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[object Object],[object Object],Communication as a Spatial Problem: Methods and Theories
One spring day…. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Three months later, I am on the road…
Philosophical assumptions ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Space is of two kinds
Space is of two kinds…  Space is everywhere
Space is connections ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Looking at space from a meso- perspective ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Thematic assumptions. Three propositions
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Measuring communicative construction of space and fear
Multilingual Telephone  Surveys 1812 Households LA 801 Lexington 699 Brasov Communication Behavior Media Connections Belonging Index Avoidance/Desirability Demographics LA Focus Groups Community Issues  Brasov/Lexington mail-out Sociospatial Mapping Of fear/Comfort RESEARCH DESIGN
LOS ANGELES STUDY AREAS REFERENCE MAP
Paper and pencil map Mental mapping Methodology
Westside Sample COLOR KEY Feared Unknown Cautious Comfortable Affective Maps of Los Angeles example
COLOR KEY Very feared = -2 Feared =- 1 Unknown = 0 Cautious = 1 Comfortable = 2 ArcView Map digitization 1 -1 2 0 Constructing a mental map Note: Lexington & Brasov, added one color to balance scale Average the maps using their similar pixel structure
Los Angeles comfort composite map
Lexington avoidance vs. desirability maps
Brasov center-periphery geography of fear with focus on Gypsy/migrant worker area
Research questions ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
LA findings: TV and interpersonal connector maps Suggest that strong connection to the communication infrastructure increases fear Fear greatest of Hispanic/Black populations
LA violence and fear: The fear epicenter is situated in the 1965 riot hotspot
LA: TV instills greater fear of Watts Dependent on television Dependent on newspapers People with strongest connections to television fear Watts the most
Brasov vs. Lexington goals, avoidance, desirability, media ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],43 44 8 17 4 11 15 3 Lexington 50 53 0 20 25 23 1 10 Braşov                 People related 37 37 7 15 4 12 25 13 Lexington 29 33 12 17 10 15 27 30 Braşov                 Instrumental reasons 39 45 8 19 5 11 53 19 Lexington 33 40 10 14 11 13 69 15 Braşov                 Perceived place qualities 49 54 16 39 2 31 6 64 Lexington 27 43 17 25 22 31 3 45 Braşov Prefer Avoid Prefer Avoid Prefer Avoid Prefer Avoid Safety related Other People Newspapers Television Overall Percent  
Conclusions/recommendations ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Looking at space from a macro-perspective ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Research question ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Data ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Data cntd. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Statistical Analysis ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Global Moran’s I ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Local Moran’s I ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Results: Global values ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Results: local values ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Clusters= Local moran  value > 0 and significant
Discussion ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Let’s have a conversation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]

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Communication Infrastructure Shapes Spatial Fear Maps

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3. Three months later, I am on the road…
  • 4.
  • 5. Space is of two kinds
  • 6. Space is of two kinds… Space is everywhere
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11. Multilingual Telephone Surveys 1812 Households LA 801 Lexington 699 Brasov Communication Behavior Media Connections Belonging Index Avoidance/Desirability Demographics LA Focus Groups Community Issues Brasov/Lexington mail-out Sociospatial Mapping Of fear/Comfort RESEARCH DESIGN
  • 12. LOS ANGELES STUDY AREAS REFERENCE MAP
  • 13. Paper and pencil map Mental mapping Methodology
  • 14. Westside Sample COLOR KEY Feared Unknown Cautious Comfortable Affective Maps of Los Angeles example
  • 15. COLOR KEY Very feared = -2 Feared =- 1 Unknown = 0 Cautious = 1 Comfortable = 2 ArcView Map digitization 1 -1 2 0 Constructing a mental map Note: Lexington & Brasov, added one color to balance scale Average the maps using their similar pixel structure
  • 16. Los Angeles comfort composite map
  • 17. Lexington avoidance vs. desirability maps
  • 18. Brasov center-periphery geography of fear with focus on Gypsy/migrant worker area
  • 19.
  • 20. LA findings: TV and interpersonal connector maps Suggest that strong connection to the communication infrastructure increases fear Fear greatest of Hispanic/Black populations
  • 21. LA violence and fear: The fear epicenter is situated in the 1965 riot hotspot
  • 22. LA: TV instills greater fear of Watts Dependent on television Dependent on newspapers People with strongest connections to television fear Watts the most
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
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  • 35.

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. Up to this point I told you about my interest in understanding space as shaper of social interactions. Yet, space does not only shape, it is also itself shaped by social and cultural forces. My understanding of space is multidimensional. Perception of space starts with our physical proximities and with the surfaces and bodies we can touch, see, or survey with our senses. However, we conceive of space as slipping through and melting into areas well beyond our immediate reach. In addition, human space is affectively charged. Space is in part stored in our heads as a component of various “imagined communities” conceived in a “good” vs. bad terms. Towns are divided, in our minds, into desirable or “to be avoided at all cost” areas. Nations are described to us as uneven spaces of excellence or nothingness – a vision that changes with one’s perspective. The world itself is stored in our minds as a collection of mental maps: Glamorous Paris, hip Amsterdam, dangerous Middle East, tidy Germany, uncomprehesible Balkans etc. Space is thus continuously idealized and simplified. This process takes place mostly in our heads. However, the images affecting it do not spontaneously originate in our minds. We are being fed a continuous stream of information coming from our surroundings or, most importantly, from communication channels.