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*** QoE Metrics ***
While Quality of Experience (QoE) has advanced very significantly as a field in recent years, the methods used for analyzing it have not always kept pace. When QoE is studied, measured or estimated, practically all the literature deals with Mean Opinion Scores (MOS). The MOS provides a simple scalar value for QoE, but it has several limitations, some of which are made clear in its name: for many applications, just having a mean value is not sufficient. For service and content providers in particular, it is more interesting to have an idea of how the scores are distributed, so as to ensure that a certain portion of the user population is experiencing satisfactory levels of quality, thus reducing churn. We put forward the limitations of MOS, present other statistical tools that provide a much more comprehensive view of how quality is perceived by the users, and illustrate it all by analyzing the results of several subjective studies with these tools.
*** QoE Fairness ***
User-centric service and application management focuses on the Quality of Experience (QoE) as perceived by the end user. Thereby, the goal is to maximize QoE while ensuring fairness among users, e.g., for resource allocation and scheduling in shared systems. Although the literature suggests to consider consequently QoE fairness, there is currently no accepted definition of QoE fairness. The contribution of this paper is the definition of a generic QoE fairness index F which has desirable key properties as well as the rationale behind it. By using examples and a measurement study involving multiple users downloading web content over a bottleneck link, we differentiate the proposed index from QoS fairness and the widely used Jain’s fairness index. Based on results, we argue that neither QoS fairness nor Jain’s fairness index meet all of the desirable QoE-relevant properties which are met by F. Consequently, the proposed index F may be used to compare QoE fairness across systems and applications, thus serving as a benchmark for QoE management mechanisms and system optimization.