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Planning Chicago
presentation at the

Civic Lab
Monday, February 24 2013

D. Bradford Hunt
Dean, College of Professional S...
Chicago Plans
Downtown
Comprehensive Planning for
the city’s future, 1958-1974
The Heyday of Modern Planning in Chicago
1958 - 1973

1958

1966

1973

3
Richard J. Daley Consolidates
Planning Power, 1956-1957
• Creates Public Building Commission of Chicago (1956)
• Enacts Zo...
Development Plan for
the Central Area of Chicago, 1958
• “Compact, accessible Loop”
• 50,000 new residents (middleclass)

...
Growth Coalition

Mayor Richard J. Daley and city leaders viewing model of 1958 Development
Plan for the Central Area of C...
Railroad Space
in Chicago, 1930
Encyclopedia of Chicago, 2004
Downtown Living: Marina City (1963)

8
New University of Illinois Campus (1964)

University of Illinois Campus, no date, 1970s
Transit Investment, 1950s

10
The 1966 Comprehensive Plan of Chicago
• Covered the whole city

• $500 million in capital
spending per year
• Follow-on r...
The 1966 Comprehensive Plan of Chicago

12
Follow-on Regulatory Plan:
Illinois Center (1968)

Illinois Central Rail Yards, 1947
Illinois Center and Lakeshore East, 2012
Follow-on Regulatory Plans:
Lakefront Plan (1972) and Riveredge Plan (1974)

15
Chicago 21
• Bold plans for downtown
living
• Bold Plans for Near South
(Dearborn Park)

• Transit ideas
• State Street Ma...
“Chicago 21” (1973) and Dearborn Park

17
Mayor Harold Washington and Jobs

18
Goose Island,
Planned
Manufacturing
District,
2012

19
City of
Chicago
Industrial
Corridors,
2011

20
Industrial
Corridors:
Calumet Area
Land Plan
2001

21
Planning for Jobs:
Ford’s Chicago Assembly Plant
Calumet Industrial Corridor

22
Chicago Plans the
Neighborhoods
Race, class, and the
neighborhoods
Neighborhood Planning: Urban Renewal

Urban Renewal on Chicago’s South Side, 1954
Lake Meadows (complete) and future South...
Neighborhood Planning:
Backlash against Top-Down Planning and the
Rise of Community-Based Planning

The Woodlawn
Organizat...
Neighborhood Planning:
Uptown, Voice of the People

26
Englewood: Retail decline

Halsted Street near 63rd Street, 2000
27
Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College,
2008
Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College,
2008
Local Initiatives
Support Corporation
(LISC) New
Communities
Program
“Quality-of-Life” planning
process
Englewood Quality of Life Plan, 2005
Englewood Quality of Life Plan, 2005
Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College,
2008
Chicago Returns to
Downtown
Central Area Plan 2003
Central Area Action Plan 2009
Chicago Central Area Plan, 2003

35
Office Growth in West Loop,
Chicago Central Area Plan, 2003

36
West Loop Transportation Center, 2003

37
West Loop Transportation Center, 2003

38
Transitway under Monroe Street, 2003

39
Transitways,
2003 Central
Area Plan

40
Central Area Action Plan, 2009
Transportation needs

41
Olympic Bid

42
Challenges for the
present and future
Will the city rise to them?
Population, Race, and Immigration

44
Population
Change,
2000-2010

45
46
Tax Increment
Financing
Districts
2011

47
Mayor Emanuel and Planning
• Budget for Department of Housing and Economic
Development (DHED) down by 40% in recent years
...
Planning Chicago Agenda
• Increase transit capacity
• Adapt industrial policy to rapidly changing needs
• Pursue robust ne...
50
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Planning Chicago: An Historical Perspective on our Present-Day Problems

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Presented by Prof. Brad Hunt, Roosevelt University, at the CivicLab, February 24, 2014. The CivicLab is America's only co-working space dedicated to collaboration, education and innovation for civic engagement. http://www.civiclab.us.

