Meaning of Advertising - Advertising is an
activity of attracting public attention to a product,
service, or business as by paid announcements in
the print, broadcast, or electronic media.
Definition of Advertising - "Advertising is the
non-personal communication of information
usually paid for and usually persuasive in nature
about products, services or ideas by identified
sponsors through the various media." Now let's
take this statement apart and see what it means.
According to Richard Buskirk, "Advertising
is a paid form of non-personal presentation
of ideas, goods or services by an identified
According to Wheeler, "Advertising is any
form of paid non-personal presentation of
ideas, goods or services for the purpose of
inducting people to buy."
1.Mission– the main idea or selling proposition
that they want to propagate to the target
2. Money – factors such as market share and
consumer base play a significant role in budget
allocation for an advertisement
3. Message– needs to come up with a tagline and
4. Media– the mode of communication the reach
and the impact , the timing
5. Measurement-impact of the advertisement
Market research and, by analyzing sales figures.
1. Advertiser (client)
• Uses advertising to send out a message
about its products
• Initiates the advertising effort by
identifying a marketing problem
Approves audience, plan Hires the advertising
2. Advertising Agency
Has strategic and creative expertise,
workforce talent, and
negotiating abilities with the Advertising
3. Support Organizations (Suppliers)
Assist advertisers, agencies, and the media in creating and
placing the ads
• Vendor services are often cheaper than those in-house
4. The Media– communication that carry the message to the
• Are also companies or huge conglomerates
• Mass media advertising can be cost effective because the
costs are spread over the large number of people the ad
5. The Consumers- The desired audience for the advertising
Data-gathering technology improves accuracy of information
Advertisers must recognize the various target audiences they
are talking to and know as much about them as possible
Objectives of Advertising
1.To make an immediate sale.
2.To build primary demand.
3.To introduce a price deal.
4.To build brand recognition or brand
5.To help salesman by building an
awareness of a product among retailers.
6.To create a reputation for service,
reliability or research strength.
7.To increase market share.
India’s 10 leading advertisers by media spend:
Procter and gamble.
Coca – cola company
Colgate – Palmolive
Leading advertising companies in India
Ogilvy and mather
J walter Thompson India
FCB Ulka advertising limited
Erickson India ltd.
Leo Burnett India pvt ltd.
Types of advertising
Interactive advertising: is the great way to engage
with consumer. Brands tell stories, enhance word
of mouth and get personal in ways that they just
haven’t been able to do before. For example:
Volkswagen- in advt. inside a conventional
magazine asked readers to download an
application and take your phone for a test drive
along road fold out in magazines.
Reebok shoe making company placed a shoe and
a speed meter on a road that the person whose
speed will be high they gave shoes to that person.
Covert advertising: in this the product or a
particular brand is incorporated in some
movies, television shows, in sports like pizza
in movies, various brands of cars and bikes
Surrogate advertising: in cases where
advertising of a particular product is banned by
law and companies use other products to
advertise company for e.g. products like
cigarettes, or alcohol.
Public service advertising: advertising that
shows various public welfare campaigns like
polio campaign, Swatchh Bharat Abhiyan that
shows social responsibility
Nature of advertising
The term ‘advertising‘ is derived from the Latin word ‘advertere’ that means ‘to turn
the attention’. Every piece of advertising attempts to seek the attention of your
audience towards a product or service.
Has a unique selling proposition
Often, the advertiser need to have a unique selling proposition (USP). This unique
selling proposition makes the product or service stand out of the crowd. Advertising
attempts to persuade and influence the audience through the different kinds of
The visual and non-verbal elements play a dominant role in advertising. An eye-
catching advertisement uses crisp information and focuses on the visual treatment to
convey the message. The visual elements used in the advertisements not only
convey the information, but also tell a story.
Advertising broadens the knowledge of the consumers. With this nature of
advertising, consumers can have the know how of the products, brands or
services that exist in the market. In fact, every product or service is designed in a
way to keep the consumers satisfied.
Uses various media
Apart from print platforms like newspapers and magazines, its presence can now
also be seen in audiovisual platforms like, films, hoardings, banners and many such
Scope of advertising
Scope of advertising
Institutional : promotes institution or organization
Advocacy : promotes company position on a public
Product: its features uses and benefits.
Competitive : various special features that differentiate
from competing brand.
Comparative : compare two or more brands on the
basis of one or more product characteristics.
Reinforcement: assure user about the product and
services that they made the wise decision by buying a
product or service. Make customers feel good.
Importance of advertising
Increases sales turnover: growing demand of the
product leads to the more sale of the profit.
Maximizes profits: more sales leads to the profit
Maintain the existing market and explores for new.
Maintains goodwill of the firm and gains customers
Advertising helps in knowing the competitors and
helps in making plan.
More choice of brands.
Better quality of product.
Saves good deal of time.
More variety and services
Uplifts the living standards.
Generate employment opportunities.
Provide new horizons of knowledge: various
classified, job ads, tenders, matrimony all find
at one place.
Upholds culture of the nation. (Reflects and
Educates society on various social issues.
Social and Economical Aspects of
Economic role of Advertising
Value of Products
Effect on Prices
Effect on consumer demand and choices
Effect on business cycle
Social role of Advertising:
Deception in Advertising
The Subliminal Advertising
Effect on Our Value System
Truthfulness in advertising
1.Discouraging deceptive business
2.Encouraging the provision of accurate
and truthful information;
3.Enhancing competition by ensuring a
level playing field; and
4.Enabling informed consumer choice.
5.The Dignity of the Human Person
6.The dignity of human beings should be
respected; advertisements should not
insult the dignity of human beings;
7.Different cultures and ethnic groups
should be presented in advertising as
equal with the majority of the population;
8.Special care should be given to weak and
vulnerable groups like - children, poor
people, or elderly people.
9.Advertising and Social Responsibility
Advertising has a strong social responsibility,
independent of its known commercial
responsibility. Advertisers should have a
deeper sense of social responsibility and
should develop their own set of ethical and
social norms taking into consideration the
values of their society.