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Victoria Chaffers
January 2015
Historic Preservation Certificate Program
Salem College

 In the mid-1700s, many people migrated from Pennsylvania to North
Carolina and Virginia for the chance of finding a be...
Backcountry Housing
 The Backcountry was an area east of the Appalachian
Mountains. People from the northern colonies
mig...

 The Hoggatt family was one of the first Quaker families to settle
within the High Point area. There is a wide range of...

 Mary Glendinning was born on Dec. 8, 1698, in Edinburgh, Scotland.
 Philip and Mary were married around 1721. The loc...
 The Hoggatt House was located on one of Philip Hoggatt’s land grants
on Richland Creek in what is now southwest High Po...

 This type of house is typical of Backcountry dwellings of the
late 18th and early 19th Centuries .
 Only two families...

 1801- Joseph Hoggatt (Son of Philip Hoggatt)
 1815- Zimri Hoggatt (Son of Joseph)
 1821-Mahlon Hoggatt (Son of Zimri...

 In 1801, when the Hoggatt House was first built, it was just a single
room home with a garret (a small living space in...

Original Floor Plan
Victoria Chaffers- Personal Draft

 The house included:
o A fireplace and stone chimney on the gable end. This was utilized
as a source for cooking, heat,...

 A frame constructed lean-to room was added to the entire back of the
house.
 A chimney was added with a small firepla...

First Alteration Floor Plan
Victoria Chaffers- Personal Draft

 Later additions changed the floor plan to a Hall and Parlor Plan – a
main room with two smaller chambers.
Second Alter...

Second Alteration Floor Plan
Victoria Chaffers- Personal Draft

 A front porch extended across the entire front façade of the house with
a small room used to store firewood.
 Another...

Hoggatt House Features: Exterior
 Side Gable roof with hand-split shakes/Shingle roofing
 Log and Chinking structure
...

Side Gable Roof with Hand-
Split Shakes/Shingle roofing
https://www.dlsweb.rmit.edu.au/toolbo
x/buildright/content/bcgbc...

Log and Chinking
 Log and Chinking were common
materials in these early structures.
 Logs: White Oak and Red Oak
 Chi...

V-Notch
V-Notch
 This was a common log construction
technique in the 18th-19th Centuries.
Victoria Chaffers- Personal P...

Locking Pegs
Back elevation of house; Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photos
Locking Peg
 Three of these small holes are pe...

Door Features
The rear door with
original thumb latch
Board and Batten door
Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photos

Stone Chimney
Paved Shoulder
Stone Chimney
◙ This stone chimney is part of the 1801 house. ◙
Victoria Chaffers- Personal...

Brick Chimney
Stepped Shoulder
Common Bond Laid Brick
Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo
♦ This chimney was
added in 1824.

Hoggatt House Features: Interior
Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo

Hoggatt House Features: Interior
 Beaded Ceiling
 Corner Staircase and evidence of
relocation
 Fireplaces
 Joist Not...

Beaded Ceiling
Beaded Ceiling
 Beaded Ceilings were a
decorative feature to
houses, making the
space appear larger.

Corner Staircase and
Evidence of Relocation
Notched
 A cut-out in the joist shows
where the staircase was located
in th...

Fireplaces: Stone
 This fireplace would be where all the cooking would take place.
 The fireplace is made up of fields...

Fireplaces: Brick
Brick Fireplace
 The surround of the
fireplace is plaster
with a brick hearth.

Joist Notching
Joist Notching
 Joist notching is found in the
1824 addition, indicating that
it may have been part of
a...

Doors
Strap Hinges
Bar Latch

Move of 1973
2003.071.013
54-1221

Move of 1973
 In 1973, owner Betty Jo Kellam
donated the house to the
High Point Museum.
 The Hoggatt House was moved
...

Move of 1973: Armfield House
 At the time of the move to
the Historic Park, the
Hoggatt House was
thought to have been ...

Move of 1973: Restoration
Taking down brick chimney
Removing clapboard siding

Move of 1973: Restoration
Putting it back
together in the
Historic Park

Move of 1973: Restoration
Re-building the stone chimney

Move of 1973: Finished

House Fire of 2004
 On December 10, 2004, a lightening strike set fire to the Hoggatt House.
 The Fire destroyed parts...

Interior Damage
 The roof, flooring, and stairs
were completely destroyed.
 The logs and doors were all
charred and po...

