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population china market uk politics aggregate supply output gap investment business growth wto protectionism circular flow heuristics econ3 game theory natural resource fiscal policy economy prices human capital vat overseas aid obesity independence pricing strategies profitability profit margin as economics swot analysis emerging markets business ethics sustainability corporate social responsibility consumer spending economics growth exchange rate michael porter royal mail starbucks business plan m&a cash flow management aqa business studies financial accounts balance sheet bank loan venture capital trade credit diseconomies of scale productivity operations management operations business location cpa lean production business aims mission statement mission consumer confidence credit crunch strategic planning secondary research primary research competition standard of living added value adding value entrepreneurship new business entrepreneurs strategic direction aqa business collective 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shocks dynamic efficiency minimum price craft beer supply conditions market supply bounded rationality law of demand cross price elasticity of demand substitution effect demand curve individual demand market demand renewable resources free goods command and control regulations factor rewards factor inputs capital goods consumer goods elasticity of demand pollution taxes private goods hurdle model price discrimination sunk costs producer surplus competition economics price fixing competition policy developing economies gross national income copper prices brain drain primary product dependency capital flight research and development competitive advantage currencies vertical specialisation trade imbalances j curve effect chinese economy import tariff social norms richard thaler nudge choice architecture google t tutor2 customer service zondle ma eton college markets economic d multiplier effect subsidies thorstein veblen royal baby price-controls energy prices price-capping edinburgh festival sea transport sea cargo us economy federal minimum wage household spending disposable income david ricardo fdi opportunities threats pollution demographics urbanisation asos retailing rebalancing wage costs chinese economic growth strike action fbu industrial action branding disposal suntory lucozade brand non-core royal mail group moya greene privatisation public sector supreme court of the united states united states supreme court supreme court benefit payments social security legislatures constitution tax avoidance g8 tax havens tax haven david cameron george zimmerman trayvon martin syrian rebels syrian assad regime uk political party funding syria house of commons scottish nationalism alex salmond scotland debt ceiling gop democrats republicans shutdown general election bill clinton dambisa moyo angus deaton esther duflo microfinance microcredit economic recovery consumer price index unit 2 macro short run aggregate supply net trade ad-as analysis aggregate demand perfect 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copyright patents business ideas transformation process authority decentralisation decision-makiing centralisation delayering marketing objective marketing marketing objectives shareholders dividend yield dividends dividend per share moving averages delphi method marketing analysis correlation ansoff differentiation cost leadership payback period investment appraisal discounted cash flow arr profit center profit centre managing profit managing cash flow current ratio acid-test ratio liquidity financial efficiency assets gross profit margin operating margin roce stakeholders synergies merger integration mercedes-benz marketing mix quality control quality assurance total quality management pricing product life cycle net profit margin automation motivation organizational structure revenue technology contingency planning contingency plan risk management society business in society bank overdrafts business finance bank loans ethics laws legislation russia international expansion brazil environment business investment business cycle porter's five forces competitive structure industry structure change management strategic change change drivers resistance to change change corporate strategy lewin forcefield nokia strategic leadership autocratic leadership leadership leadership styles task culture power culture culture role culture person culture charles handy planning strategic plan external growth growth strategy sale and leaseback factoring credit control trade debtors budget capital budgeting variances buss1 ratio analysis income statement profit and loss account current liabilities fixed assets current assets debt private equity sale & leaseback leasing equity bank overdraft overheads cost minimisation quality capacity utilisation r&d creativity exam technique multi-site industrial inertia location decision-making project management critical path analysis jit kaizen waste cell production smart objectives aims functional objectives workforce planning double-dip franchising franchises small business startup company customer wants customer needs market share competitors market segments positioning map market mapping segmentation gini coefficient risk-taking short-run business structure open web independent learning itunesu technological change disruptive business models strategy retrenchment aqa econ unit 1 studies as businessaqa aqa
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