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Tantra Dosha

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Every science or literature should be perfect without any mistakes.
It should give a perfect clear cut meaning to the reader.
If any defects or the demerit in the meanings, words, construction of sentences, sequence of topics are found in a Shastra then the validity, popularity and importance of that Shastra is lost by its readers.
So every scholar should have the knowledge of these Tantra Doshas while preparing a new compositions, research papers and books etc. or reading a book.

Every science or literature should be perfect without any mistakes.
It should give a perfect clear cut meaning to the reader.
If any defects or the demerit in the meanings, words, construction of sentences, sequence of topics are found in a Shastra then the validity, popularity and importance of that Shastra is lost by its readers.
So every scholar should have the knowledge of these Tantra Doshas while preparing a new compositions, research papers and books etc. or reading a book.

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Tantra Dosha

  1. 1.  Every science or literature should be perfect without any mistakes.  It should give a perfect clear cut meaning to the reader.  If any defects or the demerit in the meanings, words, construction of sentences, sequence of topics are found in a Shastra then the validity, popularity and importance of that Shastra is lost by its readers.  So every scholar should have the knowledge of these Tantra Doshas while preparing a new compositions, research papers and books etc. or reading a book.
  2. 2.   The subject matter which does the Dooshana (vitiates) of a Tantra that is called as Tantra Dosha. These are quite opposite to the Tantra Gunas mentioned previously.
  3. 3.  Tantra Doshas are 14 in number, according to Sri. Shankara Sharma author of Tantra Yukti Vijnana.  15 Tantra Doshas according to Arunadutta commentator of Astanga Hrudaya.
  4. 4. 1. Aprasiddha 8. Sandigdha 2. Dushpranita 9. Punarukta 3. Asukarohya 10. Nishpramana 4. Asangata 11. Nishprayojana 5. Virrudha 12. Asamaptakshara 6. Ativistara 13. Vyahata 7. Atisankshipta 14. Aparthakam Arunadutta commentator of Ashtanga Hrudaya has described one more Tantra Dosha i.e. Bhinnakrama making the Doshas as 15 in number.
  5. 5. 1 Using the words which are not familiar and not used routinely is called as Aprasiddha Shabda. When such words are used in a Shastra, then it is called Aprasiddha Tantra Dosha. For ex- When it is said that ‘Udakya Stree should not have sexual intercourse’ here Udakya means Rutumati, this word ‘Udakya’ is unknown and non familiar.
  6. 6. 2 The Shastra which does not have the proper order of the Sutra (aphorisms) and Bhashya (interpretations) Krama is called as Dushpranita. This type of Tantra Dosha does not give the correct meaning of the chapter due to its improper arrangement of the subject matter.
  7. 7. 3 The Shastra containing words or sentences which are difficult to pronounce, then it is called as Asukarohya. For ex-
  8. 8. 4 If the Sutras explained in a chapter are not relevant to the topic or chapter, then it is called as Asangatartha.
  9. 9. 5 The Shastra which contains statements which are opposite to the fundamental principles and the concepts (Siddhantas) laid down by our Acharyas is called as Viruddham. It is of three types, Drushtanta Viruddha Siddhanta Viruddha Samaya Viruddha
  10. 10. Drushtanta Viruddha – Giving contrary examples are called Drushtanta Viruddha. For ex- ‘Atma is non distructable because it is not created like pot’ here comparing Atma with an artificially made pot is contrary. Siddhanta Viruddha – Statements which are opposite to the already proved concepts is called as Siddhanta Viruddha. For ex- If it is stated that Madhura, Amla and Lavana Rasas decrease Kapha Dosha then it is Siddhanta Viruddha. Samaya Viruddha – Opposite to the advice or the tradition is called as Samaya Viruddha. For ex- ‘Animals are to be sacrificed by the worshippers spiritual tradition’ and ‘follow non-violent attitude towards all living beings’ these both statements are opposite to one another.
  11. 11. 6 Detailed description of a subject where it is not necessarily required is called as Ativistaram. For ex- Detailed description of each and every Dravya coming under the Madhura Rasa is not necessary, as they have the similar properties.
  12. 12. 7 To describe topic/statements in brief is called Atisankshipta. If they are described in brief then it cannot be understood, so to get the complete meaning it should be elaborated by giving suitable examples. For ex- ‘Trisutra Ayurveda’ this does not clarify the subject if detailed description of Hetu, Linga and Aushadha is not available.
  13. 13. 8 Statements which arises/creates controversy in ones mind and create doubt about its reliability and truthfulness. The statements which are described without giving any logical reasoning are called as Sandigdha Vakya. For ex- Punarjanma is there or not?
  14. 14. 9 If the same sentences or statements or concepts are repeated again and again it is called Punarukta Dosha. This creates doubt about the worthiness of the Shastra in the mind of the readers.
  15. 15. 10 If the statements or the concepts are not validated by using the tools of Pramanas then it is called as Nishpramana.
  16. 16. 11 Every science or Shastra has its own importance, if a Shastra where statements or concepts are described without telling its importance, necessity, utility and applicability, then that Shastra/science is of no use. This type of statements or Shastra is called as Nishprayojana.
  17. 17. 12 If a statement or sentence is closed without completing it, then it is called as Asamaptakshara. Leaving the sentence incomplete will not give the full meaning of the statement or the sentence.
  18. 18. 13 A statement or concept which is proved at one place, if rejected at other place in the same Shastra then it is called as Vyahata Dosha. For ex- It is stated that Niruha Basti with Mustadi Kwatha relieves Prameha. But later in the contraindications it is said that Niruha Basti is contraindicated in Prameha. Both statements are contraindicated with each other.
  19. 19. 14 If a Shastra or a sentence contains the words (Pada) having 2 to 3 grammatic meanings, then the actual meaning of that sentence is not understood, this types of words or sentences are called as Aparthakam. For ex- Saindhava means Lavana and Horse.
  20. 20. 15 Arunadutta has described one more 15th demerit of the Shastra as Bhinnakrama. Deviation from the sequential order mentioned in the Shastra is called as Bhinnakrama. For ex- In Ayurveda the order of Pancha Mahabhutas should be spelled in the order of Akasha, Vayu, Teja, Apa and Pruthvi, if this order not followed then it is Bhinnakrama. Any author should be careful in avoiding these 15 Tantra Doshas from his work, so that the work may be useful in its purpose.

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