Salvaged Items
 Some furnishings were saved, such as a 1825 blanket chest and an early
rush lamp.

Destroyed Items
 Many furnishings were destroyed,
including the textiles and items
used to demonstrate weaving
and sewi...

“Just a Dollar” Campaign
 On December 18, 2004, the “Just a Dollar” campaign was launched with a
goal of raising $15,00...

Barn Donation
 Shirley DeLong donated an old tobacco barn on her property.
 The logs were used for interior and roof t...

Restoration from Fire
 It was a long process until opening day.

Restoration from Fire
Cleaning the logs of burn damage

Restoration from Fire
 The roof and stairs took most of the
damage from the fire; new wood
was aged naturally.

Restoration from Fire
Beading
Placing Floorboards
Window Installation

Restoration from Fire
Chinking
Painting

Dendrochronology
 A true date for the construction of the Hoggatt House had never been know for
certain. After the fire...

Opening Day
 On April 1, 2006, the
restored Hoggatt House was
re-opened to the public.

Hoggatt House Today
 Today, the Hoggatt House
provides hands-on experiences
with textiles and other period
activities f...
Visit the Hoggatt House at the High Point Museum
to learn more about the Hoggatt family and
Backcountry living in early Hi...
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Hoggatt House

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The Hoggatt House is a rare example of houses built by the early settlers of the Piedmont Backcountry. Originally a single room log cabin with a large stone fireplace, the house was built around 1801 and enlarged with a second room around 1824. It was moved to the Historical Park in 1973 from its original location at the corner of Phillips Avenue and Rotary Drive in High Point. The Hoggatt House was restored after a fire caused by a lightning strike in December 2004. Visit the Park Staff here to learn about the everyday lives and activities of settlers in the early 1800s.

