8. Ancient to medieval era
Indian maritime history dates back 5,000 years
Rig Veda and Varuna (MatsyaYantra)
Emperor Chandragupta Maurya's mentor and advisor
Chanakya's Arthashastra devotes a full chapter
on the state department of waterways under navadhyaksha
Maratha and Kerala(Pal and Qalbat)
9. Royal Indian Marine
World War I
1932, the Indian Air Force
World War II
British India (1857 to 1947)
10. Republic of India (1950 to present)
India-Pakistan (1947,65,71 and 99)
12. Land based branch and largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.
Largest Standing Volunteer Army – 1,129,900 active personnel and 960,000 reserve
Inherited most of the infrastructure of the British indian army.
Headed by Chief of Army Staff(COAS).
Army Day is celebrate on 15 January every year in India.
13. Army Strength Command Structure
Indian Army HQ : New Delhi
Operational Commands :
Commands Headquarters State
Northern Udhampur J&K
Western Chandimandir Chandigarh
South Western Pathankot Punjab
Central Lucknow U.P.
Eastern Kolkata West Bengal
Southern Pune Maharashtra
14. World War 1
First World War was fought from 1914 to 1918.
World war 1, the War To End All Wars was centered on Europe.
Indian Army during WW1 contribute large number of division.
In WW1 the Indian Army fought against the German Empire in German.
In 1914, the Indian Army was one of two largest volunteer armies in the world.
It involved all the world’s great power, which were assembled in two opposing
15. India Corps won 13,000 medal for gallantry including 12 Victoria Crosses. Khudadad Khan
won the Corps first Victoria Cross.
16. World War 1 Deaths...
In all 37 million people were killed in the war
including military and civilians.
In total,800,000 Indian troops fought in all the
theatres of the war with 1½ million
volunteering to fight.
18. World War II
During the Second World War (1939–1945), India was controlled by the United
The British Raj, as part of the Allied Nations, sent over two and a half million
soldiers to fight under British command against the Axis powers.
Indians fought with distinction throughout the world, including in the European
theatre against Germany and other countries.
Over 87,000 Indian soldiers (including those from modern day Pakistan, Nepal, and
Bangladesh) died in World War II.
19. When India Demanded For Independence
The Muslim League supported the British war effort, while political party existing in
India at the time, the Indian National Congress, demanded independence .
London refused, and when Congress announced a "Quit India" campaign in August
1942, tens of thousands of its leaders were imprisoned by the British for the duration.
20. Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from
1942 asserted “the British couldn't have come through both wars [World War I and II]
if they hadn't had the Indian Army.
On 15th August 1947, India was independent and the new chapter of our great army
22. Upon independence and the subsequent Partition of India in 1947, four of
the ten gurkha regiments were transferred to the British Army.
The rest of the British Indian Army was divided between the newly
created nations of India and Pakistan.
Army Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in India, in recognition
of Lieutenant General K. M. Cariappa’s taking over as the first
Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from General Sir Francis
Butcher, the last British Commander-in-chief of India, on 15 January 1949.
23. Major Task Performed By An Indian Army.
To assert the territorial integrity of India.
To defend the country if attacked by a foreign nation.
To support the civil community in case of disasters (e.g. flooding).
To participate in United Nations peacekeeping operations in consonance with
India's commiment to the United Nations Charter
24. Wars fought after the Independence
First Kashmir War (1947)
Annexation of Hyderabad (1948)
Medical assistance during Korean War (1950–1953)
Annexation of Goa, Daman and Diu (1961)
25. Sino-Indian War (1962)
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
1967 Sino-Indian Conflict
Operation against the Naxalites during 1971
Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971
Siachen conflict (1984)
Kargil war (1999)
26. CURRENT STATUS
The headquarters of the Indian Armed Forces is in New Delhi, the capital city of
The President of India serves as the formal Supreme Commander of the Indian
Armed Forces,while actual control lies with the executive headed by the Prime
Minister of India.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is the ministry charged with the responsibilities
of countering insurgency and ensuring external security of India. General Bipin
Rawat is the Chief of Army Staff (COAS).
28. Technology used in Indian Army
Tanks and Armoured vehicles
1. Arjun MK-III
2. Futuristic Battle Tank (FMBT) – The FMBT will be a lighter tank of 50 tons. At
3. FICV– Futuristic Infantry Combat Vehicle
4. TATA Kestrel -A modern armoured personnel carrier developed by Tata Motors and
the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles.
1. Agni -V – 5,500 km (3,400 mi)–8,000 km (5,000 mi) Successfully Tested third time by DRDO on
31 January 2015.
2. Agni-VI– 8,000 km (5,000 mi)–12,000 km (7,500 mi) range ,Currently in planning stage.
Hypersonic , Nirbhay & Brahmos missiles.
