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Research ayurveda

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Research ayurveda

  1. 1. RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA SCOPE, NEED, IMPORTANCE, UTILITY SWATHI ANAND, final year BAMS
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • ETIMOLOGY From French word “recherché”=seek out/search closely re=continuous , cherche=to seek for • RESEARCH is search for KNOWLEDGE or search for UNKNOWN THINGS. • RESEARCH is the search again & again (re-search) for new knowledge in a systematic & scientific way. 5/03/2017 2
  3. 3. RESEARCH DEFINITION • RESEARCH is an intelligent, scientific, systemic unbiased process(or approach) for establishment of a particular concept or hypothesis. • RESEARCH is the quest for knowledge through systematic & scientific way on a specified topic, aimed at DISCOVERY & INTERPRETATION of NEW KNOWLEDGE. • RESEARCH is a process of knowing NEW FACTS & verifying OLD ONES by the application of scientific methods to natural phenomenon. • RESEARCH can be done in any branch of SCIENCE or any branch of KNOWLEDGE 5/03/2017 3
  4. 4. 5/03/2017 4 RESEARCH in Ayurveda is based on कार्य-कारण सिध्दान्त Without knowing कार्य-कारण सिध्दान्त ,complete knowledge is not possible
  5. 5. 5/03/2017 5 RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA 1. अन्वेषण-desire to search 2. गवेषण-to search/to achieve with help of all sense organs 3. पर्ेषण-to search from all dimensions 4. अनुिन्धान-अनु=to follow, िन्धान=appropriate knowledge 5. एषण-to search 6. मंथन-churning to know the facts 7. ववमर्य-re appraisal or critical comments 8. तन्रर्ुक्तत-methods of logical thinking & scientific presentation 9. प्रततपवि-understand things in their right perspective
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  7. 7. SCOPE FOR RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA Good scope, especially in following themes: 1.THEORETICAL RESEARCH 2.EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH 3.CLINICAL RESEARCH 5/03/2017 7
  8. 8. 1.THEORETICAL RESEARCH Theoretical research in the fundamental principles of आर्ुवेद has a potential for vast paradigm shifts in the health sector. Eg; • Concept of दोष • Concept of धातु • Concept of मल • Concept of अक्नन • Concept of आवरण • Concept of आम 5/03/2017 8
  9. 9. 2.EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH Various experiments can be done in आर्ुवेद using modes of evidence explained in Ayurvedic texts like: a) प्रत्र्क्ष, आप्तोपदेर्,अनुमान b) त्ररववध परीक्षा c) दर्ववध परीक्षा, अष्ठववध परीक्षा 5/03/2017 9
  10. 10. 3.CLINICAL RESEARCH • Offers most important domain for developing new protocols. • Ayurvedic bed side observation & management is very rich, but relatively unexplored. • CR Is directly related to patient & clinical trials of medicines. 3 aspects of Ayurvedic clinical research; i. Curative aspect : tmt of disease without developing complications. Eg. Efficacy of chandraprabha vati & mustadi kalpa in management of mutraghata; Efficacy of citrakadi vati in grahani ii. Promotive aspect : रिार्न & वाजीकरण Eg.efficacy of agastya haritaki rasayana in kasa/yakshma pt.; efficacy of asvagandarista in klaibya ii.Preventive aspect : health maintainace (yoga,maintaining hygiene) 5/03/2017 10
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  13. 13. NEED FOR RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA • To review & revive(use again)the classical literature of आर्ुवेद;To explore the historical aspects of आर्ुवेद • To develop evidence based support on the efficacy of आर्ुवेद products & practices. • To generate data on “safety, standardisation & quality control for आर्ुवेद products & practices” 5/03/2017 13
  14. 14. • To evaluate effectiveness of various formulations described in a particular condition. • To assess effectiveness of particular tmt, in order to improve the quality of therapy provided to patient. • To upgrade आर्ुवेद time to time, keeping in view the new disease & health related problems developing day by day/emergency management of diseases 5/03/2017 14
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  16. 16. IMPORTANCE OF RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA 1. Only the FACTS established after • careful investigations • Observations • experimental studies • supported by accurate data with proper statistical analysis can only convince the PUBLIC about the validity of any single statement. 5/03/2017 16
  17. 17. 2. Ayurveda is gaining global acceptance. Interest in ayurveda & its public demand is rapidly increasing. Such demand only be fulfilled by developing an appropriate research methodology. 3. Research is important to further improve safety, standardisation & quality control for आर्ुवेद products & practices; for easy administration & rapid action. 4. Research is useful to assess the relative effectiveness of Health care programmes in order to determine the allocation of the resources in health settings. 5/03/2017 17
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  19. 19. UTILITY OF RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA • परीक्ष्र्काररणो हि कु र्लो भवन्ती ।। Ca.su.10/5 Caraka says about the utility of research- “those alone are wise , who act after investigations” • our आचार्ाा’s have encouraged the intelligent people to struggle for obtaining new knowledge by reasoning experiments comparison judgement by taking clues from texts 5/03/2017 19
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  21. 21. 5/03/2017 21 PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY RESEARCHERS IN AYURVEDA • No fixed universal dose of Ayurvedic drug as it is prescribed according to दोषावस्थ,र्रररबल,अक्ननबल,कोष्ठ of patient. • Hence difficult to do a clinical study with Ayurvedic drug. • No quantitative measures for Ayurvedic basic parameters like vata, pitta, kapha, agni, aama etc • Difficult to consider Ayurvedic aspects like दोषावस्थ,र्रररबल,अक्ननबल etc while evaluating drugs in animal models. • Pt. often consume Allopathic medicine along with Ayurveda at same time. Hence difficult to establish that the result has come from which medicine.
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