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Hoggatt House

  1. 1. Victoria Chaffers January 2015 Historic Preservation Certificate Program Salem College
  2. 2.   In the mid-1700s, many people migrated from Pennsylvania to North Carolina and Virginia for the chance of finding a better life.  Many of these migrants were Quakers, who followed the Great Wagon Road south to places like the Piedmont area of North Carolina.  Philip and Mary Hoggatt were among the Quaker families who moved from Pennsylvania to build new homes in the South. ◙ Philip and Mary Hoggatt migrated first to Virginia around 1727, then settled in North Carolina around the early 1750s. ◙ Quakers in Piedmont, NC
  3. 3. Backcountry Housing  The Backcountry was an area east of the Appalachian Mountains. People from the northern colonies migrated here to take advantage of the rich land to farm and rivers and creeks to build mills.  Most buildings of this time and location were simple to build and durable. Most were made of mud and clay or were log cabins. o Most of the houses were single room with a front and back door and dirt floors. o These small dwellings also contained a fireplace for heat, light, and cooking.  As the backcountry migrants settled, they added to their homes. A window (typically found near the front door), flooring, and a half-story with stairs for use as extra sleeping quarters or storage area were some of the main additions. http://www.landofthebrave.info/imag es/map-of-appalachian-mountains.jpg
  4. 4.   The Hoggatt family was one of the first Quaker families to settle within the High Point area. There is a wide range of spellings for this name – Hoggett, Hoggatt, and Hagget - and some of these spellings are found within the same records.  Philip Hoggatt was born on January 16, 1687. Records show it may have been in England. Records also show him having arrived in America at an early age. ◙ Not much is recorded of Philip Hoggatt’s earlier years. ◙ Hoggatt Family History
  5. 5.   Mary Glendinning was born on Dec. 8, 1698, in Edinburgh, Scotland.  Philip and Mary were married around 1721. The location is unknown.  The Hoggatts had seven children - six boys and one girl. ◙ Philip and Mary are both buried at the Springfield Friends Meeting in High Point. ◙ Hoggatt Family History
  6. 6.  The Hoggatt House was located on one of Philip Hoggatt’s land grants on Richland Creek in what is now southwest High Point.  Thought to have been built around 1754, it was for many years cited as the oldest building in High Point.  A dendrochronology test completed in 2005 showed that the main structure was built in 1801. A later addition to the house was built in 1824. Philip Hoggatt died in 1783, so his youngest son, Joseph Hoggatt - who had inherited his father’s land – is the likely builder.  Betty Jo Kellam donated the house to the High Point Museum in 1973. Hoggatt House 2003.071.009
  7. 7.   This type of house is typical of Backcountry dwellings of the late 18th and early 19th Centuries .  Only two families (Hoggatt and Corbit) owned this house for almost a 200 year span.  It represents the Quaker heritage in High Point. Hoggatt House Significance
  8. 8.   1801- Joseph Hoggatt (Son of Philip Hoggatt)  1815- Zimri Hoggatt (Son of Joseph)  1821-Mahlon Hoggatt (Son of Zimri)  1850- Zimri Hoggatt (Son of Mahlon)  1868- Everett Turner Corbit (Joseph, son of Mahlon, sold to the Corbit family)  1915- Elizabeth (Burton) Corbit  1951- Alberta (Corbit) Snider  1968- Betty Jo (Snider) Kellam  1973- High Point Museum History of Owners
  9. 9.   In 1801, when the Hoggatt House was first built, it was just a single room home with a garret (a small living space in the top part of the house). ◙ This sometimes is called the Hall House Plan. ◙ Original Floor Plan
  10. 10.  Original Floor Plan Victoria Chaffers- Personal Draft
  11. 11.   The house included: o A fireplace and stone chimney on the gable end. This was utilized as a source for cooking, heat, and light within the small space. o Two doors and possibly two windows. The doors were located in the front and back of the house and the windows having to be one near the front door and another near the fireplace. o In the half story, there seems to have been a small window for ventilation and light. o Oral history records say there may have been a hatch located in front of the fireplace leading to a food storage pit. o Indication from ceiling rafters show that their were stairs to the half-story, in the opposite left corner from the fireplace. o A porch extended out from the front. Original Floor Plan
  12. 12.   A frame constructed lean-to room was added to the entire back of the house.  A chimney was added with a small fireplace. This was utilized as a kitchen stove with a flue pipe.  The lean-to had two windows and a door. The door was to the rear of the addition with a window beside it. The other window would have been close to the new chimney.  The rear door of the original structure became an interior door into the new room. ◙ It is speculated that a porch was enclosed to make this addition. ◙ First Alteration
  13. 13.  First Alteration Floor Plan Victoria Chaffers- Personal Draft
  14. 14.   Later additions changed the floor plan to a Hall and Parlor Plan – a main room with two smaller chambers. Second Alteration 54-1221
  15. 15.  Second Alteration Floor Plan Victoria Chaffers- Personal Draft
  16. 16.   A front porch extended across the entire front façade of the house with a small room used to store firewood.  Another room was added opposite to the existing fireplace. o The room had a brick chimney with a small fireplace, one large window, an exterior door to the new front porch, and a doorway to connect to the main room.  The stairs to the upper level were moved to the left corner next to the main room’s fireplace.  The window beside the front door was expanded.  The exterior wood was covered with clapboard siding except the front façade under the porch. Second Alteration
