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George Washington's Foreign Policy

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As the French Revolution began to shake the foundations of Europe, George Washington found himself stuck between the Federalists, who wanted to strengthen economic ties with Britain, and the Jeffersonians, who wanted to the United States to express solidarity with her sister republic in France. Caught between two extremes, Washington chose the middle path of neutrality. The Citizen Genet affair and the unpopular Jay treaty presented challenges to Washington's administration, while Pinckney's Treaty settled boundary and navigation disputes with Spain.

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George Washington's Foreign Policy

  1. 1. Washington’s Foreign Policy
  2. 2. AMERICA: 1790
  3. 3. Our Revolution was Over.
  4. 4. Jacques-Louis David, The Tennis Court Oath
  5. 5. The Storming of the Bastille, 14 July 1789
  6. 6. The French Tricolor They wanna be us... But they AIN’T us.
  7. 7. The French Revolution HamiltonJefferson US Should Support French Revolution US Should Oppose French Revolution
  8. 8. WAR!!! France vs. Europe
  9. 9. How should the United States respond?
  10. 10. Neutrality Proclamation “Whereas it appears that a state of war exists between Austria, Prussia, Sardinia, Great Britain, and the United Netherlands, of the one part, and France on the other... 1793
  11. 11. Neutrality Proclamation 1793 “The duty and interest of the United States require, that they should with sincerity and good faith adopt and pursue a conduct friendly and impartial toward the belligerent Powers...”
  12. 12. Washington’s Legacy
  13. 13. Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation defined American foreign policy toward Europe until World War II. Washington’s Legacy
  14. 14. “Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars!” -- FDR, 1940 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JfSU-VGixjM
  15. 15. Art courtesy of Sam B. and James J. (APUSH 2008-2009)
  16. 16. Citizen Genet French Ambassador to the U.S. 1793-1794 Privateers: • Republicaine • Anti-George • Sans-Culotte • Citizen Genêt
  17. 17. Hamilton Jefferson You’re right. He has to be dismissed. Citizen Genet’s lack of regard for diplomatic protocol resulted in a rare agreement between Jefferson and Hamilton.
  18. 18. Photo by Gage Skidmore Citizen Genet was FIRED.
  19. 19. Jefferson
  20. 20. Photo by Roger Smith Jefferson, frustrated with the administration’s pro-British policies, retired to Monticello.
  21. 21. Britain agrees to abandon forts in U.S. in exchange for Most Favored Nation (MFN) trading status. The Jay Treaty John Jay 1794-1796
  22. 22. The Jay Treaty strengthened economic ties with aristocratic Britain, while creating tension between the U.S. and republican France.
  23. 23. http://www.city-journal.org/2010/20_1_urb-john-jay.html
  24. 24. Photo by Kurt Magoon Advice and Consent
  25. 25. Ratified 20-10* * Treaties require a 2/3 vote of the Senate for ratification. Photo by Kurt Magoon
  26. 26. • Settled West Florida Boundary • Free navigation of the Mississippi R. • Right of Deposit (New Orleans) Thomas Pinckney (SC) Pinckney’s Treaty 1795
  27. 27. Map by Golbez
  28. 28. Map by Golbez Free Navigation
  29. 29. A precedent for all future presidents Two Terms
  31. 31. Art courtesy of Sam B. and James J. (APUSH 2008-2009)
  32. 32. TWO TERM PRECEDENT Photo by rogerblake2 The Twenty-second Amendment (1951) made Washington’s precedent official.
  33. 33. Jeffersonian Ideas WASHINGTON Hamiltonian Ideas UNION Sectionalism Political Parties Excessive Debt Virtue (Religion and Morality) Consolidation of Power Neutrality Washington’s Farewell Address