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Epidemic diseases in the history

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It’s tough to believe in this era of great antibiotics and progressive treatment that diseases like tuberculosis and polio can take your life. But in history, a particular disease could cause the devastation of humankind. Here’s a list of top 10 epidemic diseases in the history accountable for wiping off millions of lives across the globe:

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin
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Epidemic diseases in the history

  1. 1. Tuberculosis tops the list of top 10 epidemic diseases in the history! Signs of this disease have been tracked down with the DNA of ancient Egyptian mummies. This fact revealed that the epidemic has been creating havoc on the human race for decades. Tuberculosis is caused by a bacteria that spreads through the air. This rampant disease attacks the lungs, causing internal weakness, night sweats, chest pains, and fits of coughing.
  2. 2. It is broadly known as one of the most dreadful outbreaks in history. Though it lasted for a year, this strain of virus caused the deaths of 50 to 100 million people. Symptoms were similar to todays’ influenza virus. But, in this type of epidemic excessive fluid buildup in the lungs, resulted in the death of millions.
  3. 3. The Black Death is known as the life-threatening outburst on earth. It has cut down population ratio in half throughout the parts of the world like Asia and Europe in the 14th century. Indications of Black Death include swollen lymph glands, with fever, bloody mucus and fever.
  4. 4. This disease is closely related to malaria as it spreads from person to person through infected mosquitoes. Yellow fever still persists in the areas of Africas and South America. Considerably, it is a fatal disease causing acute internal bleeding and liver failure, which is marked by the yellowing of the skin.
  5. 5. It caused the death of around 90 million Native American when the Europeans carried it over to the America. It is still considered as one of the most severe epidemics in the US. This disease can be marked by body aches, high fevers, and a serious rash resulting from liquid-filled bumps leaving scars on the skin.
  6. 6. Cholera causes influenza-like symptoms like vomiting, cramping, dehydration and diarrhea leading to death. It is often transmitted through contaminated food and water. This fatal disease moved around the world in the 19th century including the US.
  7. 7. Malaria is one of the longest-surviving threats to humankind! Records of the malaria go back around 4,000 years and it still persists even today. This affects the areas like sub-Saharan Africa, where between 350 to 500 million cases of malaria are diagnosed annually.
  8. 8. This life-threatening disease spreads widely across the globe! Caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which is transmitted through contact with bodily fluids and attacks the immune system. Medications like anti-retroviral therapy treatments have reduced the symptoms and extend the life-cycle of those affected by around 4 to 12 years.
  9. 9. One of the 10 deadliest epidemics in history, Typhus was caused by microbes contracted by bodily lice, this distressing disease spread in close, confined quarters and impoverished cities dating back to the 1600s. This disease is marked by symptoms like headache, fever, and nausea. If these signs left untreated, lead to heat exhaustion, effecting on blood circulation leading and can be resulted into organ failure.
  10. 10. It usually spreads through contaminated water and food, this disease is persisting for around thousands of years. Symptoms usually affect the legs leading to paralysis. Epidemics in the US peaked in 1952; nearly 57,628 cases were reported around the nation.