  17. 17.  Hoggatt House Features: Exterior  Side Gable roof with hand-split shakes/Shingle roofing  Log and Chinking structure  V-Notch  Locking Pegs  Door  Stone chimney with paved shoulder  Common Bond Brick Chimney with stepped shoulder These features will be illustrated in the next seven slides.
  18. 18.  Side Gable Roof with Hand- Split Shakes/Shingle roofing https://www.dlsweb.rmit.edu.au/toolbo x/buildright/content/bcgbc4010a/12_ro of_systems/01_roof_styles/images/page _001_roof_styles_1.gif Shingle Roofing Side Gable Roof Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo
  19. 19.  Log and Chinking  Log and Chinking were common materials in these early structures.  Logs: White Oak and Red Oak  Chinking: Clay, mud, wheat chaff mixture Chinking Log Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo
  20. 20.  V-Notch V-Notch  This was a common log construction technique in the 18th-19th Centuries. Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo
  21. 21.  Locking Pegs Back elevation of house; Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photos Locking Peg  Three of these small holes are pegs made to prevent logs from warping.
  22. 22.  Door Features The rear door with original thumb latch Board and Batten door Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photos
  23. 23.  Stone Chimney Paved Shoulder Stone Chimney ◙ This stone chimney is part of the 1801 house. ◙ Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo Front elevation of house
  24. 24.  Brick Chimney Stepped Shoulder Common Bond Laid Brick Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo ♦ This chimney was added in 1824.
  25. 25.  Hoggatt House Features: Interior Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photo
  26. 26.  Hoggatt House Features: Interior  Beaded Ceiling  Corner Staircase and evidence of relocation  Fireplaces  Joist Notching  Doors Victoria Chaffers- Personal Photos These features will be illustrated in the next six slides.
  27. 27.  Beaded Ceiling Beaded Ceiling  Beaded Ceilings were a decorative feature to houses, making the space appear larger.
  28. 28.  Corner Staircase and Evidence of Relocation Notched  A cut-out in the joist shows where the staircase was located in the opposite corner. Now, it is located in the left corner near the stone fireplace.
  29. 29.  Fireplaces: Stone  This fireplace would be where all the cooking would take place.  The fireplace is made up of fieldstone and quarried stone but contains some brick in the interior which can indicate repairs. Brick Stone
  30. 30.  Fireplaces: Brick Brick Fireplace  The surround of the fireplace is plaster with a brick hearth.
  31. 31.  Joist Notching Joist Notching  Joist notching is found in the 1824 addition, indicating that it may have been part of another building, salvaged and then attached to the Hoggatt House.
  32. 32.  Doors Strap Hinges Bar Latch
  33. 33.  Move of 1973 2003.071.013 54-1221
  34. 34.  Move of 1973  In 1973, owner Betty Jo Kellam donated the house to the High Point Museum.  The Hoggatt House was moved from its original location on South Rotary Drive to the Museum’s Historic Park.
  35. 35.  Move of 1973: Armfield House  At the time of the move to the Historic Park, the Hoggatt House was thought to have been built around 1754. The Armfield House, a log cabin in nearby Sedgefield, was also thought to be from this early period.  The High Point Historical Society purchased the Armfield House, and parts of it were used to restore the damaged areas in the floors and walls.
  36. 36.  Move of 1973: Restoration Taking down brick chimney Removing clapboard siding
  37. 37.  Move of 1973: Restoration Putting it back together in the Historic Park
  38. 38.  Move of 1973: Restoration Re-building the stone chimney
  39. 39.  Move of 1973: Finished
  40. 40.  House Fire of 2004  On December 10, 2004, a lightening strike set fire to the Hoggatt House.  The Fire destroyed parts of the house including the furnishings inside. 3 A.M. Aftermath
  41. 41.  Interior Damage  The roof, flooring, and stairs were completely destroyed.  The logs and doors were all charred and potentially destroyed.
  42. 42.  Salvaged Items  Some furnishings were saved, such as a 1825 blanket chest and an early rush lamp.
  43. 43.  Destroyed Items  Many furnishings were destroyed, including the textiles and items used to demonstrate weaving and sewing.
  44. 44.  “Just a Dollar” Campaign  On December 18, 2004, the “Just a Dollar” campaign was launched with a goal of raising $15,000 for the renovation.
  45. 45.  Barn Donation  Shirley DeLong donated an old tobacco barn on her property.  The logs were used for interior and roof timbers.
  46. 46.  Restoration from Fire  It was a long process until opening day.
  47. 47.  Restoration from Fire Cleaning the logs of burn damage
  48. 48.  Restoration from Fire  The roof and stairs took most of the damage from the fire; new wood was aged naturally.
  49. 49.  Restoration from Fire Beading Placing Floorboards Window Installation
  50. 50.  Restoration from Fire Chinking Painting
  51. 51.  Dendrochronology  A true date for the construction of the Hoggatt House had never been know for certain. After the fire, it seemed the perfect opportunity to perform tests on the logs. Dendrochronology uses the characteristic patterns of annual growth rings to date when the trees lived which were used for the lumber. ◙ Dendrochronology tests were run by the Oxford Dendrochronology Laboratory. ◙  The results show the original Hoggatt House to being built in 1801 (not 1754) and an addition placed in 1824.
  52. 52.  Opening Day  On April 1, 2006, the restored Hoggatt House was re-opened to the public.
  53. 53.  Hoggatt House Today  Today, the Hoggatt House provides hands-on experiences with textiles and other period activities for visitors.
  54. 54. Visit the Hoggatt House at the High Point Museum to learn more about the Hoggatt family and Backcountry living in early High Point! www.highpointmuseum.org High Point Museum 1859 East Lexington Avenue High Point, NC 27262

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