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Why cars and cities dont match

Cities are growing and so does its infrastructure. Many cities are questioning its car oriented planning and going for walkability. Author and lecturer Alexander Ståhle explains why in this presentation. Alexander Ståhle is also CEO at Spacescape and PhD in Urban Design.

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Why cars and cities dont match

  1. 1. WHY CARS AND CITIES DON’T MATCH Alexander Ståhle, CEO & PhD alexander.stahle@spacescape.se www.spacescape.se SPACESCAPE ǀ URBAN RESEARCH & DESIGN SPACESCAPE
  2. 2. Why cities? SPACESCAPE
  3. 3. Cities create proximitynärhet och flöden? Vad skapar Fungerar planen som det var tänkt? Vad gör en attraktiv plats? SOFO SPACESCAPE
  4. 4. Proximity creates interaction SPACESCAPE
  5. 5. Interaction creates livability SPACESCAPE
  6. 6. Livalibility creates value Stockholm appartment prices 2011 SPACESCAPE
  7. 7. Value is 90% walkability in Stockholm Urban qualities Appartment prices in Stockholm region SPACESCAPE
  8. 8. “Walkability command a premium of $4-34,000” CEO for Cities (2009) ”Drivable suburban” ”Walkable urban” SPACESCAPE
  9. 9. Density increases walkability SHOPS RESTAURANTS DENSITY ÖREBRO SHOPS DENSITY STOCKHOLM DENSITY GÖTEBORG SPACESCAPE
  10. 10. Travel Density decreases car use Density Dunphy RT and Fisher K (1996) SPACESCAPE
  11. 11. Density allows for public transport “An advanced city is where even the rich use public transportation” Enrique Peñalosa, ITDP SPACESCAPE
  12. 12. Office value Car accessiblity do not affect appartment prices or office rents in Stockholm Public transport accessibility SPACESCAPE
  13. 13. Failing office areas Infra City, Upplands Väsby SPACESCAPE
  14. 14. Inside failing office areas Inside Infra City, Upplands Väsby SPACESCAPE
  15. 15. Gallerian shopping mall, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  16. 16. Photoshop Gallerian shopping mall, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  17. 17. Why cars and cities don’t match… 1. People in cars do not interact 2. Car traffic segregates people 3. Cars destroys urban livability SPACESCAPE
  18. 18. People in cars are less social New study on “road rage” (Gatersleben, Murtagh, White 2013): •Car use has negative effects on urban communities by affecting social perceptions. •More car use through a relatively poor area is associated with less positive views of that area. •More walking through a relatively poor area is related to more positive views of the area. •Attitudes towards young people are more negative when they are seen from a car. •Attitudes towards young people are most positive when seen from a pedestrian perspective. SPACESCAPE
  19. 19. Problem 1: Sprawl means more people in cars SPACESCAPE
  20. 20. Problem 2: Car traffic decreases social interaction Livable streets, Donald Appleyard (1981) SPACESCAPE
  21. 21. Problem 3: Space with cars destroys urban life Allmänna vägen, Göteborg 1910 SPACESCAPE
  22. 22. SPACESCAPE
  23. 23. SPACESCAPE
  24. 24. Ciclovia Bogota SPACESCAPE
  25. 25. CicLAvia, Los Angeles SPACESCAPE
  26. 26. Champs Elysées, Paris SPACESCAPE
  27. 27. Regent street, London SPACESCAPE
  28. 28. Summer Streets, , New York SPACESCAPE
  29. 29. Rightsizing streets and ”road diets” BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER Broadway, New York SPACESCAPE
  30. 30. Rightsizing streets and ”road diets” BEFORE AFTER Bridgeport Way, University place BEFORE AFTER East Boulevard, Charlotte SPACESCAPE
  31. 31. New street design guidelines for rightsizing New York Chicago SPACESCAPE
  32. 32. Urban highway removal Park East Freeway, Milwaukee, Wisconsin SPACESCAPE
  33. 33. Urban highway removal Park East Boulevard, Milwaukee, Wisconsin SPACESCAPE
  34. 34. Urban highway removal Octavia Boulevard, San Fransisco Cheonggye Expressway , Seoul, SPACESCAPE
  35. 35. Urban highway removal Big dig, Boston SPACESCAPE
  36. 36. Urban highway removal Söderleden, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  37. 37. Urban highway removal Globen Nynäsvägen, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  38. 38. Urban highway removal Globen Söderstaden, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  39. 39. Highways and urban design don´t mix Rinkeby Ursvik Västra Ursvik, Sundbyberg SPACESCAPE
  40. 40. Highways and urban design don´t mix Västra Ursvik, Sundbyberg SPACESCAPE
  41. 41. Space syntax shows pedestrian proximity Rinkeby Ursvik SPACESCAPE
  42. 42. SPACESCAPE
  43. 43. Car highway city People network city SPACESCAPE
  44. 44. “If you can make it there…” SPACESCAPE
  45. 45. SPACESCAPE ǀ URBAN RESEARCH & DESIGN Alexander Ståhle CEO & PhD alexander.stahle@spacescape.se www.spacescape.se SPACESCAPE

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