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Biodiversity and Life

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This module is specially designed for students living in vicinity of wilderness areas. However some of the activities mentioned can be conducted for the students living away from wilderness areas. Topics like Biodiversity and ecosystem are a part of syllabus that has been prepared for environmental science by NCERT for 9th and 10th std students. That can be taught with the help of this module.

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Biodiversity and Life

  1. 1. Biodiversity and Life
  2. 2. Introduction Biodiversity is studied from three perspectives. 1. Biodiversity as an expression of inner natural processes 2. Biodiversity as an indicator of eco-systemic health 3. Biodiversity as free ecological service for humans and other beings
  3. 3. Historical perspective • Prehistory • Agriculture • Agriculture in pre industrial era
  4. 4. Present challenge • Hard technological interventions • Non-productive use • Industrialization • Support agriculture or farming with eco- systemic diversity. Biodiversity is an integrated part of it.
  5. 5. Human cost • Cultivation implies additional effort and additional harm on the part of human beings. Effort and harm increase manifold with greater energy input , which is a hallmark of modern era. Diversity provides alternatives. Alternatives make lives rich. Thus the objective of this topic is to enable students to understand the value of biodiversity in living safe, comfortable and joyous life.
  6. 6. Target group This module is specially designed for students living in vicinity of wilderness areas. However some of the activities mentioned can be conducted for the students living away from wilderness areas. 14 years to 16 years. Class size up to 40 students. • Since this topic is designed to address the multiple subjects, time is not a limitation. Syllabus linkage • Topics like Biodiversity and ecosystem are a part of syllabus that has been prepared for environmental science by NCERT for 9th and 10th std students. That can be taught with the help of this module.
  7. 7. Biodiversity Language (songs, poems with local names) Natural sciences (food chain, soil life, food web) Social science (equality, festivals related to biodiversity) History (history of mankind and diversity) Geography (map overlaps, showing habitats foods) Mathematics (making bar chart, creative pie chart)
  8. 8. Activity Studying uncultivated or wild food. Details- 1. understanding difference between cultivated and uncultivated food. 2. understanding difference between processed and unprocessed food. 3. understanding seasonality. 4. understanding relation with eco systems 5. understanding problems or threats to biodiversity. a. monoculture b. non productive use c. invasive species d. over exploitation (cutting, grazing etc) 6. understanding food chain 7. understanding linkage with quality of life. 8. Regionalism (including endemism) Objective – making life richer with improving quality of biodiversity.
  9. 9. Sub activities 1. making exhaustive list of processed and / or unprocessed forest food 2. organizing forest food exhibition / competition of forest food 3. recipe book of forest food. 4. calendar of forest food (showing seasonality) 5. in-situ protection of forest food species 6. ex-situ protection of forest food species (weeds and wild covering) 7. survey of market where forest food is sold (variety and value) 8.visits to different eco systems in surrounding areas 9. nutritional studies of forest food 10. mapping bio diversity. 11. collection of songs and poems containing local names of wild species 12. books with info on wild food (field guides, gazetteer, flora) 13. seed collection
  10. 10. Organizing wild food exhibition in school. Standard 9th Time – July or August 1. introduction in the class - importance of wild food - experience sharing - back planning - allotting responsibilities 2. home work - gathering information from their parents and grandparents - collecting information on plants that can be found in this season - method of collecting, sorting, keeping - recipe information - actual cooking (if not unprocessed)
  11. 11. 3. actual exhibition - arrangement - visit by parents teachers and staff, nutrition expert - comments 4. visual and written documentation of all the recipes. Subjects addressed by this particular activity - Natural sciences - Social sciences - Geography - History - Languages
  12. 12. What do we learn • Facts- • Information – • Skills – • Knowledge –
  13. 13. Causal Diagram
  14. 14. General activities related to biodiversity 1. Identify non-native species and observe if they are used by insects, birds and other animals 2. Identify nocturnal animals in your surroundings 3. Documentation of timber, NTFP, fuel and fodder and its processing & skill development. 4. Identifying food and host plants of butterflies and other insects. 5. Identifying fruit eating and insect eating birds. (Nesting, pray predator relationship, roosters, migrants) 6. Problem of pest. 7. Studying grasses 8. Big mammal and its territory study 9. Top soil diversity study
  15. 15. Story Child asked grandma, why do wild-boars trouble us and eat up our farm. Why can’t we stop them from entering in the field? Grandma said, my child, we won’t do that because they (wild boars) don’t understand that this is a field. We started cultivating the land, they did not. We can’t expect them to follow what we do, can we?

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