Tactical Ballistic Missiles
1. Prahaar – With a range of 150 kilometres (93 mi).
2. Shaurya– It has a range of between 750 km (470 mi)-1,900 km (1,200 mi)
Anti-Tank Guided Missiles
Nag Anti-tank guided Missile– ground and air-launched variant.
33. Special Forces
Garud Commando Force.
National Security Guard Or Black Cats.
COBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action)
Special Frontier Force.
35. The Indian Air Force (IAF Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed
Its primary responsibility is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare
during a conflict.
Indian Air Force stands at no 4 in the list of strongest Air Force in the world .
There is approximately 140000 active personnel and 1700+ aircraft.
36. It was officially established on 8 October 1932 as an auxiliary
air force of the British Raj.
Earlier it is known as the Royal Indian Air force.
On 1 April 1933, the IAF commissioned its first squadron.
No.1 Squadron, with four
Westland Wapiti biplanes and five Indian pilots
37. First batch of three female fighter pilots
The achievement of the three is a significant
milestone for the Indian military, as this is the first
time it has permitted women into combat roles.
The first batch of three female pilots — Avani Chaturvedi, Bhawana Kanth
and Mohana Singh were inducted in Indian Air Force fighter squadron in
On successful completion of their training, the trio
were formally commissioned by defence Minister
Manohar Parrikar in December 2017
38. A Westland Wapiti, one of the first aircraft of the Indian
The Westland Wapiti was a British two-seat general-purpose
military single-engined biplane
No.1 Squadron Air Force was raised on 01 April 1933 at Drigh Road, Karachi
and equipped with 04 Westland Wapitis. The Indian element consisted of 6
officers and 9 technicians then known as Hawai Sepoys.
The Indian Air Force is divided into five operational and two functional commands.
Each Command is headed by an Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Air Marshal.
The purpose of an operational command is to conduct military operations using aircraft within its
area of responsibility, whereas the responsibility of functional commands is to maintain combat
41. Operational Commands:
Central Air Command (CAC), headquartered at Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
Eastern Air Command (EAC), headquartered at Shillong, Meghalaya.
Southern Air Command (SAC), headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
South Western Air Command (SWAC), headquartered at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Western Air Command (WAC), headquartered at New Delhi.
Training Command (TC), headquartered at Bangalore, Karnataka.
Maintenance Command (MC), headquartered at Nagpur, Maharashtra.
42. CONTRIBUTIONS OF INDIAN AIR FORCE IN MAJOR WARS
AGAINST OUR COUNTRY
World War II (1939–1945)
During World War II, the IAF played an instrumental role in blocking the advance of the Japanese army in Burma,
where its first air strike was on the Japanese military base in Arakan.
Carried out strike missions against the Japanese airbases at Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai in
The IAF was mainly involved in strikes, close Air Support, Aerial reconnaissance, bomber escort and Path finding
missions for the Royal Air Force (RAF) and United States Army Air Force (USAAF).
43. Partition of India (1947)
With the partition of the Indian sub-continent into two separate nations, the Union of
India and the Dominion of Pakistan, the military forces were also partitioned.
This gave a reduced Royal Indian Air Force and a new Royal Pakistan Air Force in
44. The Indo-Pak war took place between April 1965 and September 1965
between Pakistan and India.
In a bid to gain control of the erstwhile princely state of Jammu and
Kashmir, Pathan tribesmen poured into Kashmir on 20 October 1947, aided
by the Pakistani Army.
This was the most instrumental action of the war as the troops saved the city
from the invaders.
First Kashmir War (1947)
45. Sino-Indian War (1962)
In 1962, border disputes escalated into full-scale war between India and China
China won a military victory .
Second Kashmir War (1965)
Three years after the Sino-Indian conflict, India went to war with Pakistan again over
Learning from the experiences of the Sino-Indian war, India decided to use its air force
extensively during the war.
This was the first time the IAF actively engaged an enemy air force.
India won a military victory.
47. After Independence Indian Armed Forces were forcibly divided between India And
During this period India were involved into number of significant military
operations especially Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 and Operation Polo in which IAF
invaded the State of Hyderabad and Overthrew its Nizam, adding state into Indian
After India Becoming a sovereign republic on 26 January 1950, some of the last
vestiges of British rule were dropped and replaced with Indian tricolour and the Lion
Capital of Ashoka.
48. The Indian Air Force plays an important role in in securing Indian airspace and also in
India’s power projection in South Asia and Indian Ocean.
Therefore modernising and expanding Indian Air Force is a top priority for the Indian
Over the years, the IAF has grown from a tactical force to one with transoceanic reach.
The strategic reach emerges from induction of Force Multipliers like Flight Refuelling
Aircraft(FRA),Unmanned Aerial Vehicle(UAV) and credible strategic lift capabilities.
This is IAF’s primary air superiority fighter with the
additional capability to conduct air ground (strike)
It is developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under
India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
It was first accepted into the Indian Air force in 2002,
while entered service with IAF in 2004.
It has maximum speed of 2,120km/h at higher altitude
and 1350km/h at low altitude.
It has range of 3000 km at high altitude and 1270 km
at low altitude.
Related aircrafts are Sukhoi Su-30,Sukhoi Su-
30MKN,Sukhoi Su-35,Sukhoi Su-37.
It is a dedicated air superiority fighter and constitutes a
second line of defence after the Sukhoi Su-30MKI.
It is developed by the Mikogyan design bureau as an air
superiority fighter and was developed to counter new US
fighters such as McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle and General
Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon.
The MIG-29 entered service with Soviet Air Force in 1982.
It has maximum speed of 2400km/h at higher altitude and
1500km/h at low altitude.
Related aircrafts are MiG-29k,MiG-29M,MiG-35.
Dassault Mirage 2000
It is a is a French multirole, single-engine fourth
generation jet fighter manufactured by Dassault
It was designed in the late 1970’s as a lightweight
fighter to replace the Mirage III for the French Air
It has first taken flight in 10 March 1978.
It has maximum speed of 3336km/h at higher altitude
and 1100km/h at low altitude.
It has range of 1550 km with drop tanks.
Related aircrafts are Dassault Mirage 2000N/2000D,
Dassaut Mirage 4000.
The BrahMos is a medium range ramjet supersonic cruise
missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft
It is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world.
It is a joint venture between the Russian Federations and
India’s DRDO who together have formed BrahMos
It has maximum speed of 3675km/h at higher altitude and
2812km/h at low altitude.
It has range of 450 km on Surface/Sea platform and 400km
on Air Platform.
The IIyushin II-78 is a four-engine aerial refuelling tanker
based on the II-76.
It has made its first flight in 26 June 1983.
It has a fuel transfer rate of 900 to 2200 litres/min.
It has maximum speed of 850km/h and range is 7300 km.
Related Aircraft is IIyushin II-76.
It is a large military transport aircraft developed for the
United Stated Air Force by McDonnell Douglas.
It has made its first flight in 15 September 1991.
It commonly performs tactical and strategic airlift
It has maximum speed of 829 km/h and range is 10390 km
Related Aircraft is McDonnell Douglas YC-15.
C-130J Super Hercules
It is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft.
It has made its first flight in 5 April 1996.
The Hercules family has the longest continuous production
run of any military aircraft in history.
It has a maximum speed of 671 km/h and range is 3334 km at
max normal payload.
Related Aircrafts are Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Lockheed L-
It is a twin-engine turboprop military transport aircraft.
It has made its first flight in 9 July 1976.
It is designed to withstand adverse weather conditions..
It has a maximum speed of 530 km/h and range is 2500
Related Aircrafts are Lockheed Antonov An-26,
The DRDO Airborne Early Warning Control System is a
project of India’s DRDO to develop an airborne early
warning and control system for Indian Air Force
It has made its first flight in 6 December 2011.
The aircraft platform selected was the Embrarer ERJ
Related Aircrafts are Embrarer ERJ 145 family,
59. May the ocean god be auspicious unto us.
"To be secure on land, we must be supreme at sea"
Indian Navy celebrates its anniversary on 4th
It is the strongest in the Indian Ocean and the
7th largest Navy in the world.
It is the 5th largest in the world.
56,000 personnel on active duty.
5,000 members of the naval aviation branch.
1,200 marine commandos.
1,000 Sagar Prahari Bal soldiers.
The dominance of the Maratha Navy started
with the ascent of Kanhoji Angre.
Until his Death in 1729, he repeatedly attack
the colonial powers of Britain and Portgual.
Aided by Maratha naval commanders
Mendhaji Bhatkar and Mainak Bhandari,
Kanhoji continued to capture and defeat the
61. Chief of the Naval staff
Admiral Sunil Lanba
Vice Chief of Naval staff
Vice Admiral Ajit Kumar
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff
Vice Admiral G. Ashok Kumar
67. MARCOS(Indian navy's special forces)
• "The Few, The Fearless"
• Special forces unit of Indian Navy , formed in 1987.
• Nicknamed "Crocodile".
• They are capable of undertaking operations in all types of terrain,
but are specialised in maritime operations.
Indian Navy Ships
• INS Abhimanyu: Home base of MARCOS nd loacted in Mumbai. Part of WNC.
• INS Karna: On july 12, 2016 was comissioned near
Visakhapatnam(as permanant).Part of ENC.
• INS Kalinga: Is part os ENC and co-laocated with INS Karna.