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Counterclaim

Introduction of the Counterclaim, 9th Grade

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Counterclaim

  1. 1. Counterclaims
  2. 2. WHAT IS A COUNTERCLAIM? A counterclaim answers the question- “What are other credible possibilities to my topic?” Counterclaims are going to be completely OPPOSITE of the claim that you will make at the beginning of your essay.
  3. 3. LETS LOOK AT AN EXAMPLE Prompt: How should high schools address the increased violence on campuses? Claim: HS need armed security on campus to reduce incidences of violence. Counterclaim: Armed security does not reduce violence on high school campuses.
  4. 4. QUESTION: IF YOU GIVE A COUNTERCLAIM, DOESN’T THAT JUST MEAN THAT YOU ARE CONTRADICTING YOUR ENTIRE ESSAY, BUT PROVING THE OTHER SIDE?
  5. 5. ANSWER: NO, NOT AT ALL. AFTER YOU STATE WHAT THE COUNTERCLAIM TO THE PROMPT WOULD BE, YOU WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT YOU SHOW THE READER WHY THE COUNTERCLAIM DOESN’T WORK.
  6. 6. STUDENT: It sounds like a lot of work. Can’t we just leave out the counterclaim? TEACHER: Nope. By stating the counterclaim, you look more knowledgeable about the entire debate, rather than just being biased or uninformed.
  7. 7. WHERE DO YOU PUT THE COUNTERCLAIM? IT WILL BE THE 5TH PARAGRAPH OF THE PAPER, AFTER YOU HAVE STATED YOUR REASONS AND EVIDENCE FROM YOUR CLAIM. (SEE ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY OUTLINE)
  8. 8. ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF A COUNTERCLAIM Prompt: How can students focus better in school? Claim: Students that are allowed to chew gum focus better in school. Counterclaim: Gum will be a distraction if it is chewed loudly. ***It will be up to you to determine how to prove that the counterclaim is not true.

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