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Received more than 250 awards over four decades
1993- Noble Peace Prize</li></li></ul><li>The British<br />British left south Africa in 1910.<br />They left the small white population of south African born whites to rule the country.<br />Population…<br />10% white<br />70% black<br />20% other<br />
Apartheid<br />A rigid separation of races.<br />None whites were not allowed to vote.<br />Non whites were told where to live.<br />These places were called ‘homelands’<br />Non whites were told where to work.<br />The theory was that if they were kept within their own ethnic groups they could develop their own culture.<br />
Inequality<br />Strict laws were passed to ensure a peaceful country<br />To control the movement of the non-white population, they created the passbooks<br />Passbooks gave certain workers permission to be in city. All others could not come into the city. – Divided families <br />
Inequality cont...<br />All aspects were divided into white or black areas.<br />Beaches<br />Bathrooms<br />Schools<br />Restaurants<br />Funding was not distributed evenly.<br />
Non-violence<br />ARCHBISHOP DESMOND TUTU.<br />Advocated a nonviolent approach to change the government.<br />Staged peaceful protest rallies<br />Won the Nobel peace prize in 1984.<br />Staged a peaceful protest rally in Sharpeville.<br />The government used extreme force to disburse the protesters.<br />60 people were killed.<br />
Poverty<br />Poverty was one of the largest problems for blacks.<br />Forced to live in areas unsuitable for humans, these degrading shacks were called home by millions. <br />
Desmond Tutu<br /><ul><li>Desmond tutu respected holy man who advocated a non violent approach to changing the government.
He would win the Nobel peace prize in 1984 for his efforts.</li></li></ul><li>Government Reacts<br />The racist government looked to stop these protest rallies.<br />They banned all opposition groups to the government.<br />Among them was the African national congress (ANC).<br />One of its leaders, nelson Mandela, was forced to flee.<br />He would later be captured and sentenced to life imprison in 1964.<br />
International Pressure<br />The violent acts against the peaceful protesters made national headlines.<br />The OAU, organization of African unity, urged countries to boycott south Africa.<br />The U.N. Placed an arms embargo on the country.<br />The U.S. Even imposed economic sanctions.<br />
Steps Towards Change<br />The International sanctions took there toll on the country.<br />Many white business men urged the government for change.<br />By 1980, it repelled the passbook laws.<br />By 1989, the ban on opposition groups, such as the ANC, was lifted.<br />Nelson Mandela was finally freed after 25 years of imprisonment.<br />
Freedom For Mandela!<br /><ul><li>Continuing to lead the ANC through his letters and his wife, Winnie, Mandela would emerge from prison, not a forgotten casualty of apartheid, but the voice of the south African black population!</li></li></ul><li>New Constitution<br />By the early 1990’s, the president of south africa, de klerk, agreed to hold talks with tutu and Mandela.<br />A new constitution was drawn up to include basic rights to all citizens, regardless of the race.<br />Including voting rights!<br />The first free elections were held in 1994 and Mandela was overwhelmingly elected as president.<br />