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Planning Chicago: An Historical Perspective on our Present-Day Problems

  1. 1. Planning Chicago presentation at the Civic Lab Monday, February 24 2013 D. Bradford Hunt Dean, College of Professional Studies Vice Provost, Adult and Experiential Learning
  2. 2. Chicago Plans Downtown Comprehensive Planning for the city’s future, 1958-1974
  3. 3. The Heyday of Modern Planning in Chicago 1958 - 1973 1958 1966 1973 3
  4. 4. Richard J. Daley Consolidates Planning Power, 1956-1957 • Creates Public Building Commission of Chicago (1956) • Enacts Zoning Reform (1957) • Creates Department of City Planning (1957)
  5. 5. Development Plan for the Central Area of Chicago, 1958 • “Compact, accessible Loop” • 50,000 new residents (middleclass) • New University of Illinois campus • Limited clearance and displacement • Endorsed Transit expansion
  6. 6. Growth Coalition Mayor Richard J. Daley and city leaders viewing model of 1958 Development Plan for the Central Area of Chicago
  7. 7. Railroad Space in Chicago, 1930 Encyclopedia of Chicago, 2004
  8. 8. Downtown Living: Marina City (1963) 8
  9. 9. New University of Illinois Campus (1964) University of Illinois Campus, no date, 1970s
  10. 10. Transit Investment, 1950s 10
  11. 11. The 1966 Comprehensive Plan of Chicago • Covered the whole city • $500 million in capital spending per year • Follow-on regulatory framework plans • Chicago 21 plan for central area 11
  12. 12. The 1966 Comprehensive Plan of Chicago 12
  13. 13. Follow-on Regulatory Plan: Illinois Center (1968) Illinois Central Rail Yards, 1947
  14. 14. Illinois Center and Lakeshore East, 2012
  15. 15. Follow-on Regulatory Plans: Lakefront Plan (1972) and Riveredge Plan (1974) 15
  16. 16. Chicago 21 • Bold plans for downtown living • Bold Plans for Near South (Dearborn Park) • Transit ideas • State Street Mall 16
  17. 17. “Chicago 21” (1973) and Dearborn Park 17
  18. 18. Mayor Harold Washington and Jobs 18
  19. 19. Goose Island, Planned Manufacturing District, 2012 19
  20. 20. City of Chicago Industrial Corridors, 2011 20
  21. 21. Industrial Corridors: Calumet Area Land Plan 2001 21
  22. 22. Planning for Jobs: Ford’s Chicago Assembly Plant Calumet Industrial Corridor 22
  23. 23. Chicago Plans the Neighborhoods Race, class, and the neighborhoods
  24. 24. Neighborhood Planning: Urban Renewal Urban Renewal on Chicago’s South Side, 1954 Lake Meadows (complete) and future South Commons site, 1955
  25. 25. Neighborhood Planning: Backlash against Top-Down Planning and the Rise of Community-Based Planning The Woodlawn Organization
  26. 26. Neighborhood Planning: Uptown, Voice of the People 26
  27. 27. Englewood: Retail decline Halsted Street near 63rd Street, 2000 27
  28. 28. Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College, 2008
  29. 29. Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College, 2008
  30. 30. Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) New Communities Program “Quality-of-Life” planning process
  31. 31. Englewood Quality of Life Plan, 2005
  32. 32. Englewood Quality of Life Plan, 2005
  33. 33. Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College, 2008
  34. 34. Chicago Returns to Downtown Central Area Plan 2003 Central Area Action Plan 2009
  35. 35. Chicago Central Area Plan, 2003 35
  36. 36. Office Growth in West Loop, Chicago Central Area Plan, 2003 36
  37. 37. West Loop Transportation Center, 2003 37
  38. 38. West Loop Transportation Center, 2003 38
  39. 39. Transitway under Monroe Street, 2003 39
  40. 40. Transitways, 2003 Central Area Plan 40
  41. 41. Central Area Action Plan, 2009 Transportation needs 41
  42. 42. Olympic Bid 42
  43. 43. Challenges for the present and future Will the city rise to them?
  44. 44. Population, Race, and Immigration 44
  45. 45. Population Change, 2000-2010 45
  46. 46. 46
  47. 47. Tax Increment Financing Districts 2011 47
  48. 48. Mayor Emanuel and Planning • Budget for Department of Housing and Economic Development (DHED) down by 40% in recent years • Recently revived Department of Planning • “Privatization of Planning” – World Business Chicago – OECD Territorial Review • “Quick Recruitment Hits” 48
  49. 49. Planning Chicago Agenda • Increase transit capacity • Adapt industrial policy to rapidly changing needs • Pursue robust neighborhood planning • Assert planning as a priority and as a “public good” 49
  50. 50. 50

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