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Unit 3 L4 N.I.3

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Request with modals, if clauses, and gerunds and indirect requests

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Unit 3 L4 N.I.3

  1. 1. Could you lend me your jacket? Requests with modals, if clauses, and gerunds By Profr. José Ma. Jaramillo S. March 2009
  2. 2. Do you know this proverb? A friend in need is a friend indeed Should I always say “yes” to a friend?
  3. 3. Some favors people dislike <ul><li>Borrow some money to get a soda </li></ul><ul><li>Give me a ride to school </li></ul><ul><li>Use your cell phone </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow your homework </li></ul><ul><li>Use your laptop </li></ul><ul><li>Lend your hairbrush </li></ul><ul><li>Take care of my pet </li></ul><ul><li>Help me to move to my new apartment </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Do the team homework by yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow your digital camera </li></ul><ul><li>Take note at school for him/her </li></ul><ul><li>Lie to his/her mom or dad </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow your favorite clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow your cd’s or usb </li></ul><ul><li>Ask something from the store without money </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ways to ask favors <ul><li>Can I borrow your pen, please? </li></ul><ul><li>Could you lend me $5.00 pesos please? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it OK if I use your cell phone? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you mind if I use your computer tonight? </li></ul><ul><li>Would it be OK if I borrowed your truck tomorrow? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind lending your cell phone? </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder if I could borrow some money </li></ul><ul><li>I was wondering if you’d mind lending me your house to have a party. </li></ul>
  6. 6. There are many ways to ask favors. They also vay in degrees of formality. Can / Could For informal request <ul><li>Can I borrow your cd’s please? </li></ul><ul><li>Could you lend your notes from the class? </li></ul>Would More formal or remanding requests
  7. 7. 1. Requests with if clauses and the present tense: <ul><li>Is it OK if I borrow your phone? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you mind if I use your laptop tonight? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it OK if you lend me some money? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you mind if I sit next to you? </li></ul>2. Requests with if clauses and the past tense: <ul><li>Would it be OK if I called you tomorrow? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind if I borrowed your copies? </li></ul><ul><li>Would it be OK if I had a second oportunity? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind if I took your pencil from your bag? </li></ul>
  8. 8. NOTE: Would you mind is answered with “NO” if the request if granted. “YES” means the person denies the request.
  9. 9. 3. Requests with gerunds (ing) <ul><li>Would you mind copy ing your workbook? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind giv ing me a ride to my house? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind borrow ing your sharpener? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind not hav ing classes tomorrow? </li></ul>4. Requests with if clauses and modals <ul><li>I wonder if I could borrow your car. </li></ul><ul><li>I was wondering if you’d mind borrowing me your camera. </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder if I could answer the videobook for you. </li></ul><ul><li>I was wondering if you’d mind helping me with my homework. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Make requests for the next situations using the words in parenthesis. </li></ul><ul><li>You want to borrow your friend usb to store a presentation in power point. </li></ul><ul><li>(Do you mind…?)______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>b. Your neighbor needs to park his car in your driveway. ( Is it Ok if…? </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>c. Your teacher want to use your laptop. (I wonder if…) </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>d. Your classmate needs to copy the workbook. (Can I …?) </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>e. Your cousin wants your digital camara for a trip next weekend. (Would it be ok if…?) </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>f. Mario needs to get some activities from the laboratory. (Could you …?) </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>g. You want to use your father’s new car. (I was wondering if you’d mind…) </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>h. You need some money to get a concert ticket from your favorite group. (Could you…?)______________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>You want to ask your teacher his cell phone to call your mom. (I wonder if …) </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>j. Your friend needs to ask you a ride to school for tomorrow. (Would you mind …?) </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul>
  11. 11. Could you tell your sister…? Indirect requests By Profr. José Ma. Jaramillo S. March 2009
  12. 12. Collocations One element of improving your vocabulary is learning which verbs go with which nouns - also called collocations . For example: do homework make an effort get frightened do the shopping get a permission make a mess take a break have a headache take a seat
  13. 13. Complete the next collocations using the verbs: _______ a relationship _______ a rest _______ a promise _______ the ice _______ a drink _______ a look _______ a problem _______ time _______ someone’s temperature _______ a haircut _______ breakfast Take/have/break Save/find/go _______ time _______ a patner _______ a solution _______ overseas _______ a cure _______ quiet _______ happiness _______ energy _______ bad _______ electricity _______ someones’ seat
  14. 14. One way for you to be more polite when you make a request is to use indirect strategies rather than direct ones. Of course, between friends, more casual direct requests can be used. Indirect requests Jeff’s boss Jeff’s assistant Jeff’s Could you tell Jeff that there’s a staff meeting today? We use indirect requests when we want someone to give a message to someone else.
  15. 15. Statements Jeff, Mike is coming tomorrow to the meeting. Indirect requests introduced by that Could you tell Jeff that Mike is coming tomorrow? Jeff, everybody is going to be there. Please tell Jeff that everybody is going to be there. Jeff, the meeting starts at 6:00 p.m. Can you tell Jeff that the meeting starts at 6:00 p.m. Imperatives Jeff, don’t bring your proyects. Indirect requests using infinitives Could you tell/ask Jeff not to bring his proyects. Jeff, don’t forget to print the lists. Please ask Jeff not to forget to print the lists. Jeff, close the office at the end of the meeting. Can you ask Jeff to close the office at the end.
  16. 16. Yes/No questions Manuel, are you busy tomorrow? Indirect requests introduced by if or whether Could you ask Manuel if he is busy tomorrow? Manuel, do you have the new Mana’s cd? Please ask Manuel whether or not he has the new cd? Manuel, are you at home right now? Can you ask Manuel if he is at home right now? Can you ask Manuel wheter or not he is at home right now? Wh-questions Mary, when does the concert start? Indirect requests introduced by a questions word Could you ask Mary when the concert start s ? Mary, where does she leave the copies? Please ask Mary where she leave s the copies? Mary, what can I do with the copies? Can you ask Mary what I can do with the copies? Mary, what did she do with her computer? Could you ask Mary what she did with her computer?
  17. 17. <ul><li>Rewrite these sentences as indirect requests. </li></ul><ul><li>Vero, can you come earlier to the class? _Please ask Vero if she can come earlier to the class?__________ </li></ul><ul><li>Alexis, Jazmin is with Jorge in the library. _______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Marlen, what time do you start working? _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Caty, don’t borrow your copies. ______________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Tere, Flor is not comming today. _____________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Laura, where did you buy your notebook?_______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Jorge, are you going to Linares tomorrow?_______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher, can we see a movie? ________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Rolando, don’t park your car on the principal place.________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Diana, the CAADI is not opening tomorrow.____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Dago, did he have a party yesterday?___________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Jazmin, don’t bring the cell phone to the class.____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Flor, pay attention the class._________________________________________________________ </li></ul>
  18. 18. Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]