledge including substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic.<br />Wikipedia<br />Never use Wikipedia in your proposal<br />
  6. 6. When to do it?<br />
  7. 7. When to do a Literature Review?<br />Beginning of the Study<br />
  8. 8. When to do a Literature Review?<br />Beginning of the Study<br />AND<br />End of the Study<br />
  9. 9. Why to do it?<br />
  10. 10. Why at the Beginning of the Study?<br />Show your grasp of the subject: thorough understanding & critical appraisal<br />Identify gap/uncertainty in knowledge<br />Justify the need for the study  Impact<br />Justify the hypothesis & the instruments used<br />Show that you can do it<br />
  11. 11. Why at the End of the Study?<br />Confirms or refutes prior study results<br />Explanation of your results<br />
  12. 12. How to do it?<br />
  13. 13. 5 Steps of Literature Review<br />Identify key terms<br />Locate the literature<br />Critically appraise & select the literature<br />Organize the literature<br />Write the literature review<br />Time & Resources Management<br />Creswell JW. Educational Research. 2008<br />
  14. 14. 1. Identify key terms<br />3-4 keywords<br />Your tool during the search process<br />How to identify them?<br />Working title of your project<br />Research question<br />Keywords of previous studies similar to yours<br />Subject headings within electronic databases<br />
  15. 15. Key terms<br />Pay attention to:<br />English vs American spelling: <br />Orthopaedic - Orthopedic<br />All possible terms:<br />Cancer - Malignancy - Tumor<br />Fracture - Trauma - Injury<br />
  16. 16. 2. Locate the literature(Discipline-based)<br />Sources:<br />Primary sources: primary studies, dissertations<br />Secondary sources: systematic reviews, review articles, textbooks, encyclopedia<br />Technique:<br />Manually: books, old articles<br />Electronically: databases, conference proceedings<br />
  17. 17. Databases<br />Depends on your discipline (so we cannot cover it all tonight)<br />In Medicine: MEDLINE, EMBASE<br />ProQuest: to search all MSc & PhD theses<br />Google Scholar: fits all (poor man best friend)<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Broad Term  Lots of irrelevant results<br />
  20. 20.
  21. 21. They will email you when new article cites this article<br />
  22. 22. Digital Library at UQU<br />
  23. 23. Web of Science (The Elegant Google Scholar)<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. Citation Map<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31. 5 Steps of Literature Review<br />Identify key terms<br />Locate the literature<br />Critically appraise & select the literature<br />Organize the literature<br />Write the literature review<br />
  32. 32. 3. Critically appraise & select the literature <br />For each piece of information (article, book, thesis), you have to decide:<br />Is it valid & accurate?<br />Is it relevant to your study?<br />If in doubt, get it in<br />It is easier to remove this source later than to find it<br />
  33. 33. 4. Organize the literature<br />The most critical step <br />otherwise, you will be overwhelmed<br />Filing: photocopies, downloads<br />By Author Name & Year (there are other ways)<br />Abstracting (systematic note taking):<br />For each source, write YOUR words on the research problem, question, instruments & results<br />Copying the abstract  plagiarism<br />Draw a map of your literature!<br />
  34. 34. Papers<br />
  35. 35. Literature Map<br />
  36. 36. 5. Write the Literature Review<br />Plan enough time<br />Draft  (Revision  Read  Revision)3<br />Think about:<br />Content<br />Organization<br />Writing & Citation Style<br />Spelling & Grammar<br />
  37. 37. Content<br />Do not list studies<br />You are presenting a summary AND an argument using your analysis of the literature<br />How much to write?<br />Balance DEPTH & BREADTH<br />It depends on what for<br />For grant proposal: 8-10 double-spaced pages<br />For PhD Thesis: ? 40-50 pages<br />
  38. 38. Content<br />Smooth logical transition of ideas<br />Current & relevant literature<br />Unbiased discussion (strengths & weaknesses) of supporting & opposing studies<br />Consistent referencing style<br />
  39. 39. Organization of Literature Review<br />Introduction<br /><ul><li>Background
  40. 40. How is it organized
  41. 41. Different styles: themes, chronological, debate
  42. 42. Smooth transition
  43. 43. Not a list of studies
  44. 44. It is an argument</li></ul>Body<br /><ul><li>Summary
  45. 45. Implication
  46. 46. Suggestion for future research</li></ul>Conclusions<br />
  47. 47. Plagiarism<br />Copying without citing<br />Paraphrasing without citing<br />Using other’s ideas without citing<br />
  48. 48. By the end of the literature review, your goal is to have<br />High Quality Research Proposal:<br />Covered the subject thoroughly & succinctly<br />Addressed gap/uncertainty<br />Justified your hypothesis & instruments<br />High Impact Research Proposal:<br />On the institution and/or society<br />On the scientific community<br />On the Kingdom<br />High Potential for Success:<br />Experience of the research team<br />Reasonable allocation of time, resources, rules<br />
  49. 49. Tips & Tricks to makeYour Life Easier with Literature Review<br />
  50. 50. Using Technology to Help Lit Rev<br />MindMapping Software: e.g., MindManager<br />File Management System: e.g., Papers<br />Bibliography Software: e.g., EndNote<br />Books<br />
  51. 51. MindMapping Software<br />or paper-and-pencil<br />
  52. 52.
  53. 53. Organize your thoughts!<br />
  54. 54.
  55. 55. Links to PDF<br />Links to PDF<br />
  56. 56. File Management Software<br />
  57. 57. Papers<br />
  58. 58. Built-in Search Engines<br />
  59. 59. Search Options<br />Adding Notes<br />Abstract<br />Full Text View<br />
  60. 60. For more info…<br />Tutorials<br />
  61. 61. Video Tutorials<br />
  62. 62. Bibliography Software<br />
  63. 63. EndNote<br />
  64. 64.
  65. 65. Change the format with a click<br />
  66. 66.
  67. 67. Deleting a reference  automatic update<br />
  68. 68. EndNoteTrainingYouTube Channel<br />
  69. 69. Digital Library at UQU<br />
  70. 70. Books on Writing Skills<br />
  71. 71. There are many books<br />
  72. 72. Outline of Literature Review<br />What is it?<br />When to do it?<br />Why do we need it?<br />How to do it?<br />Tips & Tricks<br />ssbajammal@uqu.edu.sa<br />slideshare.net/uqudent<br />

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