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Unit 6 L4 N.I.3

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HOW TO EXPRESS PROBLEMS

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Unit 6 L4 N.I.3

  1. 1. What’s wrong with it? Describing problems By Profr. José Ma. Jaramillo S. May 2009
  2. 2. Complaints Customer: Waiter, waiter! There’s a fly in my soup! Waiter: Well, don’t shout about it, or the other customers will want one, too
  3. 3. Typical complaints in… Restaurants <ul><li>The waiter was rude. </li></ul><ul><li>The soup was cold. </li></ul><ul><li>The steak was under cooked. </li></ul><ul><li>I had to wait more than 30 minutes to get my food. </li></ul><ul><li>The service was terrible. </li></ul><ul><li>The waiters forgot my order. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hospitals <ul><li>There are not enough medicines. </li></ul><ul><li>The doctors arrived late to the hospitals. </li></ul><ul><li>The nurses are sometimes rude. </li></ul><ul><li>The service is not good enough </li></ul><ul><li>They are dirty and is not secure for children’s health. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bus station <ul><li>The bus station is always full of people. </li></ul><ul><li>The buses are old and not good. </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t have air condition. </li></ul><ul><li>The seats are torn. </li></ul><ul><li>The bathrooms are damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>The windows’ glasses have scratches. </li></ul>
  6. 6. CAADI <ul><li>Some books are damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>There are books lined. </li></ul><ul><li>The tables are chipped. </li></ul><ul><li>The chairs have some stains on them. </li></ul><ul><li>The ceiling has some leaks on it. </li></ul><ul><li>The desks are stained by ink. </li></ul><ul><li>The bathrooms are leaking. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Vocabulary A tear torn A damage damaged A chip chipped A dent dented
  8. 8. A crack crack Some scratches scratched A stain stained
  9. 9. Describing problems To describe problems we can use Participles as adjectives or Nouns. e.g. We can say that something is torn or has a tear in it. Complete the next chart writing the verb as an adjective and as a noun. torn A tear damaged some damage chipped a chip dented a dent Crack a crack Scratched some scratches Stained a stain Verb Participle/adjective Noun Tear Damage Chip Dent Crack Scratch Stain
  10. 10. Using Participles as adjectives Subject + be + Participles as adjectives <ul><li>Some books are damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>The tables are chipped. </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite cd is scratched. </li></ul><ul><li>The sofa is stained. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher’s car is dented. </li></ul><ul><li>My bedroom is crack. </li></ul><ul><li>My new jeans are torn. </li></ul><ul><li>The sunglasses are burned. </li></ul><ul><li>The shower is leaking. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Using Nouns subject + have + Noun there is/there are + noun <ul><li>There are some damage on the books. </li></ul><ul><li>The table has a chip on it. </li></ul><ul><li>There are some scratches on it. </li></ul><ul><li>The sofa has some stains. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher’s car has a dent. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a crack in my bedroom. </li></ul><ul><li>It has a tear in it. There’s a hole in it. </li></ul><ul><li>There are some burns on them. </li></ul><ul><li>The shower has a leak. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Look at the pictures and choose an appropriate adjective for each problem. </li></ul>The jeans are torn/ chipped/ broken. The CD is broken/ scratched / torn. The car is burned/ stained /dented. The faucet is cracked/ leaking / scratched. The scale is dented / damaged / chipped.
  13. 13. Read the comments. Write sentences in two different ways using forms of the word in parenthesis. <ul><li>Can you give another computer. This one … (stain) </li></ul><ul><li>This one has a stain in it. This one is stained. </li></ul><ul><li>b. My son needs a new uniform for the school. It’s has …(tear) </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>c. The dictionaries in the CAADI are really old. They … (damage) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>d. We need to paint the walls. There are some … (scratch) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>e. My father had an accident. The car … (dent) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>f. Be careful with that chair. It’s …(chip) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>We need to call the plumber. The sink…(leak) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>I need a new blouse. This one … (stain) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Can I borrow a better sharpener. It’s … (damage) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>j. I don’t like this restaurant. The furniture … (chip) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>k. I need a new pair of sunglasses for my next vacation. These …(scratch) </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul>
  14. 14. Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]
  15. 15. Describing problems part II By Profr. José Ma. Jaramillo S. May 2009
  16. 16. Have you ever seen the tv show program EXTREME MAKEOVER? Well let’s take a look before we start with the next grammar.
  17. 17. Check it out the way we can describe problems focus in the videos. Need + gerund (ing) <ul><li>Carter’s house needs repairing. </li></ul><ul><li>Carter’s house needs painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Carter´s livingroom needs extending </li></ul><ul><li>The kitchen’s floor need fixing. </li></ul><ul><li>The garden needs watering. </li></ul><ul><li>The carpet needs washing. </li></ul><ul><li>The hall needs repairing. </li></ul><ul><li>The ceiling needs adjusting. </li></ul><ul><li>The office needs fixing. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Need + passive infinitive <ul><li>Carter’s house needs to be repaired. </li></ul><ul><li>Carter’s house needs to be painted. </li></ul><ul><li>Carter´s livingroom needs to be extended. </li></ul><ul><li>The kitchen’s floor needs to be fixed. </li></ul><ul><li>The garden needs to be watered. </li></ul><ul><li>The carpet needs to be washed. </li></ul><ul><li>The hall needs to be repaired. </li></ul><ul><li>The ceiling needs to be adjusted. </li></ul><ul><li>The office needs to be fixed. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Also we can use: keeps + gerund (ing) It is use a gerund followsed by the verb keep when it refers to a repetitive action. <ul><li>My aquarium keeps leaking. </li></ul><ul><li>My jeans keep shrinking. </li></ul><ul><li>My parents keep telling me to get married. </li></ul><ul><li>My students keep copying the workbooks. </li></ul><ul><li>The teachers keep working in the CAADI. </li></ul><ul><li>The kids keep running outside the classroom. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Exercise 5 <ul><li>Look at the pictures, identify the problem and give it a solution. </li></ul>The wastebasket is full. It needs to be emptied. The map
  21. 21. The window The light bulb The faucet
  22. 22. Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]

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