4. What is an architect ?
• A licensed professional trained in the art and
science of building design.
• Someone who develops the concepts for
structures and turn those concepts into
• A person who plans, designs, observes and
oversees the construction of buildings.
6. What is Architectural Drawing ?
An architectural drawing or architect's drawing is...
• a technical drawing of a building (or building
project) that falls within the definition of architecture
• used by architects and other professions to
provide a guideline for how a structure or building
should be built
A statement of client's requirements that provides the
necessary information to describe the rationale, purpose,
goals, costs, risks, constraints and time and performance
requirements of a project.
• Act as an adviser by giving a sound clear advise at the
outset of the project.
• To understand client's requirements, objectives and
• To respond as accurately and appropriately as possible to
the client's brief.
• To advise generally on various aspects of the client's brief.
A rapidly executed freehand drawing.
A quick way to record and develop an idea.
A 'draft' that outlines the parameters and
concepts of a design
Comprises repetitive over traced lines made to
explore precise shape
13. • To obtain a visual impression of shape, type of
materials and size
• To show relationship between parts in an informal
and loose manner
14. SCHEMATIC DESIGN
First phase in the design of a project where an architect
prepares schematic diagrams giving a general view of the
project after detailed discussions with the clients.
• Acts as a guide of the client towards the best solutions.
• Plays the role in presenting several concepts to the client and
help to inform the refinements necessary to reach the finalized
• Re-draft the program after making the first pass at schematic
design to ensure that expectations are stated clearly based on
any new design criteria discovered in schematic design.
• Compile all of the required and desired elements into a set of
24. SCHEMATIC DESIGN
• Used for exploring design concepts, material selection,
preliminary cost estimates and a basis for the
preparation of finished working drawings.
25. DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
A stage in which a project are further refined and described.
The point which decisions are made and evaluated for their
practicality and execution, also, concepts are solidified into
• To comply with local planning and zoning laws.
• To work with any specialist consultants involved with the project,
regulatory authorities and local council.
• Act as an adviser to the client on various aspects.
• Identify constraints, advise in terms of feasibility studies and option
• Prepare all the detail drawings and permit documents which may be
used to apply for Development Permits.
• Prepare and lodge the application for Planning Permission and
28. Construction Drawing
• A graphic and written record of the decisions
made during the design development process.
• It is also called the blueprints.
• Must comply with the building codes.
30. • To apply for building plan approval from Building &
Construction Authority (BCA).
•To be submitted to the local jurisdiction for building permit.
31. Working Drawing
• Has a direct correlation to the performance of the entire
workforce responsible for the construction.
• Show any unique features or requirements that need
• Subdivide into location, assembly and component
32. Functions of Working Drawing :
• Provides all the necessary information to
manufacture, construct, assemble, or install a
component or construction elements.
• Convey technical information about the building
project and are issued to site for construction
35. • Component drawing enables self-contained elements to be
fabricated in a workshop, delivered to the site and ready for
36. Detail Drawing
• A drawing that shows a small part of the
construction at a larger scale.
• Includes a complete and exact description
and dimensions of the construction building.
• As an assistant and adviser to the building contractor and client
on matters relating to building contracts.
• To inform the client of any significant developments or
• To inspect the building at the completion of the project and to
draw up schedules of outstanding works, incomplete items and
• To pay attention to environmental and sustainable issues.
• To have regular site visits to check on progress.
A stage of the ongoing upkeep of buildings, equipment,
and utilities required to ensure that the facility is in a
fully functional state.
42. ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES
• May left to tidy up the loose ends neglected by the
• To monitor any latent defects for a period of time
after completion of the construction project.
• Help to plan a sequence of inspection and
maintenance procedures especially for those parts
of a building exposed to the rigours of our climate.