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First aid

A simplistic but beautiful and modern presentation on first aid.

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First aid

  1. 1. FIRS TA Presentation On Safety, Cure And Treatment AID
  2. 2. WhatIs FirstAid? At its most basic, first aid is the initial assistance given to a victim of injury or illness. Comprised of relatively simple techniques that can be performed with rudimentary equipment, first aid is usually carried out by a layperson until professional medical assistance arrives.
  3. 3. Why is it is Important ?
  4. 4. It affords people with the ability to provide help during various emergency situations. First aid helps ensure that the right methods of administering medical assistance are provided Knowledge in first aid also benefits the individuals themselves. It makes one ethically and mentally ready to face difficult medical situations
  5. 5. Common First Aid Topics
  6. 6. Cut or ScrapeIf there's bleeding, first press firmly over the site with a clean cloth until it stops, anywhere from three to 15 minutes. Clean under lukewarm running water and gently pat dry. When a wound is dirty or was caused by an animal scratch, rinse it with water and gently lather with soap. If the skin is broken, apply a thin layer of an over-the-counter antibiotic ointment (like Neosporin or Bacitracin), then cover with a bandage or gauze and adhesive tape. If you can't control the bleeding after several attempts with direct pressure, call your pediatrician or 911, or head to an E.R. If a large piece of skin has been removed, wrap it in a clean, moist cloth and place it in a bag over ice -- a doctor may be able to reattach it. An animal bite that has caused a deep cut should be seen by a
  7. 7. Burn Act Fast: Immediately hold under cool running water or apply a cold, wet towel until the pain subsides. Cover any small blisters with a loose bandage or gauze and tape; call a doctor as soon as possible if burns are on the face, hands, or genitals, or if they're larger than 1/4 inch anywhere on the body. If the burn looks deep -- the skin may be white or brown and dry -- go to the E.R. For a burn covering a tenth of the body or more, don't use cold compresses; call 911 and cover the child with a clean sheet or a blanket to prevent hypothermia until help arrives.
  8. 8. Nosebleed Act Fast: Have the person sit upright, but don't tilt her head back. Loosen any tight clothing around her neck. Pinch the lower end of her nose close to the nostrils and have her lean forward while you apply pressure continuously for five to ten minutes. Don't release and check the nose; it could prolong the bleeding.
  9. 9. Insect Bite or Sting Act Fast: If the insect left a stinger, gently scrape the skin with your fingernail or a credit card to remove it without breaking it. (Using tweezers can squeeze out more venom.) Call 911 if the person has trouble breathing, is coughing, or develops a hoarse voice, hives, or swollen lips or tongue.
  10. 10. Eye Trauma Act Fast: When your child has severe pain, constant tearing, light sensitivity, or blurry vision after being poked or hit in the eye, hold a cool, wet cloth over the area and head to the E.R. He may have a scratch on the eye's surface, which is treated with prescription drops or ointment and usually heals within 48 hours. If a chemical has been splashed in his eye, hold the lid open and flush with lukewarm water and call Poison
  11. 11. Why do I need a first aid k Falls, bee stings, burns, allergic reactions -- all of these are common accidents that can happen in any home or on any outing. That’s when a first aid kit comes in handy. When you have a well- stocked first aid kit, you have the supplies you need to be ready for most minor emergencies. Putting a kit together is as simple as placing some basic items in a small container, such as a plastic tub, tool kit or tote bag. Keep one in your medicine cabinet at home, making sure it’s out of young children’s reach.
  12. 12. Dressings and bandages: 25 adhesive bandages of various sizes (brand names: Band-Aid, Curad, others) 5 sterile gauze pads (3 x 3 inches) 5 sterile gauze pads (4 x 3 inches) Gauze roll Eye shield or pad Roll of adhesive tape Elastic bandage (brand names: ACE, Coban, others) for wrapping wrist, elbow, ankle and knee injuries (3 to 4 inches wide) 2 triangular bandages for wrapping injuries and making arm slings Sterile cotton balls and cotton-tipped swabs Equipment and other supplies: 2 pair latex or non-latex gloves (These should be worn any time you may be at risk of contact with blood or body fluid of any type.) Instant cold pack Thermometer Tweezers to remove ticks, insect stingers and small splinters Scissors for cutting gauze Breathing barrier for giving CPR Blanket Hand sanitizer (liquid and/or wipes) First aid manual List of emergency numbers
  13. 13. Medicine for cuts and injuries: Antiseptic solution or wipes, such as hydrogen peroxide, povidone-iodine (one brand name: Betadine) or chlorhexidine (one brand name: Betasept) Antibiotic ointment (brand names: Neosporin, Bactroban) that contain ingredients such as bacitracin or mupirocin Sterile eyewash or saline, such as contact lens saline solution Calamine lotion for stings or poison ivy Hydrocortisone cream, ointment or lotion for itching Other medicines: Pain and fever medicines, such as aspirin, acetaminophen (one brand name: Tylenol) or ibuprofen (brand names: Advil, Motrin). Antihistamine to treat allergies and swelling Decongestants to treat nasal congestion Anti-nausea medicine to treat motion sickness and other types of nausea Anti-diarrhea medicine Antacid to treat upset stomach Laxative to treat constipation
  14. 14. Thank You And Remember : Safety is better than cure
  15. 15. Made BY : Danish Joshi (9) Ashutosh Dhingra (8)