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Selfies

  1. 1. #Selfies Is it a psychiatric disorder?
  2. 2. Nominated!! nominated ‘Word Of The Year’ last year in the Oxford Dictionary, it’s alarming news to know that people are becoming this way over selfies
  3. 3. A selfie is a type of self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone. Selfies are often associated with social networking, like Instagram. They are often casual, are typically taken either with a camera held at arm's length or in a mirror, and typically include either only the photographer or the photographer and as many people as can be in focus, which is more commonly known as a 'an Usie (Us-E)' http://www.oxforddictionaries.com Origin early 21st century: from self + -ie.
  4. 4. Is it a mental disorder?? 2014 ; American Psychiatric Association - the act of taking a selfie can be considered a mental disorder. -The disorder has been labeled selfitis - defined as an obsessive compulsive desire to take photos of oneself and publish it onto social media, like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and so on. -? lack of self esteem ? Lack of confidence ? trigger perceptions of self-indulgence or attention seeking social dependence
  5. 5. Classification of selfies ( APA 2014) 1. borderline : take photos 3 times a day but don’t necessarily post them on social media 2. acute : taking photos of oneself at least 3 times a day and posting it on social media 3. chronic : “uncontrollable urge” to take photos of oneself around the clock and posting them onto social media at least six times a day
  6. 6. ● A psychologist from The Priory, London, said that talking lots of selfies is not an addiction, but a symptom of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) ● A Boston-based psychologist thinks talking lots of selfies is an indicator that someone has a lack of confidence ● Selfie fans with BDD can spend hours trying to take pictures that do not show any defects or flaws in their appearance, which they are very aware of but which might be unnoticeable to others. ● Often, people who take selfies take several photographs until they find their best angle or pose, but picking out small details can make people very self-conscious about the tiniest of ‘flaws’.
  7. 7. ‘Taking Selfies is not an addiction - it’s a symptom of Body Dysmorphic Disorder that involves checking one’s appearance.’ ● Dr David Veale, a consultant psychiatrist in cognitive behaviour therapy at the South London and Maudsley NHS Trust and The Priory Hospital, told The Sunday Mirror: ● ‘2/3 of all the patients who come to see me with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) since the rise of camera phones have a compulsion to repeatedly take and post selfies on social media sites.
  8. 8. ●Cognitive behavioural therapy is used to help patients moderate their behaviour. ● ●At the moment there is no cure for the disorder, but apparently Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can be considered as a temporary treatment. ● ● ● ●
  9. 9. Case 1 ● In one extreme case, a British teenager Danny Bowman tried to commit suicide because he was unsatisfied with his appearance in the selfies he took. ● He was so desperate to attract girls, he spent 10 hours a day taking more than 200 selfies trying to find the perfect image, but his habit, which began at the age of 15, caused him to drop out of school and lose almost two stone in weight. ● He did not leave his house in Newcastle upon Tyne for six months, and when he failed to take a flawless shot, he tried to kill himself by taking an overdose. ● Luckily, his mother, Penny, managed to save him, but he was forced to seek help after his habit had spiralled out of control. ● He told the Sunday Mirror: 'I was constantly in search of taking the perfect selfie and when I realised I couldn’t I wanted to die. ● ● ‘I lost my friends, my education, my health and almost my life. The only thing I idol – leonardo di carpio Has been on BHT rx in a psy clinic and currently working at Fixers – a national charity helping young people ‘to ‘fix’ the issues that matter to them.
  10. 10. What is BDD ● BDD is characterised by a preoccupation with one or more perceived flaws in appearance, which are unnoticeable to others, according to the BDD Foundation. ● As well as the excessive self-consciousness, individuals with BDD often feel defined by their flaw. ● They often experience an image of their perceived defect associated with memories, emotions and bodily sensations – as if seeing the flaw through the eyes of an onlooker, even though what they ‘see’ may be very different to their appearance observed by others. ● Sufferers tend repeatedly to check on how bad their flaw is - for example in mirrors and reflective surfaces - attempt to camouflage or alter the perceived defect and avoid public or social situations or triggers that increase distress. ● People with BDD can find themselves housebound or seek out needless cosmetic surgery. They are also at an increased risk of suicid ●
  11. 11. Malay translation :) ● Penyakit Kesilapbentukan Tubuh, adalah ilusi merbahaya yang dialami oleh mereka yang merasakan tubuh badan dan penampilan mereka sangat2 tidak sempurna dan menakutkan orang yang melihatnya, sedang tubuh mereka sebenarnya elok2 saja.
  12. 12. Kes 1 ● Jenny bangun seawall 6.15 pagi dan membelek2 muka dan badannya sehingga 5 jam. Lebih memburukkan keadaan, Jenny turut mengalami was- was yang teruk. Apabila dia telah benar2 yakin untuk keluar rumah, sebaik sahaja dia menghampiri kereta, dia akan masuk ke dalam rumah semula. ● ●
  13. 13. Confidence related Mental- health issues problem? ● ?an increasing number of individuals could have confidence-related mental health issues in the future. ● ‘To pay close attention to published photos, controlling who sees or who likes or comments them, hoping to reach the greatest number of likes is a symptom that “selfies” are causing problems.’Panpimol Wipulakorn, of the Thai Mental Health Department told Collective Evolution: ● ●
  14. 14. It is not a problem until... “occurs when you're waiting for feedback from others. If you spend the next 20 minutes furiously clicking refresh, or wishing specific people commented, then it could be a sign that you're overly dependent on external feedback to determine your inner happiness - Ellen Kenner, Ph.D., a psychologist in Rhode Island
  15. 15. Live life ! ● Try limiting your sharing-at least for a bit. ● Instead of immediately posting, keep them on your phone to look at later, or just send them to a best friend or significant other. ● Says Kulaga, "Like the saying goes, it's all about creating a life that feels good on the inside, not a life that only looks good on the